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In Windows 11/10, you can view NTFS permissions in different ways. Many third-party tools or software are available that will help you check NTFS permissions on your Windows computer. In addition to this, you can also use the command line tool. In this article, we will show you how to check NTFS Permissions using Command-line or Tool.

How to check NTFS Permissions using Command-line or Free tools

To check NTFS Permissions using Command-line or Tool, you can use Windows PowerShell and other free software. We have listed all these tools below.

Windows PowerShell

Microsoft’s AccessEnum

Folder Security Viewer

Permissions Reporter from Key Metric Software

NTFS Permissions Reporter from CJWDEV

Let’s see how to use all these tools to check NTFS permissions on Windows 11/10.

1] Windows PowerShell

Windows PowerShell is a built-in command line tool that comes pre-installed in all Windows computers. You can use this tool to check NTFS permissions. The command that is used to check NTFS permissions in PowerShell is Get-Acl. We will explain here how to use this command in PowerShell in different scenarios.

First of all, launch Windows PowerShell. There are different ways to open Windows PowerShell. The easiest method is to open it via Windows Search.

You can use the Get-Acl command with and without parameters. If you use it without any parameters, Windows will show you the NTFS permissions for the current working directory. For example, if I want to check the NTFS permissions for the folder located inside my D drive, the command is:

Get-Acl D:foldername

Replace the folder name in the above command with the name of your folder. If the folder name has spaces, you have to type it in quotations. For example, if the folder name is New folder, then the command will become:

Get-Acl D:"New Folder"

Now, let’s see how to use the Get-Acl command with different parameters. In all the commands, we will use the New folder as the folder name. Replace the New folder with the name of your folder.

If you use the Format-List parameter, you will see the detailed permissions as shown in the above screenshot. The command Get-Acl with the Format-List parameter is as follows:

The Select -ExpandProperty Access or .Access parameters give you a more detailed view of NTFS permissions, like file system rights, access control type, inheritance flags, etc. (refer to the above screenshot). Both the parameters give you the same result but commands to use both these parameters are different. The commands are given below:

(Get-Acl D:"New Folder").Access

You can use any of the above commands to get more detailed NTFS permissions.

The parameter ft -AutoSize gives the NTFS permissions output in a table format. The command Get-Acl with the ft -AutoSize parameter is used as follows:

If you want to see the NTFS permissions for a particular user name or group, say, Administrators, SYSTEM, Authenticated users, etc, you have to specify it in the command while using the ft -AutoSize parameter. The command for this is:

In the above command, replace the user name or group with the respective names. For example, if you want to see the NTFS permissions for Administrators, you have to type the following command:

In the above screenshot, I have used the above command for three different user names, users, SYSTEM, and Authenticated users.

2] Microsoft’s AccessEnum

You can save the permissions on your disk in text format. The “Compare to saved” is one interesting feature of this free software using which you can compare the permissions of the currently scanned directory or registry path with the saved permissions file.

Read: The Volume Bitmap is incorrect when running CHKDSK

3] Folder Security Viewer

Folder Security Viewer is available as free and paid software. Its free version comes with limited features, You can use it to view the NTFS permissions for free. Under the Home tab, you will see different options, including Permission Report, Folder Report, Owner Report, etc.

To download Folder Security Viewer, visit chúng tôi You have to provide your name and email address in order to download the software. In your email, you will also receive a free trial 14 days license. After the trial license expires, you can still use its free version.

4] Permissions Reporter from Key Metric Software

Permissions Reporter is a free tool from Key Metric Software to check NTFS permissions on Windows 11/10. It is available in both free and paid versions. Its free version allows you to view NTFS permissions and access some features. If you want to access all its features, you have to purchase its license.

The Folder Tree tab shows the tree view of the selected directory. The Folder Permissions tab shows the permissions of all the folders inside the directory in a list view. You can also apply filters to get more specific results. The Export option is also available. But in the free version, you can export the project only in HTML format.

5] NTFS Permissions Reporter from CJWDEV

What are the basic NTFS permissions?

The basic NTFS permissions include Full Control, Read and Execute, Modify, Read, Write, etc. You can check these permissions by opening the properties of a particular folder or drive. After opening the properties, go to the Security tab. You will see all these permissions there. In addition to this, you can also use free software and Windows PowerShell to view NTFS permissions.

Read next: How to take full Ownership of Files & Folders in Windows .

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How To Get Octal File Permissions From Command Line In Mac Os

Command line users are likely familiar with using chmod to set file permissions in numerical or octal format, for example running a command like ‘chmod 755 filename’, but have you ever wondered how you can get file permissions in octal format?

If you want to see or view the octal numerical value of permissions of any file or folder via the command line, you can turn to the stat command in Mac OS to do so.

How to Get Numerical chmod Permissions Values on the Mac

To get started, launch the Terminal app from /Applications/ on the Mac and use the following commands:

stat -f %A file.txt

For example, that command may output something like the following:


Where, in this example, ‘644’ is the octal value of that files permissions.

Alternatively, you can use -f and %OLp (yes that’s an upper case ‘o’ and not a zero), the output will be the same assuming the file is too:

stat -f %OLp /Applications/System

Example output for that command may look like the following, showing the numerical octal value permissions for the target item:


In this example, the “System Preferences” application has a octal permissions value of 775.

You should not need to use quotations, though if you need for some reason to escape a file name or path, or for scripting purposes, they’re easy to place like so:

stat -f "%OLp" '/Applications/System'

The -f flag is for format, you can read more about specific formatting options for the stat output from the manual page on stat with ‘man stat’.

In the latter command case, the “O” (upper case o) is specifically for achieving octal output.

Knowing the exact numerical permissions of a file or folder is wildly useful for so many reasons, and it can be helpful to know this if you’re adjusting the permissions of various items, or even if you’re moving files on the Mac and want to maintain the exact permissions and to verify it after the fact. There are countless other uses as well, particularly if you’re running a server of any sort from the Mac.

These commands should work the same for retrieving octal permissions in just about any version of macOS, MacOS, or Mac OS X, regardless of how the naming convention is capitalized. Notably however, is that the approach to getting octal permissions on the Mac is different from the rest of the Linux world, thus if you’re coming to the Mac from the Linux world you’ll need to adjust the stat command flags to accurately get the permissions in octal format, we’ll cover that quickly next.

Getting Octal File Permissions from Command Line in Linux

For the sake of being thorough, we’ll briefly discuss getting octal permissions values in the Linux world as well, where you can use the following to get the octal file permissions:

stat -c "%a %n" /Path/To/File

You can also more simply use the stat -c command:

stat -c %a /Path/To/File.txt

The numerical value output will be the same regardless, as long as the inputted target file is the same of course.

Again, these latter two approaches are linux specific, and you’ll need to use the methods outlined further above to get octal values of permissions of a file in Mac OS.


How To Change App Permissions In Iphone? – Webnots

There are hundreds of thousands of free and premium apps available in App Store. Though all those apps pass Apple’s stringent security criteria, most of the apps need permissions to access features on your iPhone. For example, a video conferencing app needs an access to your camera and microphone for you to connect to the calls. Over period you might have provided access to lot of apps. If you wonder how to change app permissions in iPhone and revert back unnecessary permissions, here is how you can do that.

Initial App Permission Request

Let us explain with some examples so that it is easy to understand the permissions you grant for apps. Microsoft Lens is the popular app for scanning documents and reading text from images using OCR technology. When you install this app and setup, you will see a screen asking you to allow access. The app needs access to photos for scanning, you can deny this access or provide access to selected photos or to all photos. The same Lens app also need access to your camera for taking pictures.

Example App Permissions in iPhone

Similarly, most of the apps ask permissions for sending notifications, using cellular data, accessing microphone, using location services, etc.

View Granted App Permissions

Unfortunately, most of the users simply press “OK” or “Allow” to all the pop-ups without understanding. Though it is needed and not a problem for granting access to reputed apps, it is always necessary to be careful instead of worrying later. For Lens app, in most cases you do not need to provide access to all photos. If you forgot what access you have provided for apps or wanted to revert the access back, then it is easy to do that in iPhone.

There are two possible ways to view and change app permissions in iPhone.

Viewing All Apps Accessing Specific Permission

As mentioned, iPhone groups and categorize the permissions required for major features in your phone like camera, microphone, photos, etc. You can view permission categories and find all the apps having access to each category. For example, you can find all the apps having access to your camera or photos. This is useful if you want to analyze the permissions based on the feature and do not know the name of specific app.

Tap on Settings app and go to Privacy section of your iPhone.

Here you will find different categories and tap on a specific item you want to check. For example, tap on Camera to find all the apps having permission to access your camera.

As you can see, Microsoft Lens app is having the access. Simply turn off the button to disable the access.

Disable Permission Based on Category

Remember, the app will request your permission again whenever you open it. Some apps will not work without appropriate permissions, as in this case with Microsoft Lens app which needs camera access.

App Asking Permission Again

View and Change Permissions of Individual Apps

It is also possible in iPhone to view all the permissions granted to individual app and change the permission if required. For example, you can view the permissions granted to Microsoft Lens app and remove the access to all photos. This is useful if you know the app name and wanted to change the permissions you have wrongly granted to that app.

Tap on Settings app and scroll down to see the list of apps installed on your iPhone.

Find the app for which you want to change the permissions and tap on it. The apps will be listed in alphabetical order so that you can easily find based on the sorting.

Let’s take the same example of Lens app. Tapping on it will show the “Allow Lens to Access” as the first option.

You can find the app is having access to photos, camera and Siri & Search.

You can disable camera access by turning off the switch. For photos access, tap on that option and change the permissions to none. You can also choose the “Selected Photos” option and give permissions for only few pictures that you want to scan/edit with the app.

Change Permission from App Settings Page in iPhone

Analyzing App Permissions with App Privacy Report

Android offers Permission Manager and Privacy Dashboard options to analyze the permissions apps are accessing on your phone. Similarly, iPhone also offers an App Privacy Report feature which you can enable and find which apps are accessing which permissions.

App Privacy Report in iPhone

Based on this information, you can understand the permissions used and the contacted domains when opening the apps. Remember, this is only a report for analysis the app permission usage. You will not be able to change the permissions directly from the report section. You need to use one of the above explained methods to change the permissions already granted for the apps.

Disable App Tracking

To disable tracking from other apps, you can do it in two ways similar to managing permissions.

View and Disable All Apps Tracking in iPhone

For individual apps, find the app from “Settings” page and tap on it. Disable “Allow Tracking” or similar option that shows in the app settings page.

Disable Individual App Tracking in iPhone

Cellular Data Usage for Apps

Disable Cellular Data Access Based on Usage

Similarly, you can access individual app settings page and tap on “Wireless Data” option and turn it “Off”.

Disable Cellular Access for Individual App

Final Words

As you can see Apple offers a complete control of permissions granted to apps. You can any time check and change the permissions based on categories or view all permission granted to individual app and disable them. in addition, you can use the App Privacy Report to analyze the usage of permissions and find the apps misusing the permissions.

How Linux Date Command Works?

Introduction to Linux Date

In the Linux ecosystem, the date prints or displays the current date and system time zone. With the help of the date command, we can print the date and time in a different format. The date commands provide the liberty to print past and future dates also. David MacKenzie wrote the date command utility.

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Syntax of Date Command:

date [OPTION]... [+FORMAT]

date: We can use the date keyword in the syntax or command. It will take the two-argument as an option and format type (to which we need to print the date). Provide the end result with the requested format date.

OPTION: We can provide the different flags as options that are compatible with the date command.

FORMAT: As per the requirement, we can pass the different types of date formats to the date command.

How does Linux Date Command work?

The date command can print different type date formats. By default, the date command will print the date as per the time zone configured in the UNIX or Linux operating system. We can also change the system time zone and print the different time zone dates. For changing the time zone, you should have the root privileges. Generally, the date command will take the two sets of arguments like option and date format. As per the inputs provided to it, it will manipulate the data and provide the date and time output in the request format.

Below is the list of formatting keywords which are commonly used with the date command:

%a: It will display the weekday name example: Mon.

%A: It will display the full weekday name example: Monday.

%b: It will display the short month name example: Jan.

%B: It will display the long month name example: January.

%d: It will display the date of the month example: 01.

%H: It will display the hour digit in 24hr format.

%I: It will display the hour digit in 12hr format.

%j: It will display the date of the year example: 001..366.

%m: It will display the month in digit format example: 01..12.

%M: It will display the minute value example: 00..59.

%S: It will display the second value example: 00..60.

%y: It will display the last two digits of the year example: 20.

%Y: It will display the year example: 2023.

Examples of Linux Date

Given below are the examples mentioned:

Example #1

Date Command




As per the above command, we are able to print the system time and date.

It will print the day (in short format), month (in short format), date, time (include the hour, minute, and seconds), time zone (IST), and year (2024).


Example #2

Date String

a. Date Command – Custom Format

The date command is very flexible, we can provide different custom inputs to the date command, and it will print the date format accordingly. We have the privilege to change the default date format to get the result in our own format.



As per the below screenshot, we have printed the custom date. As per the requirement, we can add different special characters also.


b. Date Command – String Format

In the date command, we have the functionality to pass the string parameters. Accordingly, the date command will print the output. It will not require following the date input format.


date -d "last month"


We can add the string option with the date command. It is a quick way to display the dates.


Example #3

Override the Time Zone

a. Date Command – With Different Time Zone

In the date command, we are able to display the time and date in different time zones.


TZ='Africa/Djibouti' date


Using the “timedatectl list-timezones” command, we are able to find the list of time zones available in the Linux.

As per the requirement, we can choose any time zone and pass the values to the TZ variable.

b. Date Command – Use Epoch Time Converter

The epoch timestamp is also called the UNIX timestamp. In this conversion, the date command is to use the epoch converter. It will calculate the number of seconds that have elapsed from January 1, 1970 at 00:00:00 UTC.


date +%s


We are able to calculate the time between the epoch timestamp and the current timestamp. The time difference will be in seconds.


c. Date command – With File Operation

In the Linux environment, we can use the date command differently. Here, we are able to find the last modification time of the file. We need to use the “-r” option with the command to get this timestamp.


date -r /etc/passwd


As per the screenshot below, we can find the last modification time of the file “/etc/passwd”.


d. Date Command – Display Past Date

In the date command, we have the functionality to display the past date in different formats.


date --date="2 day ago"

As per the above command, we are able to print the past 2 day’s date and time.


e. Date Command – Display Future Date

In the date command, we have the functionality to display the future date in different formats.


date --date="2 day"


As per the above command, we are able to print the future 2 day’s date and time.


f. Date Command – Set System time and Date

With the help of the date command, we are able to set the required time in the system.

Note: It is not recommended to set the timestamp manually. In Linux, the server clock is coordinated using the ntp service or the systemd-timesyncd service.


date --set="20240101 17:30"


With the help of the date command, we are able to set the system time. We have set the manual time i.e. 01/01/2024 05:30 PM.



We have seen the uncut concept of “Linux Date Command” with the proper example, explanation, and command with different outputs. The date command displays the date and time in a different format. It will be widely used in shell and application jobs.

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How To Convert Fat32 To Ntfs Without Losing Data In Windows 11/10?

Are you looking for methods to convert FAT32 disks to NTFS file systems without losing data? If so, this post will interest you.

FAT32 is the 32-bit version of the FAT (File Allocation Table) file system primarily used for USB drives, flash memory cards, and external hard drives. Similarly, NTFS, which stands for New Technology File System is a proprietary file system by Microsoft and it is suitable for large-capacity disks. Now, you may want to convert FAT32 to NTFS on your system, and the reason behind it can differ.

Apart from that, the NTFS file system has the upper hand over the FAT32 file system because it has better Read and Write speed, higher disk utilization, etc.

Can you convert FAT32 to NTFS? How to convert FAT32 to NTFS without losing data in Windows 11/10

To convert FAT 32 to NTFS without losing your data, you can use a convert command on Windows. Open Command Prompt with admin rights and enter a simple command to convert FAT32 to NTFS. If you are unfamiliar with Command Prompt, you can use a third-party GUI-based converter to perform FAT32 to NTFS conversion without deleting your data. Let us look at all the methods.

Convert FAT32 to NTFS without losing data using Command Prompt

You can convert FAT32 to NTFS without losing data through Command Prompt. All you need to do is enter a simple command and Windows will convert your drive from the FAT32 file system to NTFS. As simple as that.

First, open Command Prompt as an administrator. For that, open Windows Search, enter cmd in the search box, hover the mouse over the Command Prompt app, and choose the Run as administrator option.

In the administrator Command Prompt, enter the below command:

help convert

The above command will display the exact command with elaboration to convert your disk to an NTFS file system.

Now, enter a command with below syntax:

CONVERT volume /FS:NTFS [/V] [/CvtArea:filename] [/NoSecurity] [/X]

For example, if you want to convert an E drive having a FAT32 file system to NTFS without any additional attribute, your final command will look something like the below one:


Wait for the command to finish successfully. Once done, close Command Prompt. Your FAT32 drive will not be changed to the NTFS file system.

Read: How to enable or disable NTFS File Compression in Windows?

Use GUI-based converter software to perform FAT32 to NTFS conversion

Read: Best free NTFS to FAT32 converter software for Windows 11

1] AOMEI NTFS to FAT32 Converter

You can also use this dedicated free FAT32 to NTFS converter called AOMEI NTFS to FAT32 Converter. This software lets you convert FAT32 to NTFS and NTFS to FAT32 without losing any data.

It is a great FAT32 to NTFS converter. However, the free edition of this software has some limitations. To enjoy all its features, you must upgrade to the pro version.

See: How to format USB to NTFS in Windows?

2] EaseUS Partition Master

EaseUS Partition Master is a popular free disk and partition manager for Windows 11/10. Using it, you can also convert FAT32 to NTFS without losing your data. You can even use it to convert NTFS to FAT32.

It is an easy-to-use partition manager capable of converting FAT32 drives to an NTFS file system.

Read: NTFS FILE SYSTEM Blue Screen error on Windows.

3] MiniTool Partition Wizard

Another free software that you can use to convert FAT32 to NTFS is MiniTool Partition Wizard (Home Edition). It is one of the best free partition manager software using which you can create, delete, extend, and organize your disk partitions. It also offers a tool to perform file system conversion that allows you to convert FAT32 to NTFS.

I hope this post helps you convert FAT32 to NTFS without erasing or losing your data.

Now read: Repair damaged RAW Drive without formatting or losing Data.

How To Use Update Command In Android Sqlite?

   android:layout_width=”match_parent”    android:layout_height=”match_parent”    tools:context=”.MainActivity”    <EditText       android:id=”@+id/name”       android:layout_width=”match_parent”       android:hint=”Enter Name”    <EditText       android:id=”@+id/salary”       android:layout_width=”match_parent”       android:inputType=”numberDecimal”       android:hint=”Enter Salary”    <LinearLayout       android:layout_width=”wrap_content”       android:id=”@+id/save”       android:text=”Save”       android:layout_width=”wrap_content”       <Button          android:id=”@+id/refresh”          android:text=”Refresh”          android:layout_width=”wrap_content”       <Button          android:id=”@+id/udate”          android:text=”Update”          android:layout_width=”wrap_content”

   <ListView       android:id=”@+id/listView”       android:layout_width=”match_parent”

import android.os.Bundle; import; import android.view.View; import android.widget.ArrayAdapter; import android.widget.Button; import android.widget.EditText; import android.widget.ListView; import android.widget.Toast;

import java.util.ArrayList;

public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {    Button save, refresh;    EditText name, salary;    private ListView listView;

   @Override    protected void onCreate(Bundle readdInstanceState) {       super.onCreate(readdInstanceState);       setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);       final DatabaseHelper helper = new DatabaseHelper(this);       final ArrayList array_list = helper.getAllCotacts();       name = findViewById(;       salary = findViewById(;       listView = findViewById(;       final ArrayAdapter arrayAdapter = new ArrayAdapter(MainActivity.this, android.R.layout.simple_list_item_1, array_list);       listView.setAdapter(arrayAdapter);          @Override             array_list.clear();             array_list.addAll(helper.getAllCotacts());             arrayAdapter.notifyDataSetChanged();             listView.invalidateViews();             listView.refreshDrawableState();          }       });

         @Override             if (!name.getText().toString().isEmpty() && !salary.getText().toString().isEmpty()) {                if (helper.insert(name.getText().toString(), salary.getText().toString())) {                   Toast.makeText(MainActivity.this, “Inserted”, Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();                } else {                   Toast.makeText(MainActivity.this, “NOT Inserted”, Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();                }             } else {                name.setError(“Enter NAME”);                salary.setError(“Enter Salary”);             }          }       });    } }

Step 4 − Add the following code to src/

package com.example.andy.myapplication;

import android.content.ContentValues; import android.content.Context; import android.database.Cursor; import android.database.sqlite.SQLiteDatabase; import android.database.sqlite.SQLiteException; import android.database.sqlite.SQLiteOpenHelper;

import; import java.util.ArrayList;

class DatabaseHelper extends SQLiteOpenHelper {    public static final String DATABASE_NAME = "salaryDatabase3";    public static final String CONTACTS_TABLE_NAME = "SalaryDetails";    public DatabaseHelper(Context context) {      super(context,DATABASE_NAME,null,1);    }

   @Override    public void onCreate(SQLiteDatabase db) {       try {          db.execSQL(             "create table "+ CONTACTS_TABLE_NAME +"(id INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, name text,salary text )"          );       } catch (SQLiteException e) {          try {             throw new IOException(e);          } catch (IOException e1) {             e1.printStackTrace();          }       }    }    @Override    public void onUpgrade(SQLiteDatabase db, int oldVersion, int newVersion) {       db.execSQL("DROP TABLE IF EXISTS "+CONTACTS_TABLE_NAME);       onCreate(db);    }

   public boolean insert(String s, String s1) {       SQLiteDatabase db = this.getWritableDatabase();

      ContentValues contentValues = new ContentValues();       contentValues.put("name", s);       contentValues.put("salary", s1);       db.replace(CONTACTS_TABLE_NAME, null, contentValues);       return true;    }

   public ArrayList getAllCotacts() {       SQLiteDatabase db = this.getReadableDatabase();       res.moveToFirst();

      while(res.isAfterLast() == false) {          array_list.add(res.getString(res.getColumnIndex("name")));          res.moveToNext();       }       return array_list;    }

   public boolean update(String s, String s1) {       SQLiteDatabase db = this.getReadableDatabase();       db.execSQL("UPDATE "+CONTACTS_TABLE_NAME+" SET name = "+"'"+s+"' "+ "WHERE salary = "+"'"+s1+"'");       return true;    }

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