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As soon as you open your web browser, all your activity online can be (and is being) tracked. The sites you visit, the things you buy online, and the services you log into. Private browsing can help you keep that information to yourself.

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However, don’t think that as soon as you turn on private browsing mode it guarantees that you’re not being recorded. With the Safari private browsing feature, you can use Terminal to easily bring up all the sites you’ve visited. 

Let’s have a look at how to do that and how to get rid of that information for good. 

How To Activate Private Browsing In Safari

If you’ve never used Safari’s private browsing feature before, here’s how to enable it. 

If you’d like to set Safari private browsing as a default option, you can do it in settings. 

What Safari Private Browsing Does & Doesn’t Do

Before you get to the practical side of things, it’s important to learn what private browsing means. As well as how exactly it protects your privacy when you use the Safari browser. 

What Safari Private Browsing Feature Does

While this feature doesn’t offer complete privacy, private browsing does minimize the digital footprint you leave online. 

Among the positive impacts of Safari private browsing are the following:

Your browsing history can’t be found in Safari’s history tab.

It doesn’t autofill usernames or passwords you’ve previously saved in the browser.

It doesn’t save new passwords you enter into websites while browsing.

Limits the annoying tracking cookies that some websites try and attach to you.

Things Private Browsing Doesn’t Hide

Of course, you shouldn’t trust Safari completely with your privacy. Simply because it has certain limitations. Some things that Safari’s private browsing feature doesn’t hide include:

Bookmarks that you save in a private session are still visible when you browse the web with private browsing disabled.

Your device’s IP address.

If you’re using your work computer and it has monitoring software installed, then it will still see and record your online activity.

Your Internet Service Provider can still see what you do online (and possibly sell that information). 

Improve Your Privacy Using Terminal Commands

As we mentioned before, when you use Safari private browsing, the feature doesn’t store your search history in the history tab. 

However, there’s a place on your computer where you can find it. It’s the Terminal.

To find Terminal, go to Applications and then to the Utilities folder on your computer. 

Once you open Terminal, run this command to see the list of sites visited:

dscacheutil -cachedump -entries Host

If you get an error message like “Unable to get details from the cache node”, don’t worry about it and just skip down to the section below for clearing the cache. Otherwise, you’ll get a list of the domains of the websites you went to, looking like this:

Key: h_name :(website domain)ipv4 :1

However, there’s a way to delete that information.

Wipe Your Tracks Clean

Terminal has a command that lets you wipe those stored sites from your computer for good. 

Open Terminal and enter the command:

dscacheutil -flushcache

This will pretty much “flush” all the stored information from Terminal. If you want to make sure those domains are gone, try and run dscacheutil -cachedump -entries Host command again. You’ll see a blank directory service cache this time.

Unfortunately, there’s no way to automate this. Meaning it won’t keep Terminal from saving the domains of the sites you go to in the future. So you’ll have to do this whole process regularly to keep your records clean. 

Private Browsing In Other Browsers

Safari is considered to be a go-to browser for Mac users, as it comes pre-installed on your computer. But you might be using other alternative browsers as well as, or instead of, Safari. 

Luckily, no matter which browser you choose, it will have its own private browsing feature. So you can learn how to stay incognito in Firefox, Chrome, Opera, or any other browser you use.

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How To Make Your Social Media Posts Truly Private

Most of us are aware that we need to be careful with what we post on social media, but do you know exactly who can see your recent vacation photos and status updates? Here are the privacy controls you need to know about on four of the biggest social networks.

How to make your Facebook posts private

You can customize who sees each Facebook post you publish. David Nield

Whenever you post something on Facebook—whether on the web or in a mobile app—there’s an audience selector drop-down menu nearby (usually just set to “Friends”). This gives you precise control over who can see your next post, photo, or check-in.

If you’re prepared to put in the time to create your own lists—and many of us aren’t—you can create all sorts of combinations. You might want some updates to be seen just by people at work, or only your sports club, or everyone on your friends list except your ex (with whom you’re still connected for whatever reason).

You might be justified in complaining about some of Facebook’s data collection policies, but there’s no doubt the site actually does a comprehensive job when it comes to letting you choose who can see your posts. It’s just a question of taking the time to set up the friends lists you need and applying them. You should note that once you’ve made a choice (like “work friends”), that setting stays in place for all your future posts, until you change it again.

Tagging adds more complications to your privacy options. If you tag a friend or two in a photo, all of their friends will be able to see the posts as well. The same goes when you post something on someone else’s profile page: The audience is set by that person, not by you. This doesn’t mean you need to forgo sharing entirely—just bear in mind that tagged images can be seen by people outside your intended audience.

How to make posts private on Instagram and Twitter

Instagram and Twitter both let you set your account to public or private. David Nield

Instagram and Twitter have similar privacy settings for posts—and you don’t get the same sort of granular control you do on Facebook. On both services, your account, and everything you post from it, is in one of two states: public or private. There are, however, some privacy-focused tools built into each platform that offer you a little bit of audience management power (we’ll get to those at the end of this section).

But in general, for your profile and posts, public is exactly what it sounds like: anyone can open up your Instagram or Twitter page and view all of your posts. Here’s Barack Obama’s Instagram. Here’s Beyoncé’s Twitter. Other people don’t have to be your friends or connected to you on these sites to see your public posts. In fact, they don’t even have to be on Instagram or Twitter at all—they just need a web browser.

[Related: Why the web version of Instagram is better than the app]

Of course, your humdrum tweets are unlikely to get worldwide attention, even if they are public. But if you want to hide your posts on these networks from the wider world, you need to make your whole account private. On Twitter in a web browser, tap More, Settings and privacy, Privacy and safety, Audience and tagging, and check the box next to Protect your Tweets. In the app, the steps are the same, but you start by tapping your profile picture and end with a toggle switch instead of a check box.

On Instagram, tap your profile picture in the app, then the menu button (three lines) in the top right, followed by Settings and Privacy. Finally, turn on the toggle switch next to Private Account.

The effect is the same in both cases: No one can see your tweets or Instagram posts unless you’ve specifically approved them as a friend. And if you switch from a public to a private account, all your existing friends will automatically get approved along the way.

While this breaks some of the functionality of these networks—you can’t retweet a private tweet, for example—it’s the only way to keep your main profile hidden from the wider world.

We mentioned some exceptions earlier, and they’re Instagram’s Close Friends and Twitter’s feature that lets you choose who can reply to your tweets. The former is the most privacy-focused, because it makes your Instagram Story posts (the ones that stick around for only 24 hours) invisible to anyone who isn’t on a curated list. To create a Close Friends list, go to your Instagram profile, tap the menu button (three lines), then Close Friends to start selecting followers for your list. Later, when you want to post something to a Story only those people should see, choose Close Friends from the bottom of the screen instead of Your story.

On Twitter, you can restrict tweet replies to people you follow, only people you mention, or leave it open for everyone. When you draft a tweet, this option is under the text field and if you have a public account it probably says “Everyone can reply.” Tap this to choose something else. Everyone on Twitter will be able to see your post, only your chosen audience will be able to reply.

How to make a TikTok post private

To make individual posts private, create a video as you would normally, and when you get to the last page (the one with a big red “post” button at the bottom), tap Who can watch this video. A menu will appear and you can choose from Everyone, Friends (followers you follow back), and Only me.

Even with all these settings in place, you should still be careful—screenshots of your updates can still be grabbed and shared by any of the friends you approve. By this metric, of course, nothing you post online is truly private.

How To Host A Private Live Stream On Youtube: 4 Steps

If you’re looking to host a live stream, YouTube is a great platform for it.

However, are you able to host a private or an unlisted live stream on YouTube?

The answer is yes—YouTube allows streamers to change the privacy settings of their live stream.

Streamers can do so before they go live on YouTube by changing their live stream’s “Visibility” setting.

However, the “Visibility” setting is hard to find.

Once you’re able to find the setting, you’ll be able to change the privacy setting of your live stream.

In this guide, you’ll learn how to host a private live stream on YouTube.

How to private live stream on YouTube

After you’ve changed the “Visibility” setting to “Private”, you need to invite others by email.

When your video is live, your invitees will be notified via email to join it.

Below is a step-by-step guide (with screenshots) on how you can host a private live stream on YouTube:

Firstly, open YouTube on a desktop.

This will open up a menu with two options including “Upload video” and “Go live”.

The “Upload video” option allows you to upload a video to your YouTube channel.

On the other hand, the “Go live” option allows you to go live on YouTube.

Keep in mind that you’re only able to live stream on YouTube on a desktop.

If you’re looking to live stream on YouTube on a mobile device, you need to have at least 1k subscribers.

On the other hand, there is no requirement for you to live stream on the desktop version of YouTube.

2. Select “Right now”, then select “Built-in webcam”

Select your preferred time to live stream (“Right now” recommended).

On the YouTube Live Control Room, you’ll be given two options including “Right now” and “Later date”.

The “Right now” option allows you to live stream now, but you can review your settings before going live.

If you want to schedule your stream for a later time, you can select the “Later date” option.

Select the type of stream (“Built-in software” recommended).

After you’ve selected the “Right now” option, you’ll have to choose between a couple of stream types.

The first stream type is “Built-in webcam” while the second stream type is “Streaming software”.

If you want to stream using your webcam and microphone, select the “Built-in webcam” option.

This option is also recommended for first-time creators as it is simpler.

However, if you want to live stream using a streaming software like OBS, select the “Streaming software” option.

To make things simpler, select the “Built-in” webcam option.

Move on to the next steps to learn how to change your live stream to a private one.

Once you’ve chosen when you want to go live and your preferred type of stream, you’ll land on your live streaming dashboard.

On your live streaming dashboard, you’ll see your video’s information (title, category, privacy, etc.).

You’ll also see your stream settings, analytics, and stream health.

On your video’s information, you’ll see an “Edit” button on the top right of it.

As your channel’s information contains your video’s privacy settings, you need to edit it.

On the “Details” tab, you’ll see your video’s title, description, visibility, and more.

Scroll down until you see the “Visibility” option.

The “Visibility” option allows you to change who can watch your live stream.

By default, the option is set to “Public”, which means that everyone will be able to watch your live stream on YouTube.

Proceed to the last step to learn how to private your live stream so that only selected people can watch it.

4. Select “Private” & invite others by email

There are three visibility options that you can choose from including “Private”, “Unlisted”, and “Public”.

The “Private” option allows you to invite a selected number of people via email to join your live stream.

If you select “Unlisted”, only people with the link to your live stream will be able to watch it.

Lastly, the “Public” option allows anyone on YouTube to watch your live stream.

Select the “Private” option to private your live stream.

Then, you’re required to invite others to your live stream.

You can do so by entering their email addresses on the “Invitees” field.

Simply enter the email addresses of the people that you want to invite to your live stream and hit “Enter” on your keyboard.

If you’ve successfully entered an email, there’ll be an “x” icon next to it.

This will allow YouTube to send an email to your invitees when you are live.

You’ve successfully learned how to host a private live stream on YouTube!


Due to the rising popularity of working from home and home-based learning, online meetings are more prevalent.

Going live on YouTube is a unique way to conduct an online meeting with your colleagues, classmates, etc.

But with dedicated video communication tools like Zoom and Microsoft Teams, people are starting to make the switch to them.

Although YouTube live is normally used for gaming, you can also use it to conduct video/web conferencing.

Further Reading

How To Find Your YouTube Stream Key (2023)

How to Hide Your Subscribers on YouTube

Do You Have to Pay to Subscribe to a YouTube Channel?

Facebook And Data Mining: Is Anything Private?

Facebook knows us. Exceptionally well.

Facebook tracks who we talk to, what we talk about, what we like, what we’re interested in. It tracks where we are and what transactions we conduct. Facebook can pick your face out of other people’s pictures and automatically tag you in media. It can even find you in the background of crowd shots (“isn’t it cool that I’ve been tagged in so many pictures?”).

After gathering all this personal data, who does Facebook sell it to? Any buyer who can afford it. Even foreign actors, as we saw in the 2023 election. If there’s a small smidgen of our intimate life that Facebook can sell, it will do so.

Think about it: Facebook is enabling the subversion of our highly personal social networks for profit and undue political influence. Which raises the questions: Is consumer capitalism – with any sense of safeguards – working anymore? Are the likes of Facebook, Google, and other online giants simply too big to suffer economic penalties for violating public trust? If so, we are on a slippery slope indeed.

It’s not that we haven’t been warned about the dangers of sharing personal data online. And many of us do take precautions with some of our sensitive data. Yet as a group we think all those online complimentary services are worth the loss of privacy, bit by bit.

So Facebook (and other Web giants) accumulate all our personal data points over time. The more data there is in one place, the more value it has for data mining. Over time, and in context of other individual data points, it becomes Big Data. Using data integration, it’s then mixed on the back-end with other data sources that, as end-users, we’ll never be aware.

Increasingly, identifiable data collection is happening in more dimensions than are ever understood by most users. Some apps now offer “general” surveys or take note about group preferences, but are really harvesting detailed notes that track us individually. 

Are we comfortable with all of this?  

Let’s look at China today. The government is building a huge system to track every individual’s social reputation. Why shouldn’t good people be recognized and rewarded? Yet it’s not just a reward. Authorities can use that reputation as a means of direct influence and control – who gets jobs, travel and educational opportunities.

The Chinese government can aggregate and mine phone and app online activity, reported recorded personal interactions, and all financial transactions. In China, every individual will be monitored at a micro-level. Everything people do will be auditable forever.

Now, back to Facebook: Recently there was an online “fun” app in which users were encouraged to submit two pictures of themselves, 10 years apart. Privacy experts suspect that this was a thinly disguised excuse to collect a massive amount of training data, to train algorithms at a huge scale. Of course, all of this makes that vast Facebook photo library even more commercially valuable. If you submitted your precious selfies, you helped a machine learn how to erode one more layer of your privacy.

When we compare China with our freedom-oriented Western culture, are we really aiming to get somewhere much different? I fear that platforms like Facebook have taken us many steps down that darker road.

Much of the data mining we’re talking about is about training recognition algorithms. I’m a big fan of the mathematics of machine learning, but I’m not so sure it can be ethically deployed at scale “for good.”  Much has been written about the way machine learning algorithms at scale can be taught prejudices and learn bad behaviors, or used as a pretense and shield for ultimately unethical practices.

Beyond that, we should be aware that machine learning is also forming the basis of much of today’s drive towards process automation. Increasingly, intelligent machine-based automation – powered by deep learning and artificial intelligence – will replace many of the jobs of many low-skilled people.

I don’t believe in protecting jobs that could otherwise be intelligently automated. But those users who aren’t careful about “donating” their data might find it used to automate them out of relevancy. There could come a time when companies that own the resulting “intelligence” will own everything there is of value.

There is an implied social contract between people that assumes a basic level of goodness in all people. But too many forget that Facebook is a for-profit company, not a trusted confidante or even a neutral platform. Even if we believe that online privacy is already a lost cause, we’d be wise to remember one thing: not everything we do needs to be exposed and handed outright to commercial entities.

Trust should be a hard thing to earn, and for trust in third parties, constantly re-validated. We need to keep in mind that passive data sharing is a deliberate trust decision. I’m not suggesting we turn off the Internet, or give up on tech-based networking with our friends and family. But as we said back in my Air Force days – “The price of freedom is eternal vigilance.” 

Facebook may be where your friends are, but it isn’t your friend.

Why Can’t You Watch Private Videos On Youtube?

YouTube is today the 2nd most visited website in the world, with tens of billions of visits per month. As the largest video site in the world, there are 800 million videos on the platform as of 2023. However, not every video on YouTube is viewable by default. If you come across a YouTube video that displays “Video unavailable – This video is private”, it means the video has been set to private.

This guide explains why you can’t play private videos on YouTube, how one may allow others to watch his/her private videos, and how to change the visibility of a video to public, unlisted or private on YouTube.

Also see: How to Share and Collaborate a Playlist on YouTube with Friends

A private video on YouTube is a video that was marked as “Private” visibility by the uploader. As everyone can view your uploaded videos on YouTube, privacy is a great concern here. Therefore, YouTube allows users to freely set the visibility of each video they upload.

If the you set a video you upload as “private”, no one else can view the video except yourself and those you invited. Those who do not have the permission to access the video will see the “Video unavailable – This video is private” error message.

If you are not logged in to YouTube or your Google account, you will see a different message that says “Private video – sign in if you’ve been granted access to this video“.

The only way to watch a private video or stream on YouTube is to request permission from the uploader. The uploader will need to send an invite link to your Google account, and then you can view the video via the invite link.

Another way a private YouTube video can be viewable is when the uploader change the visibility of the video from Private to Public or Unlisted. That way everyone will have the permission to access the video.

Simply put, you cannot watch a private video without permission of the uploader. The same goes to your own videos. You can set a video as private so that no one else can view the video you upload.

Recommended Tip: How to Set YouTube to Always Play Highest Video Quality

To share a private YouTube video with a specific user, follow the steps below (screenshots are as of 2023).

In the Invitees column, enter the email addresses of users you want to invite to view your private video.

You may want to enable the “Notify via email” option to notify the users you invite by email.

Related: How to Undo or Clear YouTube “Not Interested” Feedback

After you’ve granted the permission from the uploader to access and watch the private YouTube video, you can directly open the URL to the private video on YouTube and you should be able to play it.

Note that you will need to sign in to your Google account in order to view the video if that account has been granted access to the private video.

Public means everyone on the Internet can view the video, whereas Unlisted means everyone can view the video but it won’t be listed anywhere on YouTube (e.g. YouTube Home, Suggestions, Related Videos and Searches). Unlisted videos can only be discovered and opened by manually visiting the video’s URL.

Everything You Should Know About Youtube: Private Vs Unlisted

Everything You Should Know About YouTube: Private vs Unlisted

Having said that, there are times when you (as a video uploader) don’t want the whole YouTube family to watch your video. There can be various reasons that can be categorized in different sections and you want a particular section of viewers to watch the same video. In those cases, you can use the customization settings to make the video available to people as YouTube Private or Unlisted. Yeah!!

YouTube Video Types & YouTube Platform

Everyone is using the same platform (YouTube), yet, many of them are getting reviews in millions & others are in thousands. Obviously, the time, content, video quality, & supporting things matter, however, the video-type-leveraging also plays a vital role that can boost your business (if you are into business). These video types can be as simple as Public to as specific as Private that limits your viewers & let you control your audience.

If you are running a business, there are plenty of questions that go through your mind while posting videos on YouTube. Should I make this public so my friends can also see the video along with the clients? Do I need to make a separate video for clients or share a webinar with them? Do I want my family to see these videos or just the people I’m working with?

So many questions yet you need to find ways to meet all the expectations and publish your videos as well. And the simplest & approachable way is, publishing your videos as Private or Unlisted so you will have full control over the viewers.

What Do You Mean By YouTube Private vs Unlisted? YouTube Private

As the name suggests, YouTube Private is all about keeping your video visible to a certain number of people (50 in total)    . That too, you will need to invite so choose the people wisely before sending the invitation for the video visibility. This goes without say but the YouTube Private videos don’t get listed under video recommendations & search results.

Additionally, it’s not a chain system where the invitees can send the invite link to other people so they can watch the video. Even after saying so, the invitee sends the link to another person, he/she won’t be able to watch it unless they have got the direct link from the uploader.

Also Read: How to Use YouTube in Picture-in-Picture Mode

YouTube Unlisted

Apart from the YouTube Private, another video type YouTube offers is Unlisted that is somewhere between the Private & Public category. Any YouTube video that comes under the YouTube Unlisted video category can’t be seen in video suggestions or search results. However, whoever has the link to the video can watch as well as share the video easily.

That means, in Youtube Unlisted videos, it can work like a chain system where viewers can watch & share the video link to other users as well.


Last but not the least, the Public video category is another section of videos YouTube offers to its uploaders. If you are going ahead with Public type while publishing the video, sky’s the limit for you. You have the whole YouTube world to view your video and more viewers or subscribers is the key to the right direction, we believe. Setting the video’s category Public will bring your video in Google Search results (if someone types in the right keywords). With the right kind of strategic decisions, the Public video category can profit you in many ways.

Difference Between YouTube Private & Unlisted

Now that we have got an idea about the YouTube video types, we can take the decision accordingly while publishing videos. Having said that, the above explanation is just an intro to what the video type means. If you are planning to stay on YouTube for a long time & we believe that you do, knowing about them in depth is a necessity. So here we will be talking about the differences between both types of videos, YouTube Private & YouTube Unlisted.

Also Read: YouTube Loading Slow: Here’s How to Fix

Advantages of Creating a Video, “YouTube Private”

1. Own Video Library

Obviously, if you are sharing your personal videos to a limited number of people, those are close to you. And since you have all the control over those videos, soon it will become your own video library. Please know that those videos can be anything from secret project to comic books or art because YouTube doesn’t limit you to not put specific content videos unless they are compromising ones. So whenever you feel like watching them, go to your account and they are easily accessible to you, your own video library.

2. Organization Info Store

3. Video Sharing With Loved Ones

4. Storage Space Saving

Advantages of Creating a Video, “YouTube Unlisted”

1. Portfolio Sharing With Possibly-Future-Employers

Without a doubt, everyone of us would agree that the Unlisted YouTube category is a gift for users. More than 70% of people are doing jobs in the whole world & they don’t want the current employer to know that they are looking for other options. YouTube Unlisted can help you put in your portfolio in front of prospective employers and your current employer wouldn’t have a slightest idea about it. Isn’t this cool!!

2. Feedback Sharing For Co-Workers

Feedbacks are a very important aspect of running a business (no matter small or big) & it needs to be kept away from people you wouldn’t want to get access to. In case you have a running business where the employee strength is more than 50 people or simply a section you want to share the feedback with, go with Unlisted YouTube videos.

3. YouTube Page Redesigning

Not everyone is too happy with the video he/she made in the starting phase of posting videos on YouTube. So in case you want to untie yourself from those old videos that are embarrassing for you now, the Unlisted YouTube feature is for you. Plus, there are possibilities that the video has been shared or embedded by any of the users and it can be accessed again. So in those cases, if you switch to Unlisted YouTube video, the video visibility will be gone hence no access. Voila!!

Limitations of YouTube Unlisted Videos

Not every feature, app or software is perfect because users have their own expectations & manufacturers cannot amend accordingly. With YouTube Unlisted, one of the limitations is if your video is on playlist, it might appear publicly. Another limitation is a bit riskier because the unlisted YouTube videos get shared on other websites as there is a dedicated website for YouTube Unlisted videos altogether.

How to Change The YouTube Video Privacy Settings

Now that we have learnt about the video types that one can publish on YouTube, it’s important to know how to do so. You need to start the process by logging into the YouTube account & tap on the “Video & +” sign nearby the account profile picture.

Post doing so, choose the Upload Video option from the list & on the same page, you will see the list of making it either Public, Unlisted, or Private.

Choose your appropriate video type accordingly and go ahead with uploading the video on YouTube.

Wrapping Up:

Privacy protection is very important while you are on the internet & one loose end can give you nightmares. From Facebook to Instagram & YouTube, every one of those platforms are popular among users, however, while creating & uploading content, you need to be extra careful. For example, if you want to upload videos on YouTube & control your viewers, set the video privacy settings accordingly.

From YouTube Private to Unlisted YouTube & Public categories define your YouTube family so be careful while doing so.

Next Read

How To Make A GIF From A YouTube Video

How To Download YouTube Videos On Mac

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