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If the error 0xc0000428, Windows cannot verify the digital signature for this file keeps troubling you, this post may help. It usually occurs if Windows cannot verify a file’s digital signature, as it may be corrupted or modified. Fortunately, you can follow these simple suggestions to fix it.

What is Error 0xc0000428?

Windows uses digital signatures to verify connected files and devices. The error message “0xc0000428: Windows cannot verify the digital signature for this file” indicates that Windows has detected an issue with the digital signature of a driver or system file and cannot verify it. Some reasons it may occur are:

Corrupt or invalid digital signature

Certificate used to sign the file is expired

Unsigned file

Fix 0xc0000428; Windows cannot verify the digital signature for this file

To fix error 0xc0000428, Windows cannot verify the digital signature for this file, disable the integrity checks and driver signature enforcement. If that doesn’t help, follow these:

Repair Corrupted System Files

Verify the digital signature of the file

Disable Driver Signature Enforcement

Repair the Boot Manager

Disable Integrity Checks

System Restore to a Point Before the error occurred

Now, let’s see these in detail.

1] Repair Corrupted System Files

Corrupted system files are another reason why Windows cannot verify the digital signature. To fix this, try running the system file checker. Running an SFC scan can automatically fix outdated and corrupted system files. Here’s how:

Open an elevated Command Prompt.

Type the following command and hit Enter. sfc/scannow

Restart your device once done and see if the error’s fixed.

2] Verify the digital signature of the file

Next, you can try verifying the digital signature of the file manually. You’ll need to use the Windows File Signature Verification tool to do so.

3] Disable Driver Signature Enforcement

Driver Signature Enforcement prevents unsigned drivers or system files from loading in Windows. Disabling this feature will allow these files to be loaded, which may help to resolve the error 0xc0000428. Here’s how:

Press Windows + I to open Settings.

Here, press F7 to select Disable driver signature enforcement option.

4] Repair the Boot Manager

A damaged Boot Manager is one of the main reasons why the error 0xc0000428, Windows cannot verify the digital signature for this file, may occur. Follow these steps to repair your Boot Manager.

Here, select Command Prompt and type in the following commands:

bootrec/fixmbr bootrec/fixboot bootrec/rebuildbcd

Exit, and now reboot your system and see if the error gets fixed.

5] Disable Integrity Checks

Integrity Checks check the digital signature of all files before they load into your device’s memory. They won’t allow any files that fail this check to be loaded. Disabling this feature may help fix the error 0xc0000428. Here’s how:

Open Command Prompt as an Administrator.

Type the following command and hit Enter. bcdedit.exe /set nointegritychecks on

You will now see a message saying, “The operation completed successfully.”

Close the Command Prompt and see if the error’s fixed.

6] System Restore to a Point Before the error occured

If none of these suggestions helped you consider system restoring your device to a point before the error occurred. Doing so can repair the Windows environment by installing the files and settings saved in the restore point. Here’s how you can perform a System Restore.

Note that this can be done only if you’ve created a System Restore Point earlier.

Read: Windows cannot verify the digital signature (Code 52)

We hope one of these suggestions helped you.

How do I fix error code 0xc0000428?

The error code 0xc0000428 indicates that Windows cannot verify the digital signature of a file. To fix this, you must repair corrupted system files and disable driver signature reinforcement.

How to bypass Windows Cannot verify the digital signature?

Bypassing the Windows cannot verify the digital signature message is not recommended. However, if you need to do so, you’ll have to disable driver signature reinforcement in the Windows Recovery Environment.

You're reading 0Xc0000428: Windows Cannot Verify The Digital Signature For This File

Arf File Player For Windows

Arf File Player for Windows [2023 Guide]




ARF file type contains recordings that usually are made during a conference, therefore it needs special software to operate it.

It contains audio, video,


results, pools,

file transfer





shares, and more.

We’ve listed several such tools, most of which are universal file openers.

Some of the entries are paid for, while some also offer up a free trial to start off with.

Technology is developing extremely quickly, and Cisco WebEx makes it possible these days to launch an online meeting or a web conference over a long distance.

ARF files contain recordings that have been made of online sessions and were downloaded from WebEx and recorded using Network-Based Recording which is often referred to as NBR.

This kind of file can be exported into a Windows media player and converted into a more widely used format.

Usually, ARF files contain any of the following types of content: audio, video, Q&A results, pools, file transfer, annotation, desktop shares, chat conversations, and more.

If you are trying to open an ARF file, you’re in the right spot because we gathered four of the best tools that will enable you to view, open and edit ARF files.

Make sure to check out these tools’ sets of features in order to be able to make the best decision.

Usually, you can use WebEx Network Recording Player in order to be able to open AFR files on Windows. But there are certain times when you may want to edit ARF contents with Adobe Premiere for instance or open AFR files on mobile devices.

This is where the screen recorder comes as one of the best available solutions. This tool is able to capture the screen to help you directly record ARF to MP4 for playing WebEx network recording.

Take a look at the most exciting features that are included in this tool and the easy steps that need to be taken in order to use it:

After you download the ARF Player, you have to install it, and this is really easy even for beginners.

Select Screen Recorder in order to enter Record Video and Audio window.

You have to select the recording area and choose Full Screen or Customize recording area to capture the WebEx network meeting.

After setting the recording options, you have to turn on System Audio and Microphone Audio in order to better save the web conferencing audio.

Now, you can easily record WebEx meeting to MP4.

You can download this Screen Recorder tool for free and see how it works on your machine running Windows.

Aiseesoft Screen Recorder

Record your screen, video games, skype calls, and youtube videos in the easiest and most professional way with Aiseesoft Screen Recorder.

Check priceVisit Website

With HD Video Converter Factory Pro you can convert the downloaded WebEx online meeting recording from the ARF file format to other types to be able to play it on your devices. For instance, you can convert the ARF file to AVI, MP3, or MP4 formats.

The best solution to achieve this is to use HD Video Converter Factory Pro. This is an efficient ARF converter that offers users more than 300 formats and codes to choose from.

Check out the best features that are included in HD Video Converter Factory Pro:

This tool is famous for its really fast conversion speed and extremely high compression ratio that will help to significantly reduce the video file size without losing any quality during the process of conversion.

This is one of the best choices that you have available these days to convert ARF files to be able to play them on your system.

HD Video Converter Factory Pro provides a great visual experience in an efficient and safe method.

Using this tool, you will be able to download various videos from mainstream websites.

The powerful inner video editor will enable you to trim your videos and add various effects and subtitles as well.

⇒ Get Video Converter Factory Pro

Expert tip:

The user interface is simple, uncluttered. Anyone can get adjusted to it really fast since it does not have any particularities that need much learning. To open your files, you can easily place them on the main page with drag-and-drop. 

The types of files the software can open are generous. You get to enjoy audio and music files of over 700 formats, so there is a very high chance that you will be able to open virtually anything audio-related. 

The software can also open hundreds of formats of compressed files, database files, developer files, documents, image files, video and movies, and many more. 

Depending on the file type, the file opener comes with specific options. For example, if you want to open a movie file, you get a built-in media player with audio settings, video quality adjustments, and of course play/ pause buttons. 

Similarly, if you want to open a text document, you get some text editing features like font adjustments, font color, page number, or alignment options.

File View Pro also has a file compressing feature. You can use this to create .zip files or other formats of compressed files to save up disk space and you can always use this exact same software to open your compressed files in seconds.

Other key features include:

Email support for fast file sharing

Available in multiple languages

Minimal editing options for image files

File View Pro is a licensed software. You can download the unregistered, free version if you want to get accustomed to the user interface and see the toolset.

⇒ Get File View Pro

Cisco’s WebEx Player is one of the most popular tools that you can use for playing ARF files. With the help of this tool, you will be able to watch, share and edit WebEx recordings and all you have to do is just download the player.

Take a look at the best features that are included in this software:

⇒ Get WebEx Player

These are our top choices for the best solutions that you have available for playing ARF files. Check them all out and make the best decision for your needs and according to your skills.

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Fix: Windows Cannot Connect To The Printer (0X00000006)

Fix: Windows Cannot Connect to the Printer (0x00000006) Ensure you have sufficient administrative rights to add printers




When deploying printers on a server using group policy, ensure you have enough administrative rights; otherwise, they won’t be applied.

Such issues can cause your printers not to connect hence why you’re getting the error 0x00000006.

To resolve such hiccups, ensure your computers are on the same network, and your drivers are up-to-date.



To fix Windows PC system issues, you will need a dedicated tool

Fortect is a tool that does not simply cleans up your PC, but has a repository with several millions of Windows System files stored in their initial version. When your PC encounters a problem, Fortect will fix it for you, by replacing bad files with fresh versions. To fix your current PC issue, here are the steps you need to take:

Download Fortect and install it on your PC.

Start the tool’s scanning process to look for corrupt files that are the source of your problem

Fortect has been downloaded by


readers this month.

When you try to add a printer on a shared network, you may receive an error message with the error code 0x00000006. This problem may occur if you try to add a printer on a server, but the computers are not on the same network.

For further information on resolving this error, keep reading to find out how to troubleshoot it.

What is Windows error code 0x00000006? 

This error code means you cannot connect or add a printer on a server. This is a generic Windows error and can be caused by many factors, such as:

Insufficient permissions – The most common cause of this error is not having the correct permissions to access the specified printer.

Poor connection – The network connection between your computer and the server may be interrupted or down.

Incompatible drivers – The specified printer may not be compatible with the current driver.

Wrong group policy settings – When deploying printers using a group policy, you need to ensure they are the right ones. Otherwise, they won’t be applied.

Restrictive firewall settings – If there are problems connecting to network printers, it may be because your firewall has been set up too restrictively to provide additional security against hackers.

How do I fix Windows error code 0x00000006?

Attempt the following workarounds before any technical steps:

Disconnect all other peripherals that could be causing conflicts and reconnect only for the printer.

Check for any loose or damaged cables and replace them where necessary.

Verify that your PC and printer are on the same network.

Change your internet connection if possible and see if the error persists.

Log in as an administrator or use a different user account to access the printer.

Perform a system file check to check for corrupt files.

Restart or reset your printer and see if it works.

Finally, restart your PC and try printing again.

1. Disable your antivirus temporarily  2. Delete the Printer Spooler folder

In some peculiar but still possible cases, Windows may be unable to find the right driver for your printer. In such cases, you’ll have to consider another way of getting the correct drivers. 

We recommend you try the Outbyte driver updater as it will automatically scan and match you with the right driver. As a bonus, you will also get a system optimization.

⇒ Get Outbyte Driver Updater

4. Run the Printer troubleshooter 5. Restart the Print Spooler service 6. Delete a registry key

Remember that editing the registry is not recommended unless it is absolutely necessary. Since this is the most upvoted solution by users who encountered the error 0x00000006, you may have to try it if you find that other actions don’t bear fruit.

Ensure you back up your registry and create a restore point. This way, you can have a safe point of return in case anything goes wrong. 

Don’t hesitate to check out our other articles on printer errors, such as the error code 0x00003e3, and see our recommended fixes.

Still experiencing issues?

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Best Free File Compression Software For Windows 11/10

Do you have a large file you want to compress? Or maybe you have a collection of files you want to mail to someone? You can use compression software to achieve both; if you are a Windows 11/10 user, then you have some good options, as there are many good freeware file compression utilities available. File compression is a process that converts a file or a set of files to a specific format after reducing its size/s. File compression utilities pack your folders and files in a single file that is easy to carry which is also reduced in size.

While you can use the built-in feature to zip files, at times you may receive an error Windows cannot complete the extraction. It is at such times too that you can use third-party file compression & extraction software. Let us take a look at the best three file compression utilities.

Free File Compression Software for Windows 11/10

Here are some of the best free File Compression & Extraction software for your Windows PC:







Ultimate Extract and Recover.

Let us take a look at them.

1. 7-Zip

7-Zip is a free and open-source file manager, file archiver, and more. It operates on the 7z format and it can read and write many other formats. It has been one of the free best file compression utility available. 7-Zip is full of features, and the formats supported list just goes on. The 7-zip file manager can read most of the archiving formats.

7-Zip supports 7z, XZ, BZIP2, GZIP, TAR, ZIP, WIM, ARJ, CAB, CHM, CPIO, CramFS, DEB, DMG, FAT, HFS, ISO, LZH, LZMA, MBR, MSI, NSIS, NTFS, RAR, RPM, SquashFS, UDF, VHD, WIM, XAR, Z and more.

2. PeaZip

PeaZip is also a free and open-source file manager and compression utility available for Windows and Linux OS. PeaZip is primarily targeted at file compression. Like 7-Zip, it also runs on its file format that is the PEA archive format – but it also supports most of the other file formats. The application has a nice interface that is easy to use. The other features are archive conversion, file splitting and joining, secure file deletion, byte-to-byte file comparison, archive encryption, checksum/hash files, find duplicate files, system benchmarking, random passwords/keyfiles generation and more.

PeaZip supports up to 130 file formats that include ACE, ARJ, CAB, DMG, ISO, LHA, RAR, UDF, ZIPX, and more.

3. IZArc

IZArc is a freeware utility that lets you create, extract, or repair an archive. IZArc supports many of the formats, and it comes with many features that enhance your file compression experience. The drag and drop function works well, and the other features such as – Create a self-extracting archive, Virus scan feature, Repair broken archives, etc.


Also, check out these archiving software:

CAM UnZip is an easy-to-use tool.

Express Zip File Compression software

Bandizip is an ultra fast archiving software for Windows

WobZIP is a free online compression tool that lets you compress your files when on the move

CabPack lets you create CAB files.

Compress and encrypt files with Zipware

ExtractNow helps you extract multiple Zip, RAR, archive files at once.

Ultimate Extract and Recover is a free unarchiver software for Windows with Unicode support.

B1 Free Archiver compresses files and extracts content from archives with ease

TIP: If you receive The compressed (zipped) folder is invalid message, then I’d like to recommend these free zip file repair software.

Fix: This Device Cannot Find Enough Free Resources To Use (Code 12)

FIX: This device cannot find enough free resources to use (code 12)




A PC is only as good as its components, and if one is having issues, the entire system can go down.

Such would be the case with the This device cannot find enough free resources error users have been reporting.

To learn more about fixing common errors, visit our Windows 10 Errors Hub.

Additional guides can also be found on our much larger Troubleshooting page.



To fix Windows PC system issues, you will need a dedicated tool

Fortect is a tool that does not simply cleans up your PC, but has a repository with several millions of Windows System files stored in their initial version. When your PC encounters a problem, Fortect will fix it for you, by replacing bad files with fresh versions. To fix your current PC issue, here are the steps you need to take:

Download Fortect and install it on your PC.

Start the tool’s scanning process to look for corrupt files that are the source of your problem

Fortect has been downloaded by


readers this month.

The This device cannot find enough free that it can use (code12) error is one that devices’ properties windows display within a Device status box.

That error is a hardware conflict that arises when two devices are assigned the same I/O port. When that error occurs for a device, the device doesn’t work.

For example, users can’t connect to the internet when the code 12 errors occur for network adapters. Here are a few resolutions that might fix the code 12 issue in Windows.

How do I fix the Not enough free resources: Error code 12 error? 1. Reinstall the Device Driver

Windows might automatically reinstall the device driver after rebooting. However, just to make sure, run a scan with Outbyte Driver Updater.

It is much faster and much more reliable than the method used above primarily because it will guarantee the right drivers are installed, and that they are the latest available version supported by your hardware.

Additionally, it will also fix the drivers that you already have but which are faulty, as well as drivers that are missing altogether from your PC.

⇒ Get Outbyte Driver Updater

2. Update the device driver via Device Manager

Some users have stated on forums that they’ve fixed code 12 by updating the driver for the required device.

Expert tip:

3. Open the Hardware and Devices Troubleshooter

The Hardware and Devices troubleshooter could come in handy for fixing code 12. As code 12 is a hardware issue, that troubleshooter might provide a resolution for it.

4. Check Hidden Devices

As the code 12 error is usually a hardware conflict, disabling the conflicting device might also resolve the error.

The code 12 error message even states:

If you want to use this device, you will need to disable one of other devices on this system.

5. Select the Network Reset Option

This code 12 resolution is more specifically for network adapters. Resetting network settings might fix the code 12 error for network adapters.

6. Roll Back Windows to a Restore Point

Some users have confirmed that the code 12 error occurs after a Windows update. So the code 12 issue might be due to a recent update.

You can remove recent updates for Windows with the System Restore tool. The only exception is for major updates such as Patch Tuesday Updates, which you can’t roll back with System Restore.

Those are some of the resolutions that have fixed the code 12 error for some users. If you have another fix the code 12 issue, feel free to share it below.

Still experiencing issues?

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Using The Right File Format For Storing Data

This article was published as a part of the Data Science Blogathon


We are living in an era of data. Every day we generate thousands of terabytes creating thousands and thousands of machine learning and deep learning models day by day to find solutions to modern problems. These problems include future sales prediction, fraudulent activity detection, the presence of diseases in patients, and so on. The accuracy and efficiency of these models highly depend on the data we feed to these models. As we are reaching closer to the era of Artificial Intelligence, the hunger for data for these models is increasing too, to achieve outstanding performance. A deep analysis is done on data and so it is important to structure and maintain the data properly in appropriate ways so that it could be accessed and modified easily.

In this article, we will be going to learn about different file formats. We will learn about how the same data can be stored in different file formats and which file format should be preferred for a specific application. We will also learn about row and columnar ways of storing data, how they two are different from each other and what could be the reason behind choosing one over the other.

Propriety vs Free file formats

A propriety file format is a specific file format that is owned and used by the company. Reading and editing in these file formats require propriety software. This is to ensure that the users cannot read, modify or copy the source code and resell it as their own product.

Free file formats on the other hand are open source and can be read using open-source software. Data present in these file formats can be read, changed, modified by users, and can be used for their own purpose using simple tools and libraries. We will be going to cover only open file formats in this article.

We start with one of the most common and favorite file formats for storing textual data of all time that is CSV.

CSV (Comma Separated Values)

CSV is one of the most common file formats for storing textual data. These files can be opened using a wide variety of programs including Notepad. The reason behind using this format over others is its ability to store complex data in a simple and readable way. Moreover, CSV files offer more security as compared to file formats like JSON. In python, it is easy to read these types of files using a special library called Pandas.

JSON (JavaScript Object Notation)–

It is a standard format for storing textual data based on JavaScript object index. It is basically used for transmitting data in web applications. Unlike CSV, JSON allows you to create a hierarchical structure of your data. JSON allows data to be stored in many data types including strings, arrays, booleans, integers, etc.

JSON formats are easy to integrate with APIs and can store a huge amount of data efficiently. They provide scalability and support to relational data.

import pandas as pd # Reading json file using pandas file_json = pd.read_json("file.json")#replace file with actual file name # printing the top 5 entries present in the csv file print(file_json.head()) XML (Extensible Markup Language)

This file format has a structure similar to HTML and it is used to store data and transfer data without being dependent on software and hardware tools. XML language is Java compatible and any application that is capable of processing it can use your information, whatever the platform is.

import pandas as pd # Reading a xml file using pandas file_xml = pd.read_xml("file.xml")#replace file with actual file name # printing the top 5 entries present in the csv file print(file_xml.head())

Note: Pandas read_xml function is available in the latest pandas version 1.3.0 So you might have to upgrade pandas. You can do that with the below command

pip3 install --upgrade pandas YAML ( YAML Ain’t Markup Language) –

YAML is a data serialization language that is mainly used for human interaction. It is a superset of JSON which means it includes all the features of JSON and more. Unlike other file formats, YAML uses indentation as part of its formatting like python. The benefits of using YAML over other file formats are:

Files are portable and transferable between different programming languages.

Expressive and extensive format

Files support a Unicode set of characters

import pyyaml from yaml.loader import SafeLoader # Open and load the file with open('Sample.yaml') as file: data = yaml.load(file, Loader=SafeLoader) print(data) Parquet

Parquet is a binary file format that allows you to store data in a columnar fashion. Data inside parquet files are similar to RDBMS style tables but instead of accessing one row at a time, we are accessing one column at a time. This is beneficial when we are dealing with millions and billions of records having a very little number of attributes.

import pyarrow.parquet as pq # Read the table using pyarrow table = pq.read_table('example.parquet') # Convert the table to pandas dataframe table = table.to_pandas() # print the table print(table.head()) Row vs columnar file formats

Most of the files we use in our daily life are present in row file formats where we are searching each record before moving to the next. Data present in these formats are easy to read and modify as compared to columnar formats like parquet. But when we are dealing with a huge number of records, simple operations like searching and deletion cost a considerable amount of time. To deal with the problem,  we use columnar file formats

Why use columnar file formats Data compression techniques

Gzip – This file format is used for data and file compression. It is based on DEFLATE algorithm which is based on Huffman and LZ77 coding. This is a lossless way of compression. The amazing thing is that it allows multiple files to be compressed as a single archive. It provides a better compression ratio than other compression formats at the cost of a slower speed. It is the best for storing data that don’t need to be modified frequently.

Snappy – These file formats provide faster compression but fail to provide a better compression ratio than Gzip. However, this compression format can be best suitable to compress data that require frequent modification.


There are various file formats available for storing data and creating your own datasets. But choosing one depend upon the requirements and the type of data. To choose a format that is best suitable for your application, you should at least be aware of the available options. Other than that, you should be aware of your priorities like data security, size of data, speed of operations, etc. For example, if data security is the highest priority it is better to use CSV files over JSON, or maybe choosing propriety file format could be the best option.

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