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American vs European vs Bermudan Options

Know how they are different from one another

Written by

CFI Team

Published October 15, 2023

Updated July 7, 2023

What are American vs European vs Bermudan Options?

There are different types of options that differ in terms of their exercise restrictions. The three basic types are American, European, and Bermudan options. Let’s explore American vs European vs Bermudan options to find out how they are different from one another.

Options are exactly what they sound like – a choice for investors using the stock market. They give investors the choice, but no obligation, to either buy an asset (with a call option) at a predetermined strike price or sell an asset (with a put option) for a specified strike price. Options come with a set period of time during which the option can be exercised and a date when the option is no longer valid (expiration date).


Options are either calls (where the trader can buy shares for a specified strike price) or puts (where the trader can sell short at the specified strike price).

American options allow a trader to exercise their buy or sell an option at any time before the option’s expiration date.

European options specify that a trader can only choose to exercise (or not) his option on the date of expiration.

Bermudan options allow a trader to exercise his option on any of several specified dates before the option expires; thus, Bermudan options are sort of a middle ground between American and European options.

What are American Options?

American options are arguably the best known and most widely used. They include, of course, call and put options. Stock options in US stock markets typically have an expiration period of between three months and one year.

Let’s look at an example. An investor who purchased an American call option in January knows that his option will expire in April. The exact date of expiration is known and is listed in the option contract. His option specifies that he can purchase stock in Company ABC for $30 per share. $30 is the option’s strike price, the price at which the option can be exercised. The value of the option will change, moving in sync with the underlying asset.

The trader sees that the price of the stock is continuing to rise. The stock price climbs to $60 by the end of March. He exercises his option and purchases 100 shares of the stock at the $30 strike price for $3,000. He then turns around and sells his shares at the current market price, receiving $6,000 from the sale (100 shares x $60 per share). He’s made a profit of $3,000 because he was able to sell his shares for double the amount that he purchased them for.

American options are widely used because they offer the most flexible exercise schedule: they can be exercised on any trading day prior to their expiration.

What are European Options?

European options are different because they can’t be exercised before the expiration date. In other words, they can only be exercised on one specific date, which means that traders enjoy much less flexibility in how they handle option trading.

For example, an investor buys a European call option to buy 100 shares of Company ABC, with a strike price of $30 and an expiration date in April. He sees the shares climb to $60 by mid-February. However, unlike the holder of an American-style option, he does not have the freedom to exercise his option at that time – he can only exercise it upon expiration.

Unfortunately, by the time the option’s expiration, or maturity, date rolls around, ABC stock has fallen to $35 a share. He can still exercise his option profitably on the expiration date – buying 100 shares at the $30 strike price and promptly selling them for $35 a share, but his profit is only $500. To determine his net profit, he must subtract the premium, the price he paid for the option, from his $500 gross profit.

European options, for this reason, are typically considered less valuable than American options, and can, therefore, usually be purchased at a discount. Another difference from American options is that European-style options are typically traded over-the-counter (OTC) rather than on an exchange.

It’s important to note that while traders of European options are limited in terms of when they can exercise options, they are still free to sell their options to another trader in the secondary market prior to the option’s expiration. In the example above, the European option trader could’ve realized a significantly higher profit from merely selling his option when the price of the underlying stock surged to $60.

What are Bermudan Options?

Bermudan options are different from both American and European options. The contract for a Bermudan-style option denotes specific days before expiration on which the trader can exercise his option. The specified exercise dates are usually near the time of the option’s expiration date. Thus, Bermudan options fall in between American and European options in terms of how much freedom a trader has to exercise the option.

Let’s use the same scenario as above, that of a trader purchasing a call option on 100 shares of Company ABC stock, with an expiration date in April. A trader with a Bermudan call option can elect to buy shares of Company ABC for $30 per share ($30 is the strike price used in all the examples above).

The only caveat is that he can only exercise his option on four specified days in April, as laid out in the option contract. He has more freedom of exercise than he would with a European option, but still considerably less freedom than he’d have with an American option.

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Cpu Processor Comparison – Intel Core I9 Vs I7 Vs I5 Vs I3

Although they’ve been out for more than a decade now, Intel’s Core lineup, Core i7, Core i5, and Core i3 processors, still feels relatively young. Here, we will review the processors, explain the technologies behind them, look at Intel’s philosophy, and help you decide which processor to buy.

Rather than taking the traditional processor comparison route by showing you a bunch of benchmarks, game performance specs, etc., this review will focus on explaining the “core” of Intel’s core CPU lineup, which also includes the new Core i9 family.

Table of Contents

Although benchmarks are useful for hardcore gamers, they are pretty much useless for the average computer user. This guide should help you pick out a computer, with a good processor for your needs, without having to know what “3DMark” is.

The first thing you may be wondering is if is now a good time to buy a PC with an Intel Core processor? It’s a bit disheartening for anyone to go buy something and find out the next day that the company just released a better model.

Core 2 Duo processors first made their debut in mid-2006. Those processors were still being put out by manufactures in new systems till 2010. Core i7, Core i5, and Core i3 processors have been around since 2008 and aren’t going anywhere. Also, in 2023 Intel has switched from the traditional tick-tock update cycle to the much slower three step process, architecture and optimization cycle.

Previously, every tock would be a major upgrade in terms of speed, efficiency and manufacturing. However, that has proved to be too hard now. The new cycle adds improvements and only every few years will we see major upgrades like going from 14nm to 10nm chips, etc.

Intel gives each new update to its microprocessor architecture a codename. You’ve probably heard names like Broadwell, Haswell, Skylake, Skylake-X, Kaby Lake, Coffee Lake and Cannon Lake. Wikipedia has a nice table here with all of the codenames and release dates. Basically, for the consumer, don’t worry about the next generation chip because it shouldn’t be that big of an upgrade from the current ones on the market.

Core i3

We’ll start at the bottom and work our way up. Core i3 is Intel’s latest budget processor. Even though the Core i3 is the lowest of the bunch, it’s still a very good processor that has received good to outstanding reviews by the majority of experts and customers alike.

In addition, this year is the first year that a Core i3 processor (Coffee Lake) will have 4 cores instead of 2. Each core is basically like its own processor and the more cores you have, the more tasks a computer can do simultaneously.

The other big difference between Core i3 and the higher versions is that Core i3 does not support turbo boost. Turbo boost is the ability to overclock the processor beyond its base clock speed. Also, the latest Coffee Lake i3 processors have dropped hyper-threading.

Should you buy a computer with a Core i3 processor? It depends. If you use your computer for basic tasks such as word processing, email, surfing the web, watching video, etc., a quad-core i3 processor is more than enough to handle all of that with ease. A Core i3 processor is a solid, affordable choice for most people.

Core i5

Core i5 is the latest “mid-range” processor by Intel. A step up from the Core i3, i5 processors will give you a noticeable difference in speed, depending on the type of applications that you run. If you are playing solitaire, you aren’t going to be able to tell a difference between Core i3 and Core i5 processors. If you are editing multiple files in Adobe Photoshop, you will notice the Core i5 can complete tasks faster.

Technically, Core i5 processors are marketed a bit differently. There are three main types of Core i5 Processors: dual core, quad core and now six cores. Dual core i5 processors have 32nm and 22nm technology, hyper threading support, virtualization support, and Turbo Boost technology. Quad core i5 processors have 45nm, 22nm or 14nm technology, virtualization support and Turbo Boost technology, but do not have hyper threading support.

The latest Coffee Lake i5 chips do not support hyper threading also, but have been bumped up to six cores, instead of four.

Should you buy a computer with a Core i5 processor? In most situations, a Core i5 is a safe bet if you can spend the extra cash. Core i5’s offer enough performance to do stuff like video editing and gaming, and more than enough performance to do basic stuff like word processing, internet surfing, and email. A Core i5 processor is a great, mid-range priced processor for people who use their computers frequently and often multi-task.

Core i7

Next, we have the Intel Core i7 processor lineup. Core i7’s were the current top-of-the-line chips, out of all the Core series processors. That is until Core i9 and Core X series chips. However, the Core i7 series is still quite expensive. The Core i7’s also come in several different varieties. The is difference is in the chipset.

The main use for Core i7 processors is major multi-tasking, heavy multimedia tasks, top-notch gaming, and heavy computing tasks. You will see the benefits of an i7 when running a couple of virtual machines or while editing 4K or higher video in Premiere.

The i7 processors also have a larger on-board cache, which lets it perform repetitive tasks more efficiently. Larger caches also mean better multitasking performance.

Should you buy a computer with an i7 processor? For the vast majority of people, it’s overkill. It would be much smarter to go with something like an i5-8600K and spend the savings on a better graphics card or more RAM or even a faster SSD hard drive.

However, if you occasionally perform CPU-intensive tasks or do 2K or 4K gaming, the i7 series is an excellent choice.

Core i9

Last, but not least, we have the new Core i9 series of chips, which are a big change from the rest of the lineup. Firstly, all the i9 chips use the new LG 2066 socket, which require an Intel X299 chipset motherboard.

All of the i9 processors are part of the Core-X series of processors also. There are also Core-X versions of Core i7 and Core i5 processors, though the i9 processors totally crush the i7 and i5 versions in benchmarks.

Should you buy a computer with an i9 processor? Yes, if you want the coolest, fastest and most wicked computer you can own. Just be ready to put down some serious cash. Also, when you get a processor with such high specs, it only makes sense if all the other components are high-end too. You’re talking several thousand dollars here, so i9 is literally for 3D animation, scientific calculations, etc.

Conclusion and Advice

No matter which processor you decide to buy, you’ll be getting a quality processor that will last you a long time. However, every purchase is a balance between cost and performance. My recommendation is to use a site like CPUBenchmark to get details about each processor you are considering.

For example, the top of the line Core i9-7980XE has a terrible CPU value score because of its high cost:

Google Pixel 4A Vs Pixel 4 Camera Shootout: Budget Vs Flagship

Ryan-Thomas Shaw / Android Authority

The Google Pixel 4a has some big boots to fill. Its predecessor, the Pixel 3a, boasted the best camera on a mid-range smartphone by some margin, so much so that it could go toe-to-toe with Google’s flagship phones. Can the Pixel 4a do the same against the aging Pixel 4 series? That’s what we’re about to find out in this Pixel 4a vs Pixel 4 camera shootout!

Be sure to cast your vote on the winner in the poll at the end of the comparison.

Related: Google Pixel 4a vs Pixel 4: Which should you buy?

Google Pixel 4a vs Pixel 4: Camera specs

On the surface, the camera specs are fairly similar between the Pixel 4a and Pixel 4. Both have 12.2MP main cameras and 8MP selfie cameras, but the Pixel 4 also packs a 16MP telephoto camera. This should aid in snapping sharper zoomed-in photos. The Pixel 4 comes with a flagship SoC which results in faster image processing, as well as the Pixel Visual Core which further helps in speeding up processes such as HDR+, portrait mode, and Night Sight. The Pixel 4a doesn’t have either of these and so its processing is slower, resulting in a less seamless user experience.

In these indoor images, the Pixel 4 manages to capture more detail in the canvases. However, a byproduct of this is a lot of noise in the surround of the image. As for the shot of the Gran Turismo collection, both images look so similar that it’s too close to call.

I also tested the portrait mode with both the front and rear cameras in this first set of images. Testing these cameras indoors should provide insight into the noise performance of both devices. In the selfies, the single source of light was a window to my right.

The Pixel 4a’s outdoor sample has a tighter field of view despite both photos being taken at the same distance from the subject. Because of this, there’s more background compression in the 4a’s image. There’s more detail in the Pixel 4a’s shadows, too. However, the Pixel 4’s white balance is more true to life in these images than the Pixel 4a’s.

We’re outside again for these next photo samples. The shot of the danger sign shows the Pixel 4’s stronger natural bokeh coming out as a result of the larger sensor. In the images where I shot up at the tree, it was hard to pick out discrepancies. The Pixel 4 manages to capture just a bit more detail in the shadows, and it also manages to capture a more accurate white balance.

In the dark, the Pixel 4 steams ahead with much better shots using Google’s Night Sight mode. In these images of the side of my house, the Pixel 4a turns the pebble dashing into noise with a pink haze over the top. The Pixel 4 remains shaper even towards the darker bottom half of the wall. The Pixel 4a’s images appear softer in low light, perhaps due to the lack of Pixel Visual Core, which the Pixel 4 is using to help sharpen its images.

Since the Pixel 4 has a 2x telephoto zoom, we decided to compare the zoom capabilities of both. At 2x, the Pixel 4a keeps up with the Pixel 4. However, at 5x the Pixel 4 looks a lot clearer and sharper. This is the Pixel 4’s Super Res Zoom coming into play, which digitally enhances photos taken with the telephoto camera. However, you can see the shift in the Pixel 4’s color temperature when switching from the main camera to the telephoto camera. Since the Pixel 4a relies on a single camera — again boosted by the Super Res Zoom tech — its color temperature doesn’t change throughout the zoom range.

See also: Google Pixel 4a vs iPhone SE camera shootout

Google Pixel 4a vs Pixel 4 camera shootout: The verdict

Which phone takes better photos: the Google Pixel 4a or the Google Pixel 4?

1711 votes

Snowfall Protocol Vs Helium Vs Elrond – Experts Predict The Next Big Mover!

From its inception to this very day, the phenomenon of cryptocurrencies has seen a dramatic surge in acceptability and scalability by the general public. Do you understand that this cannot happen overnight?

There must be an explanation. The reason is that investors have moved to the cryptocurrency market to invest in projects and amass enormous returns since the industry is incredibly lucrative. Over time, conventional financial systems have failed to function, and with the rising economic debacle, people have turned towards the crypto marketplace as a safe haven. No force on this planet can work against you if you understand how to time the market correctly and are familiar with its fundamentals. This article will provide some insightful information on alternative currencies and smaller projects that you might fund to get the riches you’ve always wanted. Buckle up because we’re going to dig deep into this subject. 

Helium (HNT)

Helium requires a high upfront investment. Also worth mentioning is that estimates show a decline in Helium (HNT) ‘s price, and the coin’s high initial cost and probable loss make it seem risky for users and investors.

Snowfall Protocol (SNW)

Digital financial assets that are fungible and non-fungible can be traded via the Snowfall Protocol (SNW) cross-chain token transference environment. The solutions provided by Snowfall Protocol (SNW) are designed to make multi-chain blockchain operations easier to communicate with each other. Snowfall Protocol (SNW) employs a wrapping and swap technique for non-fungible token chain swaps and a normative token bridge for fungible token chain swaps. Snowfall Protocol (SNW) creates software platforms that are easy to use, understand, and put into practice to give the user as much power as possible. Snowfall Protocol’s (SNW) primary goal is to make cryptocurrencies more accessible; to accomplish this, Snowfall Protocol (SNW) will drastically boost the number of users. Snowfall Protocol (SNW) continuously evaluates and improves its user interface to provide its consumers with an exceptional and stress-free encounter. Snowfall Protocol (SNW) intends to be successful in the cryptocurrency market by offering traders an unrivaled and effective decentralized finance (DeFi) platform.

Elrond (EGLD)

Elrond (EGLD) is in charge of the low-energy Secure Proof of Stake arbitration technique. Validators and Delegators stake eGold to protect the infrastructure and gain incentives. The staking procedure is non-custodial, which means you always have absolute control over your funds. Elrond (EGLD) supports the most powerful programming languages, provides versatile instruments, and has comprehensive and authoritative documentation. You may quickly begin and deploy your application on a blockchain optimized for real-world consumption. Elrond (EGLD) is a simple blockchain to incorporate and offers exceptional scalability, high speed, and cheap transaction costs.

The Bottom-Line 

We must carefully evaluate the most lucrative cryptocurrencies and exchanges as market analysts. Trust me when I declare that investors’ interests and those of the Snowfall Protocol (SNW) exchange are compatible. Based on what we know about the operation and growth of Snowfall Protocol (SNW) as a reliable platform, many inferences remain to be made. We can conclude that Snowfall Protocol (SNW) is feasible after a small computation. The stated future and utility of Snowfall Protocol Tokens appear to be a suitable platform for cryptocurrency users as compared to Helium (HNT) and Elrond EGLD). It would not be surprising to see Snowfall Protocol (SNW) rise 50x and 100x in the near future!

For more information about the Snowfall Protocol’s (SNW) Pre-Sale, visit:

Airtag Vs. Tile Mate Vs. Chipolo One Spot: Which Should You Buy?

While Bluetooth trackers have been around for quite some time now, Apple AirTags brought the industry to the spotlight like never before. But can AirTag become a real threat to the current market leaders like Tile’s Mate and Chipolo’s all-new and Find My-exclusive ONE Spot?

Let’s compare all three to find out which is the best Bluetooth tracker to buy right now.

Apple AirTag vs. Tile Mate vs. Chipolo ONE Spot: A competitive analysis

Before we dig deep into the features, strength, and weakness of the three devices, let’s quickly check out their general specifications:

AirTag vs. Tile Mate vs. Chipolo ONE Spot: Market dominance

Bluetooth trackers employ BLE (Bluetooth Low Energy) to connect and transmit data like location to mobile devices wirelessly. In turn, the mobile uses the corresponding app to upload the location onto the cloud.

And when you ping or search the tracker, these location coordinates come in handy. Now, to complete a successful loop, a nearby mobile must have the corresponding app.

In simpler terms, more trackers sold = more mobiles with apps = more chances of finding the app.

The Tile app vs. Find My

Over the years, Tile has built a wide user base on iOS and Android devices, giving it a slight edge over its competitors.

However, when you compare it to the number of iPhone/iPad or Find My users, the scale tips heavily towards AirTags and ONE Spot.

And while Tile may continue leading the Android market, its throne in the iOS market seems to be shaking with the release of AirTag.

AirTag vs. Tile Mate vs. Chipolo ONE Spot: Design

The trio looks quite different from each other. Tile Mate stands apart with a plastic body and square form factor. In contrast, both AirTag and Chipolo ONE Spot sport a circular design.

While Chipolo ONE Spot employs durable plastic, AirTag uses precision-etched polished stainless steel. Further, Apple has designed everything considering the environment. Thus, staying true to its 100% carbon neutral pact.

Apple takes the cake in this department with sleeker looks, better water resistance, and customization options. Oh yes! You can personalize AirTags with your initials or favorite emojis.

A feature missing in AirTags and boasted both by ONE Spot and Tile Mate is the handy built-in keyhole. This will push you to buy some third-party accessories like cases, building up the cost.

AirTag vs. Tile Mate vs. Chipolo ONE Spot: Compatibility

Here’s where the tale takes an interesting twist. AirTag and ONE Spot are designed to work with the Find My app exclusively and are limited to Apple devices.

Whereas, Tile offers separate apps for both iOS and Android devices. And because of Apple’s restricted access to a third-party app, it does not integrate with iOS as seamlessly.

So, you’ll have to choose between seamless integration and multi-platform compatibility.

AirTag vs. Tile Mate vs. Chipolo ONE Spot: Connectivity

While we know that Tile Mate and ONE Spot offer a range of up to 200 ft, Apple has not yet disclosed the range of AirTag. So, we can’t compare the trio on that scale.

However, AirTag sheepishly steps ahead of all its competitors by incorporating the following features:

AirTag vs. Tile Mate vs. Chipolo ONE Spot: Features

The basic features like two-way finder, proximity alert, lost mode, voice command are standard in all three devices.

Tile Mate

Along with Siri, Tile also offers support to Google Assistant and Amazon Alexa.

However, to get all the benefits of Tile Mate, you’ll need a subscription ($2.99/month). This will eventually be a costlier affair.

Chipolo ONE Spot

ONE Spot is the loudest amongst the three and can reach up to 120dB.

It supports Apple’s anti-stalking feature via the Find My App,

Since it works exclusively with the Find My app, the ‘out of range’ alert feature is not supported.

Further, it does not have NFC or U1 wideband, so no proximity sensor.

Apple AirTags

Our verdict: Which Bluetooth tracker is best for you?

Quite like AirPods, AirTag is so well integrated into Apple’s ecosystem that it is the perfect match for any and every iPhone user. More so, if you own multiple Apple devices.

Plus, there isn’t a massive price difference between the trio. And my mind and heart are heavily tilted towards AirTag.

Want to know more about AirTags? Check out these posts:

Author Profile


A self-professed Geek who loves to explore all things Apple. I thoroughly enjoy discovering new hacks, troubleshooting issues, and finding and reviewing the best products and apps currently available. My expertise also includes curating opinionated and honest editorials. If not this, you might find me surfing the web or listening to audiobooks.

Xiaomi 12X Vs Xiaomi 12 Vs Xiaomi 12 Pro – What’s The Difference

The Xiaomi 12X is the only non-flagship device in the series. This is the first time that Xiaomi is launching a sub-flagship model that is almost entirely based on the digital flagship series. The addition of the Xiaomi 12X is confusing to many people. To this end, there have been questions regarding the positioning of this smartphone. Thus, we decided to look at the major differences between these three devices.


The Xiaomi 12X and Xiaomi 12 come with the same display. In fact, these smartphones are similar in many aspects. They are similar in terms of appearance, display, and even main camera. The only difference between the Xiaomi 12X and Xiaomi 12 is in the processor and wireless charging. With regard to their display, Xiaomi 12X and Xiaomi 12 come with a 6.28 inches screen with a resolution of 1080P. This display has DisplayMate A+ certification and a refresh rate of 120Hz.

As for the Xiaomi 12 Pro, it comes with a larger 6.73-inch second-generation low-power E5 screen with a resolution of 3200 x 1440. Just like the other models, this device supports a 120Hz high refresh rate but it supports LTPO 2.0 smart refresh rate technology. Furthermore, this display also has DisplayMate A+ certification.

Processor Camera

Again, the Xiaomi 12 and 12X come with the same 50MP main camera. They also have a 13MP ultra-wide angle sensor as well as a 5MP telephoto sensor. However, the Xiaomi 12 Pro comes with a 50MP main camera, 50MP super wide-angle sensor, and a 50MP portrait camera with 8K video capacity

Battery and Charging

Just like the display and camera, the Xiaomi 12 and 12X come with the same 4500 mAh battery that supports 67W charging. However, the Xiaomi 12X does not support wireless charging while the Xiaomi 12 supports 50W wireless charging and 10W reverse charging. As for the Xiaomi 12 Pro, it comes with a 4600 mAh battery that supports 120W wired charging, 50W wireless fast charging, 10W reverse charging.


All three smartphones come with MIUI 13 out of the box.

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Price, Colour, and Availability

All three smartphones are available on pre-order from today. However, the first official sales will take place on December 31st. As of now, these smartphones are available only in China. There is no information on their global availability for now.

Xiaomi 12 (Black, Blue, and Purple colours) – Glass back and Green vegan leather versions

8GB + 128GB – 3,699 yuan ($580)

8GB + 256GB – 3,999 yuan ($627)

12GB + 256GB – 4,399 yuan ($690)

Xiaomi 12 Pro (Black, Blue, and Purple colours) – Glass back and Green vegan leather version

8GB + 128GB – 4,699 yuan ($737)

8GB + 256GB – 4,999 yuan ($785)

12GB + 256GB – 5,399 yuan ($847)

Xiaomi 12X (Black, Blue, and Purple colours)

8GB + 128GB – 3,199 yuan ($502)

8GB + 256GB – 3,499 yuan ($549)

12GB + 256GB – 3799 yuan ($596)

Full specification list for the Xiaomi 12, Xiaomi 12 Pro and Xiaomi 12 X Xiaomi 12 specifications

6.28-inch (2400 x 1080 pixels) Full HD+ AMOLED 20:9 HDR10 + display, 120Hz refresh rate, up to 1100 nits brightness, 5,000,000:1 (Min) contrast ratio, HDR10+, Dolby Vision, Corning Gorilla Glass Victus protection

Octa Core Snapdragon 8 Gen 1 4nm Mobile Platform with Adreno next-gen GPU

8GB LPPDDR5 RAM with 128GB / 256GB (UFS 3.1) storage / 12GB LPPDDR5 RAM 256GB UFS 3.1 storage

Dual SIM (nano + nano)

MIUI 13 based on Android 11

50MP rear camera with 1/ 1.56″ Sony IMX766 sensor, f/1.88 aperture, OIS, LED flash, 13MP 123° ultra-wide angle lens with f/2.4 aperture, 5MP telemacro camera with f/2.4 aperture, 8K video recording

32MP front-facing camera with 80.5 Fov

In-display fingerprint sensor, Infrared sensor

USB Type-C audio, Hi-Res audio, Dual speakers, Harman Kardon tuning, Dolby Atmos

Dimensions: 152.7×69.9×8.16mm; Weight: 180g (glass) /179g (leather)

5G SA/NSA,Dual 4G VoLTE, Wi-Fi 6E 802.11 ax, Bluetooth 5.2, GPS (L1 + L5), NavIC, USB Type-C

4500mAh (Typical) battery with 67W wired fast charging, 50W wireless second charge / 10W Wireless rechargeable

Xiaomi 12 Pro specifications

6.73-inch (3200 x 1440 pixels) 2K AMOLED 20:9 HDR10 + display, 1-120Hz refresh rate, 480Hz touch sampling rate, up to 1500 nits brightness, 8,000,000:1 (Min) contrast ratio, HDR10+, Dolby Vision, Corning Gorilla Glass Victus protection

Octa Core Snapdragon 8 Gen 1 4nm Mobile Platform with Adreno next-gen GPU

8GB LPPDDR5 RAM with 128GB / 256GB (UFS 3.1) storage / 12GB LPPDDR5 RAM 256GB UFS 3.1 storage

Dual SIM (nano + nano)

MIUI 13 based on Android 11

50MP rear camera with 1/ 1.28″ Sony IMX707 sensor, f/1.9 aperture, OIS, LED flash, 50MP Samsung JN1 115° ultra-wide angle lens with f/2.2 aperture, 50MP Samsung JN1 2x portrait camera with f/1.9 aperture, 48mm focal length, 8K video recording

32MP front-facing camera

In-display fingerprint sensor, Infrared sensor

USB Type-C audio, Hi-Res audio, Dual speakers, Harman Kardon tuning, Dolby Atmos

Dimensions: 163.6×74.6×8.16mm; Weight: 205g (glass) / 204g (leather)

5G SA/NSA,Dual 4G VoLTE, Wi-Fi 6E 802.11 ax, Bluetooth 5.2, GPS (L1 + L5), NavIC, USB Type-C

4600mAh (Typical) battery with 120W wired fast charging, 50W wireless second charge / 10W Wireless rechargeable

Xiaomi 12X specifications

6.28-inch (2400 x 1080 pixels) Full HD+ AMOLED 20:9 HDR10 + display, 120Hz refresh rate, up to 1100 nits brightness, 5,000,000:1 (Min) contrast ratio, HDR10+, Dolby Vision, Corning Gorilla Glass Victus protection

Octa Core (1 x 3.2GHz + 3 x 2.42GHz + 4 x 1.8GHz Hexa) Snapdragon 870 7nm Mobile Platform with Adreno 650 GPU

8GB LPPDDR5 RAM with 128GB / 256GB (UFS 3.1) storage / 12GB LPPDDR5 RAM 256GB UFS 3.1 storage

Dual SIM (nano + nano)

MIUI 13 based on Android 11

50MP rear camera with 1/ 1.56″ Sony IMX766 sensor, f/1.88 aperture, OIS, LED flash, 13MP 123° ultra-wide angle lens with f/2.4 aperture, 5MP telemacro camera with f/2.4 aperture, 8K video recording

32MP front-facing camera with 80.5 Fov

In-display fingerprint sensor, Infrared sensor

USB Type-C audio, Hi-Res audio, Dual speakers, Harman Kardon tuning, Dolby Atmos

Dimensions: 152.7×69.9×8.16mm; Weight: 176g

5G SA/NSA,Dual 4G VoLTE, Wi-Fi 6 802.11 ax, Bluetooth 5.1, GPS (L1 + L5), NavIC, USB Type-C

4500mAh (Typical) battery with 67W wired fast charging

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