Trending December 2023 # Jay Blahnik Provides Details Of The Apple Watch Creation Process In Memo To Employees # Suggested January 2024 # Top 13 Popular

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The memo says that the creation of the Apple Watch “touched almost every team” at the Cupertino company, and looks to Blahnik for example of how the health and fitness aspects of the device were developed. The health expert says that Apple has “studied more people, in more conditions than most university research has ever done.”

Blahnik goes on to talk about the need to create all of the watch’s health software in-house rather than relying on work done by external companies.

He says that of the two fitness-focused apps that ship with the watch—Activity and Workout—the former was a bigger challenge to create because the development team needed to find a way to simply convey three important aspects of fitness. The Activity app went through hundreds of different interfaces before the final design was chosen.

Blahnik also says the rings in the Activity app have the potential to redefine how people view their daily activity.

The full memo is included below:

When Tim introduced Apple Watch, he said it would be “our most personal device ever.” The creation of this incredible product touched almost every team here at Apple. To give you an idea of just how much went into Apple Watch, let’s look at one aspect of the product: health and fitness.

“The health and fitness space is relatively new to Apple, and we had a lot to learn to make the best product possible,” says Jay Blahnik. A fitness expert and author, Jay came to the company a year and a half ago to help shape the activity and workout features of Apple Watch.

“We needed to study the conditions in which the device would be worn and build expertise on how to measure all-day activity and exercise. At the scale we sell our product, we couldn’t just use off-the-shelf algorithms. We needed to build our own knowledge base from the ground up. In many ways, the health and fitness research and testing we have done is historic. We’ve studied more people, in more conditions than most university research has ever done,” he says.

Apple Watch launches with two apps to help the user live a better day by being more active: the Workout app and the Activity app. The Workout app is designed to function like a sports watch during workouts, including running, walking, cycling and cardio machines in the gym.

“Of course, the Workout app was challenging because it needed to function like a high-end sports watch, but also be simple to use and visually motivating,” says Jay.

The bigger challenge, he adds, was the Activity app. “From day one, we wanted to build something iconic, not just another version of a pedometer. We kept asking ourselves what we could do to measure all-day activity that would be more useful than traditional all-day activity trackers?”

The answer was a simple philosophy: “Sit less, move more, and get some exercise,” he says. “That became the guiding principle we built the Activity app around.”

One of the trickiest elements was attempting to communicate the three metrics without making it complicated. The human interface and design teams iterated on literally hundreds of different concepts to communicate this 3-dimensional way of looking at your all-day activity. “The first time we saw the current Activity Rings design that ended up being the final design in the app, we knew that was it. Simple, elegant, unique, easy to view, visually motivating and fun,” he says. “Generally speaking, health and fitness often gets highjacked to be about one number. You lost 10 pounds; now you’re done,” he says. “Plenty of people move enough, but they don’t ever hit the level of a brisk walk. And plenty of people get their exercise, but they also sit too much during the rest of their day. And some people don’t sit too much, but they also don’t move enough. The Activity rings make it easy to see the whole picture in one glance. Whether you are an athlete or just trying to be more active, we think the Activity rings are going re-define the way people look at their all-day activity, and motivate them to do more.”

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Retain Employees Strategies: Top 10 Strategies To Retain Employees In A Workplace

You are now in a position of loss because a top performer has just resigned. Why is this happening? How will it impact other employees?

You will need to rely on your employees and make them more responsible. You will continue to search for a replacement for that employee. This is a huge task, especially if the employee is already stretched. These actions can increase stress and uncertainty among your employees.

Because of the possibility of further fallout, it is natural to believe that one employee’s departure could cause other employees to feel the same. It can, at the most, affect employees’ morale, which can lead to lower work performance.

This is the time to ensure that your company is doing everything possible to increase job satisfaction and keep employees.

Why do employees leave?

Also read: 5 Best Resource Capacity Planning Tools for Teams

Most likely, you will hear one or several of these reasons from your departing employee.

Inadequate salaries and benefits

Feeling overwhelmed by work or lacking support from the team

You need to find a balance between your work life and your personal life.

Recognition and appreciation are lacking


Unhappy with management team

Be concerned about the company’s financial health, and its direction

Are you dissatisfied by the company culture?

The desire to make positive changes

Strategies to Retain Employees

You need strategies to keep employees happy if your company is in danger of losing top talent. These are some ways to increase employee satisfaction and retain top talent within your company.

1. Onboarding and Orientation

Each new hire must be helped to settle in and find success as soon as they start their job. Onboarding sessions should explain the job and provide information about company culture. How they can thrive in the new environment, office, and culture. This is the most important step.

Your company’s support and training can make a lasting impression on their tenure.

You might be a mobile phone repair shop. Onboarding should not be limited to training on the software for cellphone repair shops. It should also include a discussion about your shop’s culture and how it operates while fixing devices.

2. Mentoring Programs

A work buddy can help a new employee get to know their colleagues . These work buddies can also welcome new employees to the company and help them navigate.

Experienced employees teach new employees the ropes. They also give new perspectives to the more experienced.

Also read: The 15 Best E-Commerce Marketing Tools

3. Employee Compensation

Employers must be compensated competitively. It also means that companies must regularly review and adjust their salaries.

You can offer other compensation, even if the salary cannot be increased. These compensations could be in the form paid time off, bonuses, or other forms.

These benefits, as well as retirement plans and health insurance, are essential. These valuable offerings can increase job satisfaction and help employees to stay employed.

4. Perks

Your employees will be more likely to take a liking to your company’s perks and to reengage them. This will increase employee morale. Flexible schedules, parental leave, remote work and parental leave are all perks employees most value.

You can evaluate your business to see what you have to offer your employees.

5. Wellness Offers

It’s good business to keep employees physically, mentally, and financially healthy. Many companies have been urged to enhance and expand their wellness programs in order to ensure that employees feel valued and supported, despite the current pandemic.

6. Communication

The pandemic has also enabled us to underscore the need for good workplace communication. Employees reporting to you should feel that they can come to you if they have an idea, concern, or questions at any time.

Similarly, you should promote constructive, timely, and positive communication across all departments, including remote and onsite employees. Please make sure you actively connect with every staff member daily to get a sense of their job satisfaction and workload.

7. Constant Feedback on Performance

Most company owners are abandoning annual performance reviews in support of frequent meetings with every team member. In such one-on-one sessions, discuss the short and long-term career goals of your employees.

Also read: The Proven Top 10 No-Code Platforms of 2023

8. Development and Training

You can retain employees by helping them figure out their key areas for professional growth as part of your continuous feedback on performance. It can include needing to learn new skills. Getting new skills is extremely important in the current era as technology alters our work.

Substantially, when people learn new skills, they learn new tricks to keep up with the evolving business requirements. So, make sure you invest in the professional development of your employees. Make them attend virtual conferences, pay for continuing education, and provide tuition reimbursement.

9. Recognition and Rewards

Every employee needs to feel appreciated for their work. It’s important to understand your employees in today’s environment.

Recognize your employees for going above and beyond to help you. Mention how hard they worked to help employees. Many companies have reward systems to encourage great ideas and innovation.

Also read: iPhone 14 Pro Max Is Apple’s New iPhone To Be Launched In September (Know The Release Date, Specification, Rumour & More)

10. Work/life balance

How do you communicate your time management to your employees? Are you expecting your employees to be available 24/7/365?

A healthy work-life balance can make it easier to be happy at work. Managers must understand that employees have lives beyond the office. Encourage employees to establish boundaries and allow them to take a vacation. To compensate, give your employees extra time off if they have to sit in late to finish tasks.

These ten strategies to retain your employees are just a few ways that you can improve the job satisfaction of your employees. You must keep up to date with the market’s standards for benefits and salaries. To create a positive workplace culture, you should use the best practices.

The Dock In Watchos 3 Breathes New Life Into The Apple Watch

The Dock in watchOS 3 was arguably the biggest new feature to hit the Apple Watch at WWDC 2023. It’s a feature that allows you to find and switch to your most used apps. It takes the best of the Glances model from previous versions of watchOS and merges it with an updated and actionable interface.

The Dock promotes using apps in a way that no such feature on the Apple Watch has until now. In my opinion, it breathes new life into the Apple Watch, providing practical functionality that was missing in previous iterations of watchOS. Have a look at our hands-on dive into the Dock as we explore this exciting new feature.

Out with Friends, in with Dock

In versions of watchOS prior to watchOS 3, the physical Side button that rests below the Digital Crown was used for invoking the Friends carousel. In watchOS 3, the Friends carousel has been supplanted by the Dock. This is a fundamental change in the way the Apple Watch works, and is a surefire sign that Apple is willing to pivot when it comes to features on a platform that’s still fresh and malleable.

Reassigning the Side button to the Dock provides an immense improvement in overall function and practicality. I, for one, never used the Friends interface, and I felt that such a precious hardware button was wasted by using it that way. With watchOS 3, the Side button has been reassigned to a feature that’s truly worthy of a physical hardware button, and that’s speaks volumes considering that there are only two buttons on the Apple Watch.

Video walkthrough

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Upgraded Glances

In previous versions of watchOS, swiping up from the bottom of the screen while on the watch face revealed a list of Glances — cards that provided quick summaries of information pertaining to apps and system-level details.

Glances have been replaced in watchOS 3, but the overall idea of Glances hasn’t been removed; it’s been improved. And unlike Glances, which were only accessible via the watch face, the Dock can be invoked from anywhere on the watchOS interface.

Virtually everything about Glances is now achievable via the Dock, and provides a more reliable and consistent interface for gleaning quick details about apps, having access to your most recently used app, and launching apps.

The Dock isn’t perfect yet, and there are still some issues that need to be worked out with features like the Now Playing interface, but as the watchOS 3 beta progresses, it should get better over time.

Background App Refresh

All of the apps placed in the Dock are kept in a suspended state in memory and are ready to launch at a user’s request. Once the user settles in on one of the apps in the Dock, it will be automatically resumed, even while it’s still shrunk down in the Dock. In the meantime, a snapshot of its last state is displayed.

This is where the new background app refresh APIs come into play. Background app refresh APIs make it possible to update snapshots, which provide updated information to the user, even if just looking at an app in the Dock without fully switching to it. You can see examples of this with some of Apple’s stock apps. For instance, the Timer app will countdown the amount of time remaining while shrunken in the Dock.

It’s even possible for Dock snapshots to differ from the information provided once a user taps and opens the full associated app. This could be handy for presenting more “glanceable” views while perusing the dock, but providing more detailed information when a user switches to the app in question.

Invoking the Dock

To invoke the Dock in watchOS 3, simply press the Side button. The great thing about having a physical button assigned to the Dock is that it allows you to access it from anywhere: at the watch face, while inside apps, etc.

The Dock features a card interface that represents all of the apps you have stored there, along with the most recent app that you’ve used.

You can use swipe gestures or the Digital Crown to navigate through the Dock. To switch to a particular app in the Dock, tap on the app that you wish to open.

Adding apps to the Dock

The whole point of the Dock is to allow users to add and access frequently used apps. To add an app to the dock, do the following:

Step 1: Open the app that you wish to add

Step 2: Press the Side button to open the Dock

Step 3: Swipe up on the most recent app card, which should be the app you opened in step 1

Step 4: Tap Keep in Dock

Once you add an app to the dock, it will stay there until you remove it. Up to 10 apps can be added to the dock, along with the most recently used app.

Note: You can also manage Dock apps via the Watch app on your paired iPhone.

Removing apps from the Dock

To remove apps from the Dock, perform the following:

Step 1: Press the Side button to open the Dock

Step 2: Navigate to the app card you wish to remove

Step 3: Swipe up on the app card

Step 4: Tap the Remove button

Rearranging apps in the Dock Conclusion

As the watchOS 3 beta progresses, it’ll be interesting to see how the Dock is refined and improved. Apple already has an excellent start with the Dock’s initial implementation, but there is room for improvement.

I’d like to see the ability to switch to the Dock and select an app using only hardware buttons. You can already scroll through the list of apps with the Digital Crown, but you have to tap the screen to select an app from the Dock.

I’d also like to see an improved Now Playing interface, perhaps even making it a standalone app.

But even with those opportunities for improvement, the Dock is already far and away my favorite software feature of the Apple Watch. Launching, monitoring, and switching between apps now makes a lot more sense thanks to the Dock in watchOS 3.

Be sure to watch our full watchOS 3 video walkthrough for a look at many more of the new Apple Watch features shown at WWDC 2023.

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The Best Screen Protectors For The Apple Watch Ultra

Kaitlyn Cimino / Android Authority

Stretching 1.5 inches across users’ wrists, the display on the Apple Watch Ultra is one of the wearable’s biggest selling points. Between scrolling text, loading apps, and reading maps, you’ll likely find the added real estate brings a lot of value to your daily experience. But how do you protect such a large piece of glass? For starters, the Ultra’s durability specs alone should warrant a good deal of comfort. If you’re still wary, read on to learn about the best Apple Watch Ultra screen protectors you can buy.

The best Apple Watch Ultra screen protectors

Built to weather grueling workouts and weather, plus hikes, dives, and more, the Apple Watch Ultra boasts impressive toughness, including a front sapphire crystal over its display. That said, one of these top screen protectors may keep your smartwatch in pristine shape for even longer.

Spigen GlasTR EZ Fit: The best Apple Watch Ultra screen protector for easy installation


A reliable brand with quality products, Spigen already made our list of the best Apple Watch Ultra cases you can buy… twice. It’s not surprising the company’s screen protectors are equally well-constructed for protecting Apple wearables’ displays. Made from tempered glass guaranteed to maintain your touchscreen’s sensitivity, Spigen screen protectors even ship with a useful application tray to streamline setup. The transparent models shown above are available in packs of two for $16.

Supershieldz Glass Screen Protector: The best pick for a smudge-free screen


Also featuring the same 9H hardness rating as the Spigens above, these Supershieldz glass screen protectors are just $6.99 for a pack of three. While the pack doesn’t offer a helpful application guide, each screen protector features a hydrophobic and oleophobic coating to ward off fingerprints, smudges, and sweat. That means clearer views of you on-screen stats and maps.

Ailun Apple Watch Screen Protectors: Another affordable three-pack


Another affordable pack of three, Ailun screen protectors work out to less than $3 a pop. Meanwhile, they deliver built-tough tempered glass, high-definition clarity, and an effective anti-fingerprint coating. According to manufacturers, installation is easy and we found no reviews countering that claim, despite the lack of any installation guiding tools.

Zpiar Titanium Screen Protector: The best Apple Watch Ultra screen protector with a frame

Kaitlyn Cimino / Android Authority

Though available for less than $15 for a pack of two, Zpiar screen protectors offer a more elevated design. Rather than solely a layer of tempered glass, each screen protector features a titanium frame that perfectly matches the finish of the Apple Watch Ultra. The result is strong, reliable protection that blends in with your device, offering added scratch resistance without compromising touch sensitivity. Notably, some reviewers mentioned issues removing bubbles from under the screen protector during installation. However, Zpiar offers a 100% satisfaction guarantee or your money back, so it’s worth giving the brand a shot. 

Hoerrye Protective Face Cover: The best option with flair


Like the Zpiar’s, Hoerrye screen protectors also go beyond the glass with a full-integrated titanium frame. However, Hoerrye screen protectors come in four different finishes for anyone looking to jazz up their Apple Watch Ultra with pops of color. We love the option to match the Ultra’s Action Button with an orange frame. All four options feature tempered glass with 9H hardness and are highly rated for easy installation.


The Apple Watch Ultra features a flat, front sapphire crystal over its display. This material is highly resistant to scratches. On the other hand, Sapphire is more prone to cracks, which is why Apple uses a slightly different glass than what you would find on high-end watches meant for less active use. Additionally, the watch case is also designed with raised edges to further protect the glass from side impacts.

In theory, a screen protector should not be necessary on your Apple Watch Ultra considering the device’s built-in durability. However, when the extra layer of protection is so affordable, it seems like an easy step to further protect your investment.

Yes. The Apple Watch Ultra is safe to wear while showering, just be sure to thoroughly rinse soaps and shampoos from the device.

We think a successor to the Apple Watch Ultra is likely. Keep an eye on our Apple Watch Ultra 2 hub to learn everything we know and what we want to see.

How To Use The Compass On Apple Watch Series 5

Often people require a compass to find the proper direction. Mostly, compasses are used by travelers, but anyone might require a compass at any point in time. Other smartwatch manufacturers have been offering compass feature for quite some time and Apple has finally joined the bandwagon with Apple Watch Series 5.

The Compass app on Apple Watch Series 5 doesn’t need WiFi or iPhone to work. Next time you are stuck while hiking, use your Apple Watch Compass app to find your way out. In this article, we are going to walk you through some of the best ways in which you can use the Compass app on Apple Watch Series 5. Furthermore, the article will also help if you are facing any issues while using the Compass app on your Apple Watch.

How to Use the Compass App on Apple Watch Series 5

Step #1. First and foremost, you need to open the

Compass app on your Apple Watch.

on your Apple Watch.

Once you open the app, you will find that the compass app will show you the direction that the top of your watch is pointing to, and on the other hand, your bearing will appear in the top-left corner.

Note: This app uses the magnetic north by default although you can change it to true north. So in order to change from magnetic north to true north, you need to open the “Settings” on your Apple Watch Series 5 and then tap on the “Compass” menu. Finally, turn on the “Use True North” option.

Step #2. After selecting an appropriate north according to your choice, you need to hold your watch flat to align the crosshairs at the center of the compass to get the most accurate result.

Image Credit: Apple

As you will move after making the above-mentioned settings, you will find that the red cone that surrounds the compass needle shows you the accuracy of the heading.

Note: Usually, you will find that a narrow cone gives better accuracy than a wider cone.

In this step, you need to rotate the Digital Crown up in order to see your elevation, incline, and co-ordinates.

After seeing your elevation, inclination, and co-ordinates, you need to set up your bearing properly. So in order to set the bearing, firstly, you need to press firmly on the watch face and eventually use the Digital Crown to make the required adjustments.

Finally, in this step, you have to allow the Compass app to access your location. When you will open the Compass app for the first time, it will ask permission from you to access your current location. So, in order to allow the app to grant your current location, you need to tap on the screen while using the app.

How to Allow Compass to Access your Location on Apple Watch Series 5

Note: Sometimes it may happen that the app will not be able to detect your location. So in such a case, you need to follow below steps.

Step #1. open the “Settings” of your Apple Watch

Step #2. Now, tap on “Privacy.”

Step #3. Here you need to tap on the “Location Services” option and finally select the “Compass” menu.

So, in order to use a compass on your Apple Watch Series 5 effortlessly, you need to execute the above-mentioned steps successfully.


As promised at the beginning of this article, we have mentioned the easiest method to use a Compass app on your Apple Watch. We have discussed each and every step in a detailed manner so that you can use the Compass effortlessly.

You might want to take a peek at these posts as well:

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The founder of iGeeksBlog, Dhvanesh, is an Apple aficionado, who cannot stand even a slight innuendo about Apple products. He dons the cap of editor-in-chief to make sure that articles match the quality standard before they are published.

Problem Recognition In The Buying Process

Problem recognition is the initial stage in the lengthy consumer decision-making process and is critical for several reasons. For starters, it indicates why customers desire to acquire what they wish to buy. Second, it provides a clear direction for his upcoming purchasing behavior phases, such as information search and alternative evaluation: Third, it gives marketers enormous leeway in influencing how purchasers identify or do not realize their demands. As a result, a “virtuous loop” arises between consumer identification of an issue and marketers’ stimuli or signals that drive consumers to react in a desired manner.

It is also possible to categorize customers based on their distinct problem-recognition techniques. The first type of consumer believes they have a problem when their product fails to work adequately. For example, a consumer-purchased wristwatch no longer tracks precise time. The second sort of client recognizes a need or problem not because an existing product has failed to meet their expectations but because they want to own something new. This helps to explain why Titan watches found a ready market, although HMT wristwatches were essentially high-performance items.

Problem Recognition

Recognition of a need or problem may involve straightforward or complicated setups, depending on the circumstances. The phrase “simple problem recognition” refers to standard requirements that may be met virtually effortlessly. For instance, you could have bought a cool drink after seeing a soft drink kiosk while shopping with your buddies. This could also lessen the monotony of waiting for your buddies to show up there.

Complex issue recognition refers to the condition in which problem recognition emerges gradually but unambiguously over an extended period. The ideal state of the consumer’s thinking and the actual state diverge noticeably at some point. He becomes aware of the necessity as a result. For instance, a car owner could start to think about exchanging their vehicle for a new one after several years of use. Any factors, from rising repair costs to the availability of multiple new models, might be to blame. In the case of a straightforward problem, a customer will undoubtedly remember precisely the circumstances surrounding his need for the goods.

Nonetheless, even a highly cautious customer may err in complicated forms. Different levels of participation lead to these differences in remembering or forgetting to remember the awareness of the need. You will likely remember precisely what occurred before you contemplated purchasing that good or service, and vice versa, the more complex the purchase situation. In addition, many buying demands are identified and satisfied when shopping. They are referred to as impulsive purchases. The “perceived gap or mismatch between the existing and intended consumer positions for a certain product and service” is what is known as an issue.

The current consumer stance shows the customer’s thoughts and feelings on consuming or non-consumption a particular product. The intended customer scenario refers to his hopes and plans for using a particular good or service, whether they are used or not. The customer’s requirements are frequently shaped by the apparent chasm or difference between these two phases. So, there will be a perceived discrepancy between customers’ existing and ideal circumstances as they mature physically, financially, and psychologically.

A growing youngster will want a tricycle initially, followed by a bicycle and, maybe, a moped or motorcycle. Similarly, a homemaker will make shopping plans if she discovers that her kitchen or other domestic supplies are running low. However, natural variables like stock shortages, organic development, and financial growth take time to distinguish between mental states. Because of this, various marketing stimuli or activities often widen or accelerate the gaps between the existing and intended states of mind. These marketing initiatives either affect the intended state of mind, the present state of mind, or both.

Marketers may “induce” consumers’ unhappiness with the current selection of goods and services, given their current state of mind. This trend is an example of the introduction of perfectly angled toothbrushes, iodized salt, pure spices, etc. The marketers may even persuade the customers that the items are unnecessary. This displeasure is typically directed against “obsolete” functionality, design, and technology. However, market initiatives to address the past or present consumption situation are relatively modest. They have a rather gloomy vibe about them as well. So, marketers make most of their efforts to shape consumers’ “desired” states of mind.

The desired customer position is attained by promoting innovative applications for the items already on the market or by including newer product features. These marketing stimuli frequently assure customers of greater levels of enjoyment. Moreover, the marketer uses more excellent appeals and incentives to highlight the discrepancy between the actual and ideal consumption conditions, hastening the problem’s identification. The introduction of 3-door refrigerators, 40-channel Televisions, geared bicycles, consumer financing, and the availability of simple credit facilities are a few of the numerous techniques that Indian marketers have recently employed in this direction.

Threshold level in Problem Recognition

The perceived difference between consumers’ actual and desired states of mind, which is significantly impacted by marketing stimuli, is represented by issue recognition. Not every “gap” between these states of mind for a product or service will automatically result in its “need.” Instead, the perceived gap must exceed a certain threshold to trigger the purchase process. The phrase “minimum amount of tension, energy, or intensity which is essential for the experience to occur” describes the threshold level.

As a result, marketing activities are focused on widening the gap between customers’ existing and desired mental states and raising the tension level necessary to achieve need awareness. Examples of these marketing initiatives include the manufacturers’ own simple credit or repayment options for durable and non-durable items and joint ventures with organizations like banks or lease finance companies. Marketers frequently inflame consumer anxiety by contrasting customers with others who have purchased their goods. When the stress rises, a craving for acknowledgment results.

Problem Recognition in the Industrial Buying Process

When an employee of the firm identifies a problem or need that may be resolved by obtaining an item or a service, the purchasing process starts. Identification of a problem can emerge from both internal and external cues. Internally, the following are the most frequent occurrences that result in problem recognition −

The business intends to create a brand-new product and needs new machinery and supplies to manufacture it.

A piece of equipment has to be replaced or repaired.

The business explores alternatives after certain acquired materials appear subpar.

The purchase manager finds opportunities for better deals or higher-quality products

Plain stockout circumstances.


In most purchase situations, problem or need recognition is the first stage of the programmed buying decision process. Problem recognition refers to consumer attention to the gap between the ideal or desired state and the existing state of mind. Buying motives are the chief contribution to this gap, and it usually determines the content and direction of the rest of the decision-making process.

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