Trending March 2024 # How To Use Port Query Tool (Portqry.exe) In Windows 11/10 # Suggested April 2024 # Top 4 Popular

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Port Query (PortQry.exe) is a command-line utility in the Windows operating system that you can use to help troubleshoot TCP/IP connectivity issues. The tool reports the port status of TCP and UDP ports on a computer that you select. In this post, we will show you how to use the Port Query tool for network reconnaissance or forensic activity.

Port Query (PortQry.exe) tool in Windows 11/10

Windows has many tools for diagnosing problems in TCP/IP networks (ping, telnet, pathping, etc.). But not all of them allow you to conveniently check the status or scan opened network ports on a server. The chúng tôi utility is a convenient tool to check the response of TCP/UDP ports on hosts to diagnose issues related to the operation of various network services and firewalls in TCP/IP networks. Most often, the Portqry utility is used as a more functional replacement for telnet command, and unlike telnet, it also allows you to check open UDP ports.

Computer systems use TCP and UDP for most of their communication, and all versions of Windows open many ports that provide useful functionality such as file sharing and remote procedure call (RPC). However, malicious programs such as Trojan horses can use ports nefariously to open a back door for attackers into your computer system. Whether you need to troubleshoot a necessary network service or detect unwanted programs, you need to be able to understand and manage the traffic between computers on your network. A basic step toward doing so is determining which programs are listening on your computer systems’ network ports.

How to use Port Query Tool (PortQry.exe)

You can use Port Query both locally and remotely on a server. To use chúng tôi you will need to download the tool. Once you download chúng tôi extract the chúng tôi archive, then open command prompt and run the command below to go to the directory with the utility:

cd c:PortQryV2

Alternatively, you can navigate to the folder where you downloaded the tool to, and press Alt + D key combo, type CMD and hit Enter to launch command prompt within the directory.

You can now proceed to use the tool.

Remotely use Port Query (PortQry.exe) tool

Port Query can scan remote systems, but it’s slow and unsophisticated compared with other port scanners. For example, unlike Nmap, chúng tôi doesn’t let you perform scans that use specified packet flags (e.g., SYN, FIN).

For example, to check the availability of a DNS server from a client, you need to check if 53 TCP and UDP ports are open on it. The syntax of the port check command is as follows:

Where:

-n is the name or IP address of the server, which availability you are checking;

-e is the port number to be checked (from 1 to 65535);

-r is the range of ports to be checked (for example, 1:80);

-p is the protocol used for checking. It may be TCP, UDP or BOTH (TCP is used by default).

In our example, the command looks like this:

PortQry.exe –n 10.0.25.6 -p both -e 53

PortQry.exe can query a single port, an ordered list of ports, or a sequential range of ports. chúng tôi reports the status of a TCP/IP port in one of the following three ways:

Listening:

A process is listening on the port on the computer that you selected. chúng tôi received a response from the port.

Not Listening:

No process is listening on the target port on the target system. chúng tôi received an Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) “Destination Unreachable – Port Unreachable” message back from the target UDP port. Or if the target port is a TCP port, Portqry received a TCP acknowledgment packet with the

Reset

 flag set.

Filtered:

The port on the computer that you selected is being filtered. chúng tôi did not receive a response from the port. A process may or may not be listening on the port. By default, TCP ports are queried three times, and UDP ports are queried one time before a report indicates that the port is filtered.

Locally use Port Query (PortQry.exe) tool

What PortQry lacks in remote scanning features it makes up for with its unique local-machine capabilities. To enable local mode, run PortQry with the -local switch. When -local is the only switch used, PortQry enumerates all local port usage and port-to-PID mapping. Instead of sorting the data by open port, PortQry lists it according to PID, letting you quickly see which applications have open network connections.

To watch port 80, you’d run the command below:

portqry -local -wport 80 Using PortQryUI

It’s also worth mentioning that Microsoft also made available a graphical front end to PortQry, called PortQryUI.

PortQryUI includes a version of chúng tôi and some predefined services, which consist simply of groups of ports to scan.

The PortQueryUI contains several predefined sets of queries to check the availability of the popular Microsoft services:

Domain and trusts (checking ADDS services on an Active Directory domain controller)

Exchange Server

SQL Server

Networking

IP Sec

Web Server

Net Meeting

Possible return codes in PortQueryUI is highlighted in the image above:

0 (0x00000000) – the connection has been established successfully and the port is available.

1 (0x00000001) – the specified port is unavailable or filtered.

2 (0x00000002) – a normal return code when checking the availability of a UDP connection, since ACK response is not returned.

Hope this helps.

Read next: How to check what Ports are open?

You're reading How To Use Port Query Tool (Portqry.exe) In Windows 11/10

How To Use The Windows 11 Hdr Calibration Tool.

If you have a monitor with HDR support, you’ve probably tried using HDR a few times and never really seen any noticeable positive changes. While the quality of HDR will primarily depend on your monitor’s hardware, Microsoft has finally released an app that gives Windows some extra HDR calibration options.

Related: How to stop the Snipping Tool on Windows 11 from autosaving screenshots.

HDR monitors have been around for quite a long time now though getting really high-quality HDR results is still exclusive to high-end monitors. In an attempt to make budget HDR a better experience, Microsoft has expanded upon Windows HDR options with a new app that allows some basic HDR adjustment. Prior to this, HDR was either enabled or disabled which left very undesirable results for most people.

If you’re looking to use the new HDR calibration tool on Windows, you’ll need to download an extra app from the Microsoft Store as it is not included in Windows by default (stupid I know). Once you have installed the HDR calibration tool on your device, you’ll be able to manually configure settings to suit your current requirements. Just keep in mind that this isn’t going to solve everything and sadly isn’t available on Windows 10 devices. Which does suck.

How to calibrate your monitor’s HDR settings on Windows. Windows 11 HDR colour calibration.

To begin adjusting HDR settings on your monitor on Windows you’ll need to head on over to the Microsoft Store and download the HDR Calibration app. Once you have the app installed on your computer you can start making some adjustments to HDR settings.

Now that you have the tool installed, open it and drag it onto the HDR monitor you want to calibrate. You’ll obviously need to make sure that you have HDR enabled for the monitor in Display settings as well

Now that you have the HDR Calibration tool open on your screen, drag the slider around until the pattern is no longer visible. Once the slider is no longer visible you have theoretically adjusted everything properly.

Keep in mind that you will probably want to fine-tune these settings according to the content that you are primarily using your monitor for. You’ll also be limited by the quality of your monitor’s HDR performance but it’s nice to know that Microsoft is actually trying to accommodate budget monitors with HDR support.

What if you have more than one HDR monitor to calibrate on Windows?

If you have more than one HDR monitor connected to your Windows computer, you will need to make sure HDR is enabled on each monitor, then repeat the same process as you just did on your original monitor.

Does it actually make using a low-budget HDR Monitor with Windows worthwhile?

Well, this is a tricky one as you will need to try it to find out as it varies huge amounts between monitors. I have two mid-range HDR monitors and the results are better on one than the other. It also depends on the type of content you are watching or playing. Some games seem to optimise HDR settings better than others. Either way, though it’s nice to see the feature added and would be even better if it was a native option on Windows.

Snipping Tool Locked, Freezes, Or Crashing In Windows 11/10

Windows 11/10 offers a built-in tool — Snipping Tool — to take screenshots. While it works well, users have reported that, at times, it causes Windows to get locked or freeze and sometimes even crash. This is a similar scenario that occurs when the Print Screen button is used. This post will guide you on fixing the problem where the Snipping Tool gets Windows 11/10 locked, freezes, or crashes the OS.

Here is one thing to understand. The word locked, freezes, and crashes do not mean literally. It is what users feel about it because they cannot use the computer as expected, and the snipping tool doesn’t go away.

Snipping Tool locked, freezes, or crashing in Windows 11/10

Use these suggestions to fix this Snipping tool issue.

Run System File Checker

Close Snipping Tool using Al + Tab

Run System Maintenance troubleshooter

Update graphics driver

You will need an admin user account to sort the problem.

1] Run System File Checker

Open Run prompt using Win + R and then press shift+ enter after typing CMD. Once the command prompt opens with admin privileges, type sfc /scannow in the command line, press the Enter key. Relaunch the tool by typing snippingtool.exe on the command prompt. Then try taking a screenshot, and see if the issue persists.

2] Close Snipping Tool using Al + Tab

At times, the Snipping tool in Windows stops working in the middle of taking a screenshot. The app doesn’t close itself and offers a screenshot, but instead, the screen stays dimmed.  You can also not use any other program because Snipping Tool stays on top of everything, even Task Manager. In this case, follow the steps to close the snipping tool.

Use Alt+Tab still, and it will list all the open programs.

Next to the Snipping tool losing, there is a small X that appears.

Hover an application thumbnail with the mouse. Using this, you can close Snipping Tool.

You can try to open the Task Manager using Ctrl + Shift + Esc, locate the Snipping tool listing, and close the program. However, it may not work all the time as the snipping tool still stays on the top.

3] Run System Maintenance troubleshooter

Windows 10 offers a built-in System Maintenance troubleshooter that helps find and clean up problems that cause the problem on the computer.

Alternatively, you could run the following command:

%systemroot%system32msdt.exe -id MaintenanceDiagnostic

Check if the problem reappears.

4] Update the graphics driver

Screenshot tools use the display drivers to capture part of the screen. If there is a conflict with the driver and the screenshot tool, things like this may happen. While it’s rare to happen and causes other problems, you can check if the OEMs website offers any driver updates. If yes, then update the display driver and check if the issue resurfaces.

FAQs on Snipping tool and Windows 10 Freeze

Here are few questions related to Snipping Tool that will help you understand the problem.

Win + Shift+ S freezing

It’s a shortcut to launch the snipping tool, and because of conflict with the display driver, the computer might freeze.

How do you unfreeze the Snipping Tool?

You can use the ALT + TAB to close the snipping tool. It will reveal all the open windows, and then you can choose to close the app.

Why did my Snipping Tool stop working?

It’s because of the conflict with the display driver or the problem within the app.

Read: Snip and Sketch freezes.

I hope the post was easy to follow, and you were able to understand the problem behind the issue, which causes Windows 11/10 to freeze when using the Snipping tool.

How To Use Alarms In Windows 11

Alarms are always necessary if you want to manage things on time. Other than smartphones and smartwatches, Windows 11 PC or Laptop also comes with the Alarm feature. If you don’t know How to use Alarms in Windows 11, I have prepared a detailed guide on how you can set alarms in Windows 11, along with some tips and tricks, so that you don’t have to look anywhere else.

How to Open Clock app in Windows 11

With the new update of the Clock app (Previously known as Alarms & Clock) in Windows 11, Microsoft has added features and has made UI changes so that the users will be more interested in using the app. If you have never used the app or don’t remember how to open the Clock app in Windows 11, then you can follow these steps:

Step 1: Open Start and search for Clock.

You will see the new UI of the Clock app for Windows 11. Now to set alarms in Clock, check below:

How to Set Alarm on Windows 11 PC

Like the previous Alarms & Clock app, you can set the alarm in the new Clock app. To set an Alarm on any computer running Windows 11, you need to:

Edit Alarms in Windows 11 PC/Laptop

But what if you want to delete an alarm from the Clock app in Windows 11? There are two different ways to delete alarms in Windows 11.

Method 2

Delete an Alarm on Windows 11

Deleting an alarm is as easy as creating one. There are three ways with which you can delete alarms in windows 11. You need to be on the Clock app for Windows 11 on your PC or Laptop to do any of them. After that:

Method 1: With this step, you can either delete one alarm or multiple alarms in Windows 11.

Method 2: Unlike the previous method, you will be only able to delete one alarm at a time with this method.

There won’t be any confirmation window. You won’t be able to recover a deleted alarm in Windows 11.

Method 3: Just like the second method, you will be only able to delete one Alarm at a time. In this method:

These are the three different ways to delete alarms in Windows 11.

Bonus: How to Use Timer in Windows 11

If your need is something where you need a timer instead of an alarm, then follow these steps:

After setting the timer, you can find it under the Timer page if you want to use the same timer again. You can follow the steps to delete alarms and delete the timers if you want to.

Frequently Asked Questions

Does Windows 11 have a Clock?

Yes, Windows 11 comes with a great clock app with all the great features you can expect. If you want to set the alarm in Windows 11 clock, you can read our guide.

Can I set an alarm on my Windows computer?

Yes, you can set the alarm on Computers and Laptops running Windows 11, but the steps for it are also very easy. You can follow our article if you wanna know how to do it.

Can I set an alarm on my Windows computer?

Final Words

Microsoft wants its users to use all the features available in their Windows 11 Operating system. That could be why they have fully updated even small apps like Clock. You can now set Alarms, timers, and many other features that you expect from a great Clock app. I have explained how you can create, edit, and delete alarms in Windows 11. Please ask if you have any suggestions or queries about the steps or methods mentioned here.

How To Download Windows 11/10 Iso Without Using Media Creation Tool

Many a time you need to download Windows ISO files to install Windows 11 or Windows 10 fresh on your PC. The reason to do that could be because your Windows 11/10 Upgrade didn’t go well or your existing installation got corrupt, and the only way out is to install the operating system again.

Microsoft offers you to download ISO files from their website, but only using Media Creation Tool. This tool lets you create a bootable USB. The drawback of this method is you will have to re-download the files, again and again, every time you need it. In this post, we are talking about a procedure to download Windows 11 or Windows 10 ISO files directly from Microsoft servers, without using the multimedia tool.

Download Windows 11 ISO without using Media Creation Tool

You can easily download Windows 11 ISO without using Media Creation Tool from the official website of Microsoft. Just follow the given steps and you will be good to go.

Scroll down to Download Windows 11 Disk Image (ISO), and from the drop-down menu, select Windows 11.

Finally, wait for the process to complete and Windows 11 ISO file will be downloaded.

How do I install Windows 11 from ISO?

To install Windows 11 from an ISO file, you can use different methods. You can use Rufus to create a bootable USB and then install the OS, or you can create Windows 11 bootable installation media using the Media Creation Tool. Or if you want a portable option, you can create a Windows To Go version of the OS on a suitable USB and then use it to utilize Windows 11 on your computer.

Download Windows 10 ISO without using Media Creation Tool

Similarly, you can easily download Windows 10 ISO without using Media Creation Tool from the official website of Microsoft. Just follow the given steps and you will be good to go.

Scroll down to Download Windows 11 Disk Image (ISO), and from the drop-down menu, select Windows 11.

That said, the process is completely legal, and we are doing it so we don’t have to download the ISO again, and again.

However, if you are updating a number of PCs or a PC that doesn’t have direct access to the internet or is restricted, this will come in handy.

Should I install Windows 11 on an unsupported PC?

Windows 11 is new and exciting, and it is enticing to use something new, but you have to think about the consequences it can have on your computer. It can make your computer sluggish, as the new OS is not optimized to work on your system.

Microsoft has also ensured that they will continue to support Windows 11 until October 2025. So, you can rest assured that you won’t face any issues if you continue to use Windows 10.

However, there is still a way by which you can use Windows 11 on your  PC, that is to install it on a Virtual Machine. You can install Windows 11 on VirtualBox or VMware and get a similar experience.

But, if you want to, you can install Windows 11 on unsupported hardware. So, do that, and see how your computer responds. Sometimes, it can run smoothly as well, so, try and decide for yourself.

Is Windows 11 faster than Windows 10?

According to Microsoft, Windows 11 is faster than Windows 10, and they are backing this claim by giving us the reason for the same.

Windows 11, will have better memory management, so, you will notice that more apps will stay in the memory. This also means that apps will launch quicker than earlier, and the time to wake from sleep will also be less. So, all in all, we can say that Windows 11 will have better memory optimization than its predecessor.

They have also dialed up the efficiency resulting in a well-balanced system, with ample power and a good battery. Windows 11 has a smaller footprint than Windows 10, which will help you to save a few extra GBs. So, we can conclude that if you are installing Windows 11 on a supported system, it will be more powerful than Windows 10.

Read: Download Windows 11/10 Enterprise Trial Version Setup Free.

Windows 10 Bloatware Removal Tool

Each device manufacturer adds certain applications and services unique to their brand of devices. These apps target to automate certain services, such as Windows 10 updates, firmware updates, junk cleaning, and much more. However, more often than not, users hardly find themselves using these applications.

If you do not find yourself using these applications, you may be wondering how to delete bloatware in Windows 10. While we have already covered how to delete preinstalled Windows 10 bloatware applications using other methods, here we shall focus on windows10debloater, which is a freeware PowerShell script designed specifically for this purpose.

Essentially, windows10debloater is a PowerShell script that runs when granted administrative privileges. However, since Windows 10 natively blocks running scripts, you will have to read the website for the updated methods on how to run these scripts on your computer.

There are three versions of this Windows bloatware remover, each functioning slightly different than the other. These three versions of the Windows 10 bloatware removal tool are:

Windows10SysPrepDebloater.ps1

This is the silent version of the script, which is executed automatically upon boot. The script runs with certain parameters which include the following:

The Debloat parameter removes the bloatware from your computer.

When you add the Remove-keys switch along with the Debloat parameter, the PowerShell script will also remove the registry keys associated with the bloatware which is removed from your computer.

Protect-Privacy parameter changes certain registry keys that block the telemetry collection functions, prevents Cortana from indexing your search, and disables the scheduled tasks among other functions.

The optional switch Stop-EdgePDF blocks Microsoft Edge from being used as the default PDF viewer.

Windows10debloater.ps1

This is the interactive version of the script, requiring active input from the user regarding the bloatware removal process. This is beneficial if the user requires complete control over what needs to be removed from the computer.

Windows10debloaterGUI.ps1

As the name suggests, this is the graphical user interface version of the application. This may be essential for the users who are not comfortable running scripts and may end up using certain switches by mistake.

Note: It is recommended that you create a system backup before using the tool, which will allow you to restore your data in case anything goes wrong.

Removing Windows 10 bloatware with this tool is actually quite easy, as you will simply be running a PowerShell script for removing the unnecessary applications from your computer. To use the Windows 10 bloatware removal tool, follow these steps:

Visit the GitHub page of the tool, and download the zip file containing the three versions of the tool.

After the extraction completes, there are two methods that you can use to execute these scripts. Let us discuss the easier way in which you will not have to leave the PowerShell window after changing the execution policy.

Open an elevated PowerShell window, from either the start menu or the WinX menu, if you have not replaced PowerShell with CMD.

Set-ExecutionPolicy Unrestricted -Force

Next, change the active directory to where you extracted the debloater scripts using the cd switch.

Now, simply enter the name of the script after a dot and backward slash (./ to denote relative location). Follow the image below for the same.

PowerShell will create the C:TempWindows10debloater folder, which will be used for storing the logs created when you run the script.

.Windows10SysPrepDebloater.ps1 -Sysprep, -Debloat -Privacy

On the same GitHub page, you will also find the information regarding the components which will be removed from your computer. Apart from all the bloatware removed, additionally, the tool also removes the following:

Registry keys: EclipseManager, ActiproSoftwareLLC, Microsoft.PPIProjection, Microsoft.XboxGameCallableUI

Scheduled Tasks: XblGameSaveTaskLogon, XblGameSaveTask, Consolidator, UsbCeip, DmClient

So there you have it. Now you know how to use windows10debloater to remove the unnecessary applications installed on your computer. Comment below if you found this useful, and to discuss further the same.

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