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How to Create a Windows 11 Bootable USB on Mac [3 Ways] Learn to make a bootable USB media for the newest Windows OS




Windows 11 introduces a wealth of new features along with an overhauled appearance that places a greater emphasis on uniformity and efficiency.

You may use a virtual machine to install it on your Mac and try it out.

One way to create a Windows 11 installation media from Mac is to use the Terminal.

Another easy way to create a Windows 11 bootable USB is via Boot Camp.

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Can you install Windows 11 on Mac?

Because Windows 11 requires a physical TPM module, only Parallels allows users to install Windows 11 on a Mac at the moment.

This functionality is available on both Intel and the most recent Apple Macs with Silicon M1 chips, as well as the most recent version of macOS Monterey.

Can Windows 11 run on M1 Mac?

You are now able to run Windows 11 on your M1 Mac, which was not previously possible. Furthermore, and probably most impressively, you are able to run Windows 11 on a virtual machine on your M1 Mac.

Parallels operate brilliantly on an M1 Mac in tests, therefore Windows on ARM would be installed into a Parallels Desktop virtual machine on an M1 Mac.

This version of the operating system runs many popular Windows apps designed for Intel-based computers using its own emulation software.

⇒ Get Parallels Desktop 17

Can I install Windows 11 in Mac VirtualBox? Will Windows 11 be a free upgrade? Is Windows 11 worth installing? How can I create a Windows 11 installation media from Mac? 1. Use the Terminal

1. Connect your USB stick to your Mac.

4. Enter the following command to finish the HomeBrew installation:/bin/bash

5. Next, install wimlib by using the following command: brew install wimlib

Wimlib library support the Windows Imaging File Format (WIM). Which allows users to create, alter, extract, and mount WIM files:

6. Type diskutil list and press Enter to bring up a list of all drives on your Mac. Note down the USB stick’s disk identifier that will either be: disk2, disk3, disk4 etc…

7. Use the following command to format your USB stick and make sure to replace diskname with your disk’s name: diskutil eraseDisk MS-DOS WINDOWS11 GPT /dev/diskname

8. Head to Microsoft’s page for the Windows 11 download and select Windows 11 multi-edition under the Disk Image(ISO) section.

Expert tip:

11. Next, copy the ISO file into your USB stick with the following command:rsync -vha --exclude=sources/install.wim /Volumes/CCCOMA_X64FRE_EN-US_DV9/* /Volumes/WINDOWS11

Keep in mind that the name of the file must exactly match the one that is shown (CCCOMA_X64FRE_EN-US_DV9). If it is different (due to a different choice in language), be careful to alter it in accordance with the difference.

12. Split and copy the chúng tôi file since it is larger than 4 GB with this command:wimlib-imagex split chúng tôi chúng tôi 3000

13. That’s it! Now you have a Windows 11 USB installer on Mac. You can use it to install Windows 11 on any device you want.

You can easily create a Windows 11 bootable USB on Mac using the built-in Terminal. After you finish installing a few needed tools, you need to download the Windows 11 installation media from the official Microsoft page and copy it to your USB.

The process is not very complicated. Nevertheless, one of the drawbacks of using this technique is that the installation takes up 5.2 gigabytes of space on your computer.

It is not possible to burn a file that is larger than 4 gigabytes on a device that is formatted in FAT32. As this is the only format that is compatible with both Windows and macOS.

In order to get around this issue, you may break the installer down into several smaller files. To do this, you will need to install a package manager called wimlib, which can be done using Homebrew. During the process of making the bootable CD, the Windows installation file will be divided.

2. Use Boot Camp

There is no need for any long Terminal instructions or third-party software. Because Boot Camp Assistant can be used to install Windows on a Mac and build a bootable USB installation drive.

However, on M1 Macs, this approach does not appear to be accessible. Therefore, for them, you need to use the first method to create a Windows 11 bootable USB on Mac.

3. Use a third-party app Is Windows really better than Mac?

We recommend that you do not miss out on our performance and security-wise comparison between Windows 11 and Mac in order to decide which one fits you better.

Why can’t I upgrade to Windows 11?

The user interfaces of Windows 11 and macOS share a lot of similarities, and with the new design that has rounded edges, the user interface of Windows 11 looks more like macOS than it ever has before.

Still experiencing issues?

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Create A Portable Windows System On A Usb Drive With Windows To Go

Five years ago, after much anticipation, Windows 8 was released. Reactions were mixed on the drastically overhauled look and feel of Windows. Regardless of your personal opinions, everyone can agree that the new OS dominated Microsoft-related talk for years to come. Windows 8 stole so much of the spotlight, that other features cooked up during that time were pushed to the wayside. One of those developments was something called Windows to Go (WTG).

What Is Windows To Go?

Windows To Go allows you to install a fully-functional Windows 10/8.1/8 operating system onto an external hard drive or a USB flash drive. This makes your USB a portable Windows environment, similar to a Linux distro that is designed to run from a USB. With Windows To Go you can carry the live Windows system anywhere and use it on any computer.

This feature is targeted primarily towards enterprise customers with the idea that the corporate environment could be taken anywhere. WTG provides a secured environment complete with software when an employee is working remotely or from a shared computer. Since Windows To Go was developed with this very specific use in mind, Microsoft doesn’t officially support using non-enterprise versions of Windows in a WTG environment. That being said, just because something isn’t supported doesn’t mean it’s not possible.

There are various ways to install Windows To Go using any version of Windows 8.x and 10 and any bootable USB device. Just be aware that there are reported restrictions with these non-official builds. Some of these restrictions include the unavailability of Bitlocker protection, no access to the Windows Store, and the inability to boot on both BIOS and UEFI machines.

Differences Between Windows to Go and Normal Windows Installations

Windows to Go is designed to operate just like any other version of Windows. That being said, Microsoft has disabled a number of features including:

Internal disks are offline to ensure data isn’t accidentally disclosed.

Trusted Platform Module (TPM) is not used. This is because TPM is tied to a specific computer, and Windows To Go drives are designed to move between computers.

Hibernate is disabled by default to make it easier to move between computers.

Windows Recovery Environment is not available. If you need to recover your Windows to Go drive, Microsoft suggests you re-image it with a fresh image of Windows.

Refreshing or resetting a Windows to Go workspace is not supported. Resetting to the manufacturer’s settings for a computer doesn’t apply when running WTG.

Upgrading a Windows to Go workspace is not supported. Windows 8 or Windows 8.1 WTG drives cannot be upgraded to Windows 10, nor can Windows 10 WTG drives be upgraded to future versions of Windows 10. Consequently, for new versions, the drive needs to be re-imaged.

Furthermore, Windows to Go drives can be booted on multiple computers. So when a WTG drive is first booted, it will detect all hardware on the host computer. It will then install any needed drivers which may require multiple reboots. Subsequently, when the Windows to Go USB is booted on that host computer, it will be able to identify that PC and load the correct drivers automatically.

Host Computer Requirements

Generally speaking, Windows to Go will work on hardware that has been certified for use with Windows 7 or later. If you want to make sure before you start, here’s what you want to consider before running Windows to Go on a PC.

Must be capable of booting from a USB.

Minimum 1 GHz processor.

Minimum 2 GB of RAM.

Ensure that the Windows Image Architecture is compatible with the processor. This means you won’t be able to run a 64-bit version of Windows to Go on a 32-bit processor.

Windows to Go from a computer running Windows RT is not supported.

Windows To Go on a Mac is not supported.

USB Drive Considerations

In theory, any USB 2.0 or 3.0 drive with 16GB of storage space will work with Windows to Go. That being said, users will want to stick with USB 3.0 drives to ensure speedy performance. In addition, you will want to spring for at least 32GB, as it will give you room for file storage. Lastly, avoid cheap USB drives due to the high number of read/write cycles during normal Windows operation. Microsoft has identified some USB drives that are WTG “certified” in case you were curious.

How to Prepare Windows to Go

There are a number of different ways to configure a Windows to Go environment. We will take a look at some of the methods that have been reported to work. Ready to get started? Grab your USB, your computer and a Windows 8.x or 10 disc image. For those looking to build a Windows to Go environment with an enterprise edition of Windows, you can follow the official instructions from Microsoft.

Alternatively, you can use one of the tools mentioned below.

AOMEI Partition Assistant – this free disk management utility also includes a tool called “Windows to Go Creator.” It is compatible with Windows 8.x – 10. Just follow the prompts, and you’ll be ready to roll.

WinToUSB – another free utility that features a simple GUI. WinToUSB can create a Windows to Go environment from any Windows 8.x – 10 iso. In addition, WinToUSB can clone your computer’s existing Windows installation for the WTG drive.

Rufus (v. 2.0 and above) – can create a Windows to Go drive from any edition of Windows 10. Preparing a Windows to Go drive with Rufus is almost exactly the same as creating a bootable USB. Just remember that you need to select the “Windows to Go” option instead of the default “Bootable USB.”

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How To Troubleshoot A “Power Surge On Usb Port” Error On Windows 10

If you see a “power surge on USB port” notification appear when you’re using a USB device on Windows 10, don’t immediately panic. The word “surge” may seem troubling, but it doesn’t necessarily mean that your PC or laptop is damaged in some way (although you can’t rule it out).

This error usually appears when the maximum power limit of the USB port is exceeded in some way. This is unusual, but it isn’t impossible—certain devices (including USB hard drives) use a lot of energy, for instance. If you see a “power surge on USB port” error on Windows 10, here’s what you’ll need to do to fix it.

Table of Contents

What Causes a “Power Surge on USB Port” Error on Windows 10?

If Windows displays a “power surge on USB port” error, you can usually assume that the power demand of any connected USB peripherals has exceeded the maximum power capacity on the USB port you’re using.

Some USB hard drive enclosures, for instance, are supplied with a dual-headed USB cable. The purpose is to connect the drive to two separate USB ports, spreading the power and data load over two ports and giving the drive itself enough power to operate.

This isn’t an ideal scenario, however. A poorly constructed enclosure (with badly designed circuit boards) may cause the power demands across each port to be spread unevenly. The same message is also likely to appear when any other type of cheaper, poorly made USB devices are connected to your PC.

Disconnect Your Hardware

If Windows 10 detects a power surge on a USB port you’re using, Windows will automatically disable the port. In theory, this should stop the surge in power and prevent any further damage to your PC or the connected USB device, but this isn’t guaranteed.

If this happens, you should immediately disconnect the device by removing the USB cable from the affected port. It’s important to do this as soon as you see the message, as leaving the device connected could cause long-term damage. Unless the device is drawing a huge amount of power, however, you may escape damage.

Unfortunately, this doesn’t offer a cause for the error in the first place, but it will allow you to resume using your PC (if it’s undamaged). You’ll need to consider whether the device is safe to use and functioning properly before you try to reconnect and use it.

Reinstall the USB Controller Drive in Device Manager

You should never connect any device (USB or otherwise) to your PC if you’re unsure whether or not it’s safe to use. It’s important to consider the quality and expected power consumption of the USB devices you use, as high powered devices from cheap sources can (and most likely will) cause damaging power surges.

If you’re sure that the USB device is safe to use, and it doesn’t immediately cause a power surge issue when you reconnect it, you may need to consider reinstalling the USB controller drivers for your motherboard. A faulty USB controller driver could cause malfunctioning power surge reports like these to appear.

After removing the USB controller drivers, you can check Windows Update or your motherboard manufacturer for the latest up-to-date drivers and install them manually. Alternatively, restart your PC at this point—Windows Update will automatically search for (and install) any available drivers when you restart.

Run the Hardware and Devices Troubleshooting Tool

Windows 10 includes a built-in troubleshooter that can identify issues with your PC and recommend possible fixes. While it can’t fix damaged hardware, it can identify possible causes for a power surge message, such as missing drivers or a broken device.

The Hardware and Devices troubleshooting tool was originally available in the Windows Settings menu but is now hidden from view. To use it, you’ll need to use Windows PowerShell.

Type msdt.exe -id DeviceDiagnostic and select Enter in the PowerShell window to run the Hardware and Devices troubleshooter.

In the Hardware and Devices window, select Next to begin checking your PC for hardware issues. This will take some time to complete.

Windows will check your settings, USB ports, and any connected devices for possible problems. If the Hardware and Devices tool can fix any issues automatically, it will do so. Otherwise, it will provide a list of recommendations at the end of the scanning process, so look for any additional on-screen instructions.

Use a Powered USB Hub

If you’re still having trouble with a “power surge on USB port” error message, you may need to consider investing in a powered USB hub. An external hub like this allows you to safely connect high-powered devices to your PC’s USB ports, but only if the hub is powered separately, protecting your USB ports from damage.

This is only true, however, if you choose a reputable manufacturer such as Dell, Anker, or TP-Link. If the hub is unbranded or comes from an unknown source, then it carries the same risk as other cheap USB devices. Connecting it to your USB ports may cause damage, especially if it causes a surge (resulting in the same problem).

If the hub is genuine, well made, and has a good-quality power supply, it should help to stop possible power surges caused by connected USB devices to your PC’s USB ports. If the ports and USB devices haven’t previously been damaged, this should stop the “power surge on USB port” message and allow you to resume using it.

That doesn’t stop the possibility of other power surges (such as lightning strikes) from causing damage to your PC, however. You may need to consider adding a surge protector to your PC setup to protect against these additional risks.

Protecting Your PC Against Hardware Damage

If you’re lucky, a misbehaving USB device won’t cause damage to your USB ports the first time a surge occurs, but that doesn’t mean that it won’t cause damage over the long term. To protect your PC and devices against damage, a powered USB hub is essential, ensuring that the hardware you’re using has enough power to operate.

How To Find Your Printer’S Ip Address On Windows Or A Mac

Whether configuring your printer, troubleshooting an issue, or attempting to connect to a network, it’s very handy to know how to find your printer’s IP address. Thankfully it’s very easy to do, and there are several ways to do it on both PC and Mac. We’ll run you through each of them in this quick guide.

Before you start working it out through your computer, it’s worth checking the printer itself first. If your printer has an LCD display then you can probably navigate to the settings menu and find an option to display the printer IP address. We’ll go over four possible methods of finding the IP address if you’ve already tried this.

How to find your printer’s IP address in Windows

The exact instructions for finding your printer’s IP address in Windows might vary slightly depending on whether you’re on Windows 10 or Windows 11. But we’re mainly talking about names of menus and things like that. The steps are essentially the same.

In the Control Panel

Start by navigating to the control panel. There are a couple of ways to do this:

Hold the Windows key on the keyboard and press i to open the control panel.

Select the printer for which you want to find the IP address from the list of printers.

The printer’s IP address should be listed next to the Location field.

How to find your printer’s IP in your Router’s admin panel

Dhruv Bhutani / Android Authority

The steps to find your printer’s IP address in your router’s admin panel may vary slightly depending on the brand and model of your router. The steps will generally be along these lines:

Open a web browser on a device connected to the same network as your printer.

Type your router’s IP address in the address bar and hit enter.

You will be prompted to enter the login credentials for your router. Enter your username and password to log in to the admin panel.

Navigate to the Devices or Attached devices section of your router’s admin panel. This section may be located under a LAN or Network tab.

Look for your printer’s name or MAC address in the list of connected devices. The IP address of the printer should be listed next to it.

You may need to refer to your router’s manual to determine its IP address. It will also be one of the IP addresses listed when you type ipconfig into the Windows Command Prompt, as outlined above. There are some common default gateway addresses, including,,, and

How to find your printer’s IP by printing the network configuration page

Mark O’Neill / Android Authority

Another option for finding your printer’s IP address involves returning to the printer itself. We mentioned in the intro that you might be able to find the IP address on a printer’s LCD display, but you can also get the printer’s IP by printing the network configuration page.

You’ll get precise instructions on how to do this from the printer’s user manual, as every model and brand will be slightly different. But broadly, the steps will be along these lines:

Make sure your printer is turned on and connected to your network.

Press the Menu button on your printer’s control panel.

Use the arrow keys to navigate to the Network or Network setup option and press OK or Select.

Navigate to the Print network configuration page option and press OK or Select.

Your printer will print a page that contains information about its network settings, including its IP address. You should find the IP address in the TCP/IP or IP Address section of the page.


An IP address on a printer is a unique numerical identifier that is assigned to the printer to enable it to communicate on a network. The IP address allows other devices on the network to locate and communicate with the printer.

Yes, you can change the IP address of your printer. Most printers allow you to change the IP address manually through the control panel or menu. Alternatively, you can assign a static IP address to your printer using your network’s DHCP server.

The default IP address for a printer can vary depending on the manufacturer and model of the printer. Generally, printers do not have a standard default IP address across all devices. However, many printers are configured to obtain an IP address automatically through Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) when connected to a network.

If the IP address of your printer is not working, it may be because the printer has been assigned a new IP address by the DHCP server on your network. Try printing a new configuration or network status page to find the printer’s new IP address.

How To Disable Ads On Windows 11

However, that’s exactly what you’ll find in Windows 11. Whether it’s the encouragement to use Edge, recommended options in Settings or tips and tricks on the lock screen, there are plenty of subtle ways Microsoft promotes its products and services throughout Windows 11. 

The Windows 11 lock screen shows the time, date and a Windows Spotlight image by default, but the latter means you’ll also see tips and tricks that can get in the way. Unfortunately, the only way to remove these is to choose a different lock screen image: 

Open Settings and select ‘Personalization’ from the left pane. 

Choose ‘Lock screen’, the fourth option in the list

Select the image/s you’d like to use, then uncheck the box next to ‘Get fun facts, tips, tricks and more on your lock screen’ 

Within the ‘Pinned’ section of the Start menu, you might see apps appearing that you’ve never installed. This is a deliberate tactic to get you to download apps you don’t need, but there’s an easy way to remove them: 

Open the Start menu and find app you don’t want from the ‘Pinned’ section 

After a few seconds, the app in question will disappear. Repeat the process for every app you want to get rid of. 

How to turn off device usage recommendations 

Open Settings and select ‘Personalization’ from the left pane 

Scroll down to the bottom of the list and choose ‘Device usage’

Anyron Copeman / Foundry

Make sure all the toggles here are set to the ‘Off’ position

Open Settings 

From the ‘System’ section that’s already selected, choose ‘Notifications’

Anyron Copeman / Foundry

Scroll down to the bottom of the list and uncheck the boxes next to ‘Show me the Windows welcome experience after updates and occasionally when I sign in to highlight what’s new and suggested’ and ‘Get tips and suggestions when I use Windows’

Anyron Copeman / Foundry

While you’re there, it’s also worth reviewing which apps you’re allowing notifications for. It’s likely there are at least a few which are more annoying than useful. For each, you can also choose how they’re delivered to your device. 

Open File Explorer 

Anyron Copeman / Foundry

From the window that appears, select the ‘View’ tab 

Locate the option that says ‘Show sync provider notifications’ and uncheck the box next to it

Open Settings 

Select ‘Privacy & security’ from the left pane 

In the ‘Windows permissions’ section, choose ‘General’

Open Settings 

Select ‘Privacy & Security’ from the left pane 

Choose ‘Diagnostics & feedback’, the third option in the list 

Next to the option that starts ‘Let Microsoft use your diagnostic data…”, ensure the toggle is set to the off position

Anyron Copeman / Foundry

How to turn off suggested content in Settings

The Settings app is designed to make it easy to control almost every aspect of Windows 11, but that includes suggestions from Microsoft by default. These are often useful, but you might be better off without them: 

Open Settings 

Select ‘Privacy & security’ from the left pane 

In the ‘Windows permissions’ section, choose ‘General’ 

Next to ‘Show me suggested content in the Settings app’, make sure the toggle is set to the off position

Related articles you may like

How To Change Mac Address On Windows And Ubuntu

MAC, which stands for “Media Access Control,” is a unique address which represents your network interface device. Put simply, it is a unique number for your network interface hardware assigned by its respective manufacturer. In the networking world, IP addresses and MAC addresses work together to move data back and forth. That said, MAC addresses can be changed or spoofed according to your needs.

Aside from acting as a unique address to each network device in your PC (like wired ethernet port, WiFi, etc), MAC serves different other purposes like MAC authentication, address filtering, static IP assignment, device tracking, etc. That said, not every network device supports changing of MAC address. So if your network device doesn’t support changing of MAC address, then you just can’t change it. Let us see how to change MAC address in Windows and Ubuntu.

Change MAC Address in Windows

Changing MAC addresses in a Windows system is really easy. All you have to do is to change a couple of settings buried deep inside your Windows device manager. Of course, you can also change these settings from the networking and sharing center, but using device manager is more direct and straightforward.

1. First, open “Device Manager” by navigating to your Windows Control Panel; if you are using Windows 8, press “Win + X” and select “Device Manager” from the list of options.

That’s all there is to do and with all the above steps; you have successfully spoofed your MAC address. You can confirm the changes using the below command in your Windows command prompt.



ALL Change MAC Address in Ubuntu

1. When it comes to Ubuntu, changing MAC address is even easier than in Windows. To change MAC address in Ubuntu system, select the network icon in the top panel of Ubuntu and select “edit connections” from the list of options.

3. This will open another window where you can edit connection settings. Navigate to the “Ethernet” tab and select your network interface under “device MAC address.” Enter your desired MAC address in the empty box next to “cloned MAC address.”

That’s all there is to do, and you can confirm the changes using the below command in your terminal.

ip link


Note: The changes we have done to our MAC address in Ubuntu are just temporary. i.e. they will be reset to the original MAC address on every reboot.

Vamsi Krishna

Vamsi is a tech and WordPress geek who enjoys writing how-to guides and messing with his computer and software in general. When not writing for MTE, he writes for he shares tips, tricks, and lifehacks on his own blog Stugon.

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