Trending March 2024 # Hardware Today: Looking Ahead, Our Top 10 List For 2004 # Suggested April 2024 # Top 9 Popular

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While that might seem vaguely positive, the outlook for changes to the enterprise hardware landscape amounts to more than a simple yes or no question. So we looked inward and spoke with vendors and analysts to come up with what believe will be the 10 underlying trends for the server hardware landscape in 2004.

1. More Servers in the Rack, Virtually: Dickens aficionados (or those who recently endured a meager holiday meal) may recall Tiny Tim’s optimistic attempts to turn a single pea into a full-course family meal. Virtualization aims for the same magic, dividing CPU power between resource-hungry tasks. In 2004, virtualization will be used to optimize a wider array of applications, according to Mike Mullany, vice president of marketing for VMware. This year, the technique was applied primarily to file, print, DNS, and DHCP servers. With new capabilities available in virtualization products, says Mullany, in 2004, CIOs will deploy virtualization en masse in a wider general IT infrastructure, virtualizing a diverse assortment of products from Exchange servers to business processing and ERP applications.

2. Viruses and Spam in One Convenient Package: Viruses and spam set new records in 2003. They will not abate in 2004 and instead will begin coordinating their efforts. According to Chris Belthoff, senior analyst at Sophos, the recently enacted CAN-SPAM Act will have little luck canning spam, but it may have the unwanted consequence of pushing virus authors and spam senders into closer cahoots. “The convergence of spam and viruses will likely continue in 2004,” says Belthoff, “with more and more attempts to use viruses to set up networks of machines capable of sending out the spammers’ messages.” Belthoff believes spam’s new status of illegality may cause Hotmail and Yahoo! to crack down, forcing increased spammer reliance on viruses (e.g., trojans) that transform increasing numbers of innocent machines into unwitting spam servers, which Belthoff grimly refers to as “spam zombies.”

3. Cost Cutting to Survive “Upturn”: A continued lack of spending enthusiasm may have vendors thinking it’s the CIOs who have become zombies. Signs of economic optimism, like IDC reporting two consecutive quarters of increased server sales, will not dramatically increase 2004 hardware spending. Cost cutting measures like increased virtualization and Linux deployments are on the rise, and a wider outsourcing trend is developing, as evidenced by recent moves like IBM’s $600 million ING outsource contract. And with 2006 now the projected release date for Longhorn, administrators who time upgrades with new Microsoft releases may focus on making more with what they have in 2004.

4. Linux to Continue Its Growth Spurt: Precluding a swell in sales of alpha versions of Longhorn on the black market, the new Microsoft operating’s far-off release date provides another shot in the arm for Linux. Red Hat’s faster release cycle may prove a valuable edge over Microsoft. If the popular Linux vendor can continue to shake off SCO’s legal challenges, Linux will likely score major victories in the operating system turf wars looming for 2004. CIOs are increasingly granting the open source operating system their trust, as evidenced by IDC’s report of 49.8 percent growth in factory revenue and 51.4 percent growth in unit shipments year-over-year for the third quarter. Red Hat’s new 2.6.0 Linux kernel will better serve multiprocessor and 64-bit server environments, which will increase its general appeal, as will Linus Torvalds’ recent official blessing on the 2.6.0 kernel.

6. More Blades Round Out the Arsenal: Commodity visions like Carr’s also ignore the micro-level diversity inherent in the server room. Server blades are a great example of this. Gartner predicts that by year-end 2008, blades will achieve standardization on the major component level (e.g., chip sets, power supplies, fans, and backplanes). However, an overall interoperable standard for blades isn’t yet on the road map. Such standards run contrary to the business needs of major vendors as they allow too-cheap competition into the arena. For 2004, Gartner, anticipates reductions in premium pricing, increased clarity for heat generation and power consumption issues, and blade virtualization capabilities that will push blades out of their niche market status.

8. Appliance Computing to Continue Its Decline: Sometimes even the most confident predictions can prove wrong. Sun’s recently completed demolition of its Cobalt line marks the end of the not-long-ago highly touted appliance computing trend, which demonstrates the industry’s wider acceptance of the low, but not quite that low, end x86 market. Sun’s confident end-of-lifing of the line for which it traded around $2 billion in stock more than hints at Auld Lang Syne for appliance computing.

9. More Modular, Less Mainframe: Mainframes may be moving toward being another “old acquaintance” best forgotten. IDC’s 2003 third-quarter report showed small and midrange servers revenue increasing as high-end revenue declined. Trends toward utility computing and outsourcing amplify this, as the room for error in pay-as-you-go models may be too small for questions like “Will we need to lease another mainframe this quarter?”

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Windows 10 Update Kb4579311 Releases For Version 2004

Microsoft is making available the update KB4579311 for PCs running Windows 10 version 2004. This is the ninth quality update available for this version, and it’s a small update that addresses several problems.

KB4579311 bumps the version number to build 19041.572, and according to the software giant, fixes a problem with verifying usernames and password, and improves security for Office apps and Windows performs basic operations. (Since version 2004 and 20H2 share the same core file system, both versions are receiving the same fixes.)

Microsoft has announced KB4579311 in the Windows support site, and it’s referred as “October 13, 2023—KB4579311 (OS Build 19041.572).” If you’re already running the Windows 10 May 2023 Update, this update will address these problems:

Addresses an issue with creating null ports using the user interface.

Fixes a problem with a possible elevation of privilege in win32k.

Addresses an issue with the Group Policy service that might recursively delete critical files in alphabetic order from %systemroot%systm32.

Security updates to Windows App Platform and Frameworks, Microsoft Graphics Component, Windows Media, Windows Fundamentals, Windows Authentication, Windows Virtualization, and Windows Kernel.

You can download the updates to install them manually for version 2004 with the links below:

Microsoft has announced KB4577671 in the Windows support site, and it’s referred as “October 13, 2023—KB4577671 (OS Builds 18362.1139 and 18363.1139).” If you’re already running the Windows 10 November 2023 Update or May 2023 Update on your device, this quality update will fix these issues:

Security updates to Windows App Platform and Frameworks, Microsoft Graphics Component, Windows Media, Windows Fundamentals, Windows Authentication, Windows Virtualization, and Windows Kernel.

Addresses an issue with the Group Policy service that might recursively delete critical files the System32 folder.

Fixes a problem with creating null ports using the user interface.

Addresses an issue with a possible elevation of privilege in win32k.

Microsoft has also announced KB4577668 in the Windows support site, and it’s referred as “October 13, 2023—KB4577668 (OS Build 17763.1518).” If you’re already running the October 2023 Update on your computer, this update will address these problems:

Fixes a problem that causes apps that use Dynamic Data Exchange (DDE) to stop responding when closing the app.

Addresses an issue with the Group Policy service that might recursively delete critical files in alphabetic order from the System32 folder.

Fixes a problem with a possible elevation of privilege in win32k.

Security patches for vulnerabilities in Windows App Platform and Frameworks, Microsoft Graphics Component, Windows Media, Windows Shell, Windows Cloud Infrastructure, Windows Fundamentals, Windows Authentication, Windows Virtualization, Windows Kernel, and Windows Storage and Filesystems.

The April 2023 Update (version 1803) has reached the end of support on November 12, 2023, but the company has released update KB4580330 to address problems while bumping the version number to build 17134.1792.

The version 1709 (Fall Creators Update) is no longer supported, but organizations running the Enterprise or Education edition of Windows 10 are getting update KB4580328 to address a several issues and bumps the version number to 16299.2166.

In addition, Microsoft has ended support for Windows 10 version 1703 (Creators Update), but organizations with computers still running this release can now download KB4580370, which resolves a few issues. Also, the update ramps the version number to build 15063.2525.

Windows 10 Anniversary Update (version 1607) is getting update KB4580346 to address serveral issues, even though operating system is no longer supported, and the quality update bumps the version number to build 14393.3986. 

Finally, the original release of Windows 10 (version 1507) is getting update KB4580327. The release increase the version number to 10240.18725 and fixes several problems.

If the KB4579311 update is causing issues on your device, you can always uninstall it to revert the changes.

To uninstall KB4579311, or any other update, use these steps:

Open Start.

Type the following command to view the update history and press Enter:

wmic qfe list brief /format:table

Check the Windows Update history of your device, and identify the update by its HotFixID and InstalledOn information.

Type the following command to uninstall the update from your computer and press Enter:

wusa /uninstall /kb:4579311

In the command, replace “4579311” for KB number that correspond to the update that you’re trying to uninstall. For example, if you’re trying to uninstall update KB4579311, then the number that you can have to use in the command is “4579311.”

Continue with the on-screen directions (if applicable).

Once you complete the steps, the recently installed update will be removed from your computer fixing any issues as a result of the release.

If your computer won’t boot after installing KB4579311, you can remove update from the Advanced startup environment using these steps.

Top 10 Cryptocurrencies To Buy & Invest In Today In May 2023

These are the cryptocurrencies with the best growth potential after the market crash.

Cryptocurrency is making headlines every day and recently it was all over the news owing to a

Best Performing Cryptocurrencies

So the question that arises now is, what are the best cryptocurrencies to invest in after the market crash? One way to measure that is by its market cap. While it’s easy to observe the real-time price of a crypto, it doesn’t tell the investor the full story. As per the market cap, here are the best cryptos to buy today, in May 2023.  

1. Bitcoin (BTC)

Market Cap: $732 billion Bitcoin’s price increased from under $1,000 to over $60,000 since its arrival in 2023. Due to a tweet made by Elon Musk about Tesla not accepting Bitcoin anymore, the value fell down last week. But that’s no reason to ignore the huge market cap it still holds. Bitcoin’s price today is $39,328.  

2. Ethereum (ETH)

Market Cap: $304 billion In the course of 2023 and 2023, Etherum’s price increased from $200 to approximately $3,000. In May, it broke its own record and reached a high of $4,350 before falling down this week. Etherum’s price today is $2,647.  

3. Binance Coin (BNB)

Market Cap: $59.2 billion Binance Coin made by the

4. Tether (USDT)

Market Cap: $58.4 billion Tether is known as the leader of

5. Cardano (ADA)

Market Cap: $52.3 billion Cardano is one of the most affordable and promising cryptocurrencies in the market today. In early 2023, Cardano’s price grew to be around $2 after starting from $0.10. It faced the market fluctuations better than many other coins but ultimately plummeted about 20%. Cardano’s price today is $1.63  

6. Dogecoin (DOGE)

Market Cap: $46.7 billion The meme-cryptocurrency reached its all-time high of $0.70 in April 2023. Following the Dogeking, Elon Musk’s Saturday Night Live appearance, it did fall slightly but jumped back to join its peers with rising prices. Dogecoin’s price today is $0.38  

7. Ripple (XRP)

Market Cap: $41.3 billion While Ripple was a no-show for most of 2023 and 2023, it only grew to hit the $0.60 value in 2023. After the market’s crash, Ripple’s price today is $1.17  

8. Polkadot (DOT)

Market Cap: $26.6 billion Launched in 2023, Polkadot is relatively new crypto that was trading for a nickel’s value until it shot up to approximately $41 recently. But the market crash did no favors to the price. Polkadot’s price today is $27.  

9. Internet Computer (ICP)

Market Cap: 15.6 billion If you haven’t heard of ICP, it is understandable because it was launched in the market in May 2023. But since its launch, it jumped to the top 10 biggest market cap list. The value increased from zero to $488 within a day. Internet Computer’s price today is $125.  

10. Bitcoin Cash (BCH)

Market Cap: $14.5 billion

Cryptocurrency is making headlines every day and recently it was all over the news owing to a big market crash after China bans cryptocurrency use . When the news broke out, all the cryptos went red and have since recovered slowly. Bitcoin, the highest-valued cryptocurrency shot down by more than 23% to $30,415, its lowest value this year. Other cryptocurrencies also followed the unfortunate pattern with Ethereum reduced by 22%, Binance Coin dropping 24%, Cardano by 19%, and the popular Dogecoin by 24%. When the news about China’s crypto crackdown crashed the cryptocurrency market , a report from JP Morgan emerged that investors were letting go of Bitcoins for gold. This gave the market more of a reason to plummet. But amidst all this, the anti-Elon Musk cryptocurrency, StopElon, soared more than 1,800%.So the question that arises now is, what are the best cryptocurrencies to invest in after the market crash? One way to measure that is by its market cap. While it’s easy to observe the real-time price of a crypto, it doesn’t tell the investor the full story. As per the market cap, here are the best cryptos to buy today, in May 2023.Bitcoin’s price increased from under $1,000 to over $60,000 since its arrival in 2023. Due to a tweet made by Elon Musk about Tesla not accepting Bitcoin anymore, the value fell down last week. But that’s no reason to ignore the huge market cap it still holds. Bitcoin’s price today is $39,328.In the course of 2023 and 2023, Etherum’s price increased from $200 to approximately $3,000. In May, it broke its own record and reached a high of $4,350 before falling down this week. Etherum’s price today is $2,647.Binance Coin made by the crypto exchange Binance was launched in 2023 and slowly reached the $60 per coin mark. In February 2023, the value shot up to about $600. Seeing the same fate as every other crypto in the market during the crash, Binance Coin’s price today is $364.Tether is known as the leader of “stable coins” in the market. The value of stable coins is linked to a currency, and for Tether it is the US dollar. So the value of one Tether will always be $1, no fluctuations there.Cardano is one of the most affordable and promising cryptocurrencies in the market today. In early 2023, Cardano’s price grew to be around $2 after starting from $0.10. It faced the market fluctuations better than many other coins but ultimately plummeted about 20%. Cardano’s price today is $1.63The meme-cryptocurrency reached its all-time high of $0.70 in April 2023. Following the Dogeking, Elon Musk’s Saturday Night Live appearance, it did fall slightly but jumped back to join its peers with rising prices. Dogecoin’s price today is $0.38While Ripple was a no-show for most of 2023 and 2023, it only grew to hit the $0.60 value in 2023. After the market’s crash, Ripple’s price today is $1.17Launched in 2023, Polkadot is relatively new crypto that was trading for a nickel’s value until it shot up to approximately $41 recently. But the market crash did no favors to the price. Polkadot’s price today is $27.If you haven’t heard of ICP, it is understandable because it was launched in the market in May 2023. But since its launch, it jumped to the top 10 biggest market cap list. The value increased from zero to $488 within a day. Internet Computer’s price today is $125.Bitcoin Cash and Bitcoin are not the same. In terms of the value, Bitcoin Cash had a big goal to reach, when compared to Bitcoin. In 2023, it reached a high of $4,000 and then settled at $400 for the later years. Recently, the value increased to $1,500 but has been steadily declining and now stands at $770 today.

Windows 10 2004 Security Baseline Has 4 Settings Changes

Windows 10 2004 security baseline has 4 settings changes

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Microsoft announced new changes to Windows 10 2004 security baseline.

The updates touch on password length policies, Microsoft Defender ATP, and more Windows security features.

To discover other ways to optimally secure your PC, check out the Windows 10 Security section.

You can always stop by the Windows 10 for news and all matters updates pertaining to the operating system and Windows apps, including Microsoft Office.

Applying best practices to your Windows 10 security is no easy task, even with all the antivirus tools available to you, including Microsoft Defender Advanced Threat Protection (MDATP).

But the Microsoft security baseline can make things a lot easier for you when you’re configuring your environment to minimize its attack surface.

Well, Microsoft recently released the fundamental security configuration settings for Windows 10 and Windows Server 2004.

1. Extended Protection for LDAP Authentication

Microsoft has updated the MS Security Guide to make Extended Protection for LDAP Authentication part of Windows. The setting isn’t new though as it came with the Windows Server v1809 Domain Controller baseline.

With the latest security baseline changes, you can use Extended Protection for LDAP Authentication without having to create a custom ADMX. In addition, the policy is available to all Active Directory domain controllers.

The Extended Protection for LDAP Authentication baseline value remains the same though. Only its location has changed.

However, you need to have installed the March 10, 2023 security patch to configure the policy on Windows 10.

2. Microsoft Defender ATP file hash

MDATP users now have the option to turn on file hashing and enhance blocking for custom indicators in the Windows antivirus.

When the new setting is on, Windows computes a file hash for every executable file that MDATP scans.

But there’s a catch—MDATP file hashing may slow down your PC. It’ll certainly take a toll on your machine if you frequently install or develop executables or update your applications.

Microsoft explains:

The scenarios where you may want to test more thoroughly for performance include devices where you frequently create new executable content (for example, developers) or where you install or update applications extremely frequently.

The tool mitigates the performance impact by generating file hashes only once for each scanned executable. Still, you may want to keep the new setting off if you don’t use Microsoft Defender ATP.

If you really have to use the setting, Microsoft recommends that you implement it in a controlled manner. This will allow you to do a thorough performance cost analysis.

3. Windows 10 Account Password Length

Microsoft appears very committed to building systems that require no passwords to access. You can tell that from the latest improvements on features like Windows Hello.

After deprecating the Windows 10 account password expiry policy, the Redmond tech giant introduced two new password security settings.

Relax minimum password length limits is one of the new settings, and it allows admins to enforce user password lengths of up to 128 characters. Before this update, users couldn’t set passwords longer than 14 characters.

Longer passwords are obviously more difficult to guess and are an important safeguard against brute force attacks.

Microsoft says that the new setting may be incompatible with existing systems and processes, however. That’s why there’s the new Minimum password length audit setting.

The additional feature lets you assess the impact of changing your password length policy. Apart from that, it includes three new SAM events for configuration, errors, and awareness.

This way, you’re less likely to change your password length policies oblivious of the damage the changes may cause to other Windows systems.

Nonetheless, the new policy isn’t part of the security baseline for Windows 10 2004.

4. Behavior Monitoring

Microsoft doesn’t think Behavior Monitoring requires enforcement, so it removed it from the security baseline. As a result, the feature is no longer in its usual location.

Microsoft added:

We are removing Computer ConfigurationAdministrative TemplatesWindows ComponentsMicrosoft Defender AntivirusReal-time ProtectionTurn on behavior monitoring.

Besides announcing the security baseline changes, Microsoft revealed that it will be releasing updates for LGPO and Policy Analyzer.

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Onedrive Stuck On Looking For Changes Screen?

OneDrive stuck on Looking for changes screen? [Full Fix]

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If OneDrive is stuck on Looking for changes screen, try applying the solutions below.

When they fail to work or you simply lack the time for troubleshooting, chúng tôi comes in handy.

Keep in mind that there are plenty of other cross-platform cloud backup services to pick from.

Whether you are looking for similar solutions or just general tips, we have you covered with this OneDrive Troubleshooting Hub.

Even though OneDrive is probably the best-suited cloud service for Windows 10, issues like stuck on Looking for changes… or Processing changes can render it completely unusable.

Users reported that they’re unable to sync anything on their OneDrive desktop client due to this inexplicable issue.

Luckily, we prepared a few possible solutions to this problem. If you’re having a hard time with this issue, make sure to check the steps below.

What can I do if OneDrive is stuck on Looking for changes? 1. Unlink account and link it again

First, let’s start with the obvious. Since OneDrive is, as the majority of other cloud-storage services are, a multiplatform application, there’s a chance that something went astray with the account.

Namely, the user account that’s linked to multiple OneDrive applications, can run into a halt occasionally. What you’ll need to do is to simply unlink account and link it again.

This is analog to sign out/sign in troubleshooting, and it should help you resolve this or similar issues. Follow the instructions above in order to do so.

On the other hand, if your OneDrive desktop client is still stuck Looking for changes even after you’ve taken these steps, make sure to continue with the additional solutions.

2. Use a different cloud storage provider

If you are looking for the best OneDrive alternative, there are thankfully plenty of worthwhile storage software with similar features and lower error rates.

You will find up-to-standard cloud storage software for Windows that have great security and plenty of management and sharing features.

We recommend two-factor authentication, and generous storage space. Also, make sure that the software supports the file types you work with.

Many cloud storage services include task management and collaboration tools to help you maintain a good workflow, so switching will not be a hassle even if you use OneDrive for professional purposes.

3. Delete 0-byte files

Open your OneDrive folder on local PC storage.

Press F3 to instantly access the Search bar.

Type the following line in the search bar:

size: 0

If you see any search results that are 0 bytes in size, make sure to delete them.

Look for changes.

Now, some users reported that the problem is in, believe it or not, 0-bytes ghost files. Many applications store files that are empty and of no use.

Now, if there’s no size and the file is empty, OneDrive will have a hard time uploading it to online storage from your PC’s local storage.

This will cause a never-ending loop of the file processing and you’ll be stuck for ages.

So, basically, your next task is to navigate to the OneDrive folder, locate and delete empty, 0-bytes files. Afterward, you can restart your PC and give OneDrive another try.

Furthermore, if you’re having issues with a lot of temporary files, make sure to check this useful article on how to deal with those by using solely Windows resources.

4. Run OneDrive troubleshooter

Download the OneDrive Troubleshooting tool.

Run the tool and choose Next.

Wait until the process is finished and check for the error resolution.

Windows 10 issues can also be addressed with pre-installed or downloadable troubleshooting tools.

Expert tip:

This troubleshooter should scan for possible errors, restart related services, and, hopefully, resolve all issues. If this tool fell short, make sure to check additional steps.

5. Change the sync folder location

Yes, surely, you’ll lose a lot of time by changing the sync folder location. If your bandwidth is slow and you have a lot of files, it can take some time for OneDrive to re-sync them again.

For more information on how you can increase bandwidth on Windows 10, check out this guide.

However, changing the syn folder location is probably the most reliable solution for this peculiar OneDrive problem.

Namely, by changing the sync folder, you should be able to start the sync procedure again. That way, by adding file by file to the upload queue, you can confirm which exact file caused the OneDrive halt and remove it accordingly.

Follow the instructions above to change the sync folder location in OneDrive.

For the majority of users, this proved as the most viable solution. On the contrary, if you’re still unable to get OneDrive to start with updating, there are still other solutions to take into consideration.

6. Reset OneDrive

%localappdata%MicrosoftOneDriveonedrive.exe /reset

Before you move to reinstallation, which is possible after the major Windows 10 updates, you should try resetting. In order to do so, you’ll need to use the elevated Command Prompt line.

Hopefully, the uploading halt will be fixed and you’ll be able to upload your files just like before.

7. Reinstall OneDrive

In the Windows Search bar, type

Control

and choose

Control Panel.

In

Category

view, open

Uninstall a program.

Uninstall OneDrive and restart your PC.

and run the installer.

After the procedure finishes, log in and check for improvements.

Finally, if none of the aforementioned steps make it work, the reinstallation is the only remaining solution that crosses our minds.

Luckily, OneDrive isn’t any more a non-removable part of Windows 10 so it’s much easier to address possible errors and bugs.

In addition, the installation files are always there so you won’t need to download anything and can reinstall OneDrive from the AppData any given day.

Update: Microsoft support has released an official guide here with more possible resolutions as the problem has various causes and was encountered by many users in different scenarios.

This should resolve your problem. In case you’re still unable to run OneDrive, you can always get rid of it and switch to an alternative. We enlisted some viable OneDrive alternatives in this efficient article.

This should conclude it. We hope you were able to move from the Looking for changes screen with the solutions we provided above.

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Feral Hogs Aren’t Coming For Our Kids, But They’re Definitely Coming For Our Calves

Feral hogs are stirring up trouble.

In the U.S. alone, an estimated seven million such pigs are spread across 35 states, where the omnivorous swine tear up soil and habitats looking for something—anything—to eat. They cause $2 billion in damage every year, according to the USDA, and can spread disease to domestic pigs and humans alike.

They are also an understudied threat to livestock, according to a study published Tuesday in the journal PLOS-Biology. In the paper, two wildlife scientists from Clemson University make the case that non-carnivorous animals such as feral hogs and elephants should be included in policies aimed at controlling more classic examples of livestock predators like wolves, coyotes, and lions.

“There are so many accounts of species doing damage,” says Christie Sampson, co-author and post-doc researcher at Clemson. “Let’s expand the conversation beyond carnivores.”

Around the world, large carnivores from bears to lynxes attack and eat thousands of livestock animals to the dismay of farmers. In 2010 (the most recent year for which this data is available), animal predators killed 220,000 cattle and calves, 247,000 sheep, and 554,000 goats—at a total cost of $138 million to farmers and ranchers, according to the USDA.

Little attention has been paid to them by the scientific community, but there are also examples of livestock attacks or losses by non-predator animals like buffalo in Kenya, baboons in Tanzania, the Kea parrot in New Zealand, and all manner of vultures, eagles, and crows worldwide. Because there are few studies documenting their frequency or cost, researchers believe they’re relatively uncommon. But when it comes to Asian and African elephants and feral hogs, the new paper claims, fatal livestock attacks aren’t rare at all.

Poultry and bovids like cattle, buffalo, and oxen can become collateral damage in a 12,000-pound elephant’s quest for food in agricultural fields or stores of grain. One survey of Kenyan cattle herders found 25 percent of them reported losing farm animals to elephants, and another conducted in Myanmar found the same rate of participants viewed the animal as a danger to their livestock. Several villages in that study recounted elephant-related losses between $550 and $800—one-third to half their annual salaries.

But hogs don’t just carelessly harm other animals on their way to find a vegetarian meal; they’re known to prey on calves and lamb for food. South Carolina is home to a steadily growing population of between 130,000 and 140,000 wild hogs that cause $263,000 dollars in livestock damage throughout the state, according to the study. In Texas a whopping 2 million feral pigs go after a variety of animals, though officials say it’s hard to detect such crimes “because hogs often eat the entire animal, leaving little or no evidence.”

“They’ll eat just about anything,” says Shari Rodriguez, an associate professor at Clemson and co-author of the study.

Decades of research have tried to minimize the impact of large, well-known carnivores by shooting them, using enclosures to protect livestock, or warding off unwanted animals with guard dogs or other deterrents (like scarecrows). But these practices—and studies of their effectiveness—are often limited to coyotes, wolves, and lions. Farmers and ranchers dealing with elephants or feral hogs are left with few proven strategies.

And while government-approved lethal and non-lethal removal is common for invasive swine, the situation is much more complicated for African and Asian elephants, which are ecologically imperiled. For those species, research could help unpack how elephants’ agricultural damage might affect local communities’ willingness to support conservation initiatives.

Rodriguez and Sampson say they believe some of the methods tested for large carnivores—electric fencing or guard dogs, for example—could be useful for hogs and elephants.

“Why reinvent the wheel?” Rodriguez says.

And when it comes to whether it’s a good idea to arm yourself and face off with dozens of feral hogs? Probably not, Rodriguez says.

“They don’t kill people. It’s very uncommon,” she says.“It’s getting a little blown out of proportion.”

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