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As with Word 2007 and Excel 2007, PowerPoint uses the new Office user interface, which the company is now calling the Microsoft Office Fluentinterface. It replaces menu and tool bars and vertical text menus with a “ribbon” and tabbed panels that drop down and stretch across the screen, graphically depicting groups of functions.
In the other reviews, we expressed reservations concerning the new interface. Suffice it to say here that while it may in the long run increase productivity and creativity by making it easier for users to find and interact with commonly used ? and also seldom used but still valuable ? features, it will also require some re-learning, and likely entail some frustration, for experienced users of earlier versions.
Also, like the other programs in the Office suite, this new version of PowerPoint doesn’t give you as much opportunity as earlier versions to customize the way the program works. You’ll need to jetizon some existing customizations, including macros, in the transition to PowerPoint 2007. Finally, the program stores presentations in a new format that takes up less space ? but the new format cannot be opened by earlier versions of the program.
With that out of the way, let’s turn to the good news. PowerPoint 2007 does include some substantial changes and inarguable improvements.
Some are Office-wide features that we’ve talked about in previous reviews. Changes to Microsoft Office spell checker, for example, make it easier for semi-literate presentation authors to avoid embarrassment. As an example, PowerPoint now catches the misuse of homonyms (sound-alike words with different spellings), and it also lets you enter a list of words or phrases to avoid using, and flags them when you do.
You can now save slides and presentations as PDF or XMLPaper Specification (XPS) files within PowerPoint. (XPS preserves your formatting and ensures that data cannot be changed easily by others with whom you share the file.)
New security features let you add a digital signature to a presentation, strip out private metadatabefore publishing, and mark presentations or slides as final versions so that they’re read only.
Other changes in the 2007 edition are more specific to PowerPoint or have more specific application in this program. Here’s a brief list of some of the enhancements and feature additions we believe to be the most important:
New SmartArt graphics let you create editable designer-quality diagrams and charts.
The capability to create custom slide layouts makes it easier to customize presentations while preserving consistency.
A new Presenter view lets you show a presentation to the audience on one monitor while previewing upcoming slides and reading speaker notes from another screen.
Storing slides in a library on a Microsoft Office SharePoint Server 2007 means users can share and reuse slides, and avoid re-inventing the wheel.
In earlier versions of PowerPoint, you could create custom charts and diagrams by laboriously combining clip art, shapes, and text, but for professional-looking results you’d have to hire or use a designer. The artwork you got back would look nice, but typically could not be changed or edited.
You’ll find art for lists, processes, cycles, hierarchies, relationships, matrices and pyramids ? with a few designs for some categories, several for others.
PowerPoint 2007 also makes it easier to apply themes, the master designs that determine font, colors, text formatting, graphic treatment, and so on for an entire document, slide, or presentation. In the past, you had to change colors manually for charts, diagrams, or graphics to ensure they matched the theme selected.
Now when you choose a theme it automatically applies to graphics elements as well. You can select themes visually from the Design tab ? and Microsoft has added new themes with PowerPoint 2007 ? or download them, as in the past, from the Web.
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If you need a diagram that shows relationships with similarities and differences, a Venn diagram would serve you well. You can easily create a Venn diagram in Microsoft PowerPoint and customize its appearance.What Is a Venn Diagram?
A Venn diagram is a chart that uses overlapping circles to illustrate relationships. The items in the circles show the differences between them, while the overlapping areas of the circles show the similarities.
While widely used in mathematics, statistics, and computer science, you can use a Venn diagram in industries like marketing, education, and business. You can even use it for personal items, like house hunting, job searching, and vacation destinations.Types of Venn Diagrams
There are four common Venn diagram types, each serving a specific purpose. You can choose whichever type works best for your data.
Basic Venn diagram: uses at least two circles. You can use this type for most any kind of relationship between items, making it the most common.
Linear Venn diagram: normally contains at least three circles in a row. You can use this type to show relationships in a sequence or series.
Stacked Venn diagram: normally uses at least three circles. You can use this type to show relationships where each outer circle contains the one(s) inside.
Radial Venn diagram: includes at least three circles. The outer circles each relate to the center circle.
Now that you know the types of Venn diagrams available, let’s look at how to make one in Microsoft PowerPoint.Creating a Venn Diagram in PowerPoint
If you’re ready to create your Venn diagram, you can use the built-in SmartArt feature in Microsoft PowerPoint, allowing you to make your diagram in just minutes. It works differently than PowerPoint’s chart feature.Insert the Diagram
Go to the slide where you want the diagram or insert a new slide. We are using the “Blank” slide layout to keep the diagram as the main focus.
Head to the “Insert” tab and select “SmartArt” in the “Illustrations” section.
On Windows, you’ll see the SmartArt window open, allowing you to choose your diagram. Select “Relationship” on the left and choose one of the four Venn diagrams.
When your diagram appears on the slide, it’s time to get to work adding the text.Label the Circles (Optional)
You’ll see many Venn diagrams with labels outside the circles. Depending on the items you’re placing inside the circles, as well as the diagram’s purpose, you may want to include labels.
Go to the “Insert” tab and select “Text Box” in the “Text” section of the ribbon.
Draw the text box to the size you want, but keep in mind that you can resize it later.
Add your text inside, then drag the text box and place it next to the circle it relates to.
Do the same for the remaining circles in your Venn diagram if you wish.Enter the Circle Text
You have two ways to enter text in your diagram’s circles.
In the first method, select the text placeholder inside each circle to add your own text.
Insert the Overlapping Text
After you insert the items in the circles, you can add the text to the overlapping areas. Unfortunately, you cannot currently do this manually or with the Text Pane. You’ll need to insert text boxes and move them to the spots you need.
Follow the steps above for adding labels to select and draw the text box.
Add the text inside the box. Remember, this should include the similarities or same items for the circles that are overlapping.
Drag the text box to the union of the circles.
If necessary, drag an edge or corner to resize the text box. You can also select the text inside to highlight it and use the options in the floating toolbar (Windows only) or “Font” group on the “Home” tab to format it.
Continue to add text boxes and move them to your other overlapping areas.Add or Remove Circles
It’s easy to add more circles to your Venn diagram or remove one.
Add a Circle
To add a circle, go to the “SmartArt Design” tab and use the “Add Shape” drop-down menu to insert another circle.
Alternatively, use the Text Pane. Press Enter or Return after the last item. This inserts a new line of text and another circle at the same time.
Remove a Circle
To remove a circle, select it within the diagram and press the Delete key. Alternatively, use the Text Pane for this as well. Use the Delete or Backspace key to remove a line item, which will also remove its circle.Customize the Diagram Appearance
Similar to other types of diagrams in PowerPoint, you can customize the colors and style of your Venn diagram.
Select the diagram and go to the “SmartArt Design” tab. Use the options in the “SmartArt Styles” section.
Use the “Change Colors” drop-down box to change the color scheme.
Use the “SmartArt Styles” selection box to choose a different design.
If you want to use a different Venn diagram type, choose another option in the “Layouts” box.How to Save a Venn Diagram as an Image
If you want to hold on to your diagram to use it elsewhere, save it outside of your PowerPoint slideshow.
Important: the text boxes you add won’t be included in the image, as they aren’t technically part of the SmartArt graphic.
Choose a location to save the file, give it a name, and select the image format in the drop-down box.
Select “Save” and you’re set.Frequently Asked Questions Can you use different shapes for a Venn diagram?
While circles are the main shapes used in Venn diagrams, there’s no reason you can’t select a different shape. Just make sure that the shapes overlap for those similarities.Can I convert text to a Venn diagram in PowerPoint?
This is doable if you have a list of items that you want to turn into a Venn diagram and saves you from starting from scratch.Can I create a Venn diagram in Microsoft Word?
With the SmartArt feature also available in Microsoft Word, you can create a Venn diagram in that application via the same process.
Start by going to the “Insert” tab and selecting “SmartArt” in the Illustrations section of the ribbon to choose your Venn diagram type.
Also look at online diagramming software for more options.
Image credit: Pixabay. All screenshots by Sandy Writtenhouse.
With her BS in Information Technology, Sandy worked for many years in the IT industry as a Project Manager, Department Manager, and PMO Lead. She wanted to help others learn how technology can enrich business and personal lives and has shared her suggestions and how-tos across thousands of articles.
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Intel’s dominance of the semiconductor sector continues unabated as the chip giant increased its total market share in 2007 to 12.2 percent, well ahead of Samsung, Toshiba and the other chipmakers, according to a report by Gartner.
The overall worldwide semiconductor market grew a mere 2.9 percent in revenue to $270.3 billion in 2007, with most of the firms posting single-digit growth or slight declines. While Intel’s share was the largest, it did not have the best growth of the top 10 companies on Gartner’s list. That honor went to Toshiba and Hynix Semiconductor.
AMD’s warning on Wednesday that ATI’s consumer electronics business suffered due to problems with a mobile phone maker served as a cautionary tale for diversifying one’s business, according to Gerald Van Hoy, an analyst with Gartner who conducted the survey.
“Any a situation where you have all your eggs in one basket is not a good thing,” he told chúng tôi “Then you are dependent on someone else’s marketing, someone else’s everything. If they get their lunch eaten by anyone, it directly affects you.”
Its diversity of customers and, of all things, a 45 percent growth in its CMOS image sensors was credited for Toshiba’s 27.8 percent increase this year. What’s a CMOS image sensor? It’s used in a cell phone camera, a feature that’s found in virtually every cell phone manufactured these days. Toshiba had a healthy mix of cell phone customers, and that business served the company well.
Toshiba also sells chips used in HDTV sets and that market remains strong as well. Toshiba had 4.6 percent of the market with $12.5 billion in sales.
The other bit of strength for Toshiba was NAND (define) flash memory, which was a hot market for all chipmakers. Hynix Semiconductor, which makes both flash and standard DRAM, was up 20.2 percent for the year, with strong flash memory sales chiefly responsible for moving it up to seventh place on the chart
Hynix’ and other chipmakers’ growth surely wasn’t the result of strong DRAM sales and margins.
Van Hoy said there has been a serious oversupply of DRAM, which has caused prices to plunge. He said he was surprised to see increasing capex (capital expenditures) in DRAM, meaning the vendors aren’t going to stop manufacturing DRAM chips any time soon. “Normally when there’s an oversupply you see an easing off, but not in this case,” he said.
Intel rode the strength of the mobility market, which has been growing steadily while desktop sales continue to slip. The company doesn’t sell memory but it does sell plenty of CPUs and chipsets. This resulted in $32.9 billion in sales in 2007, an 8.2 percent increase.
Intel has a modest flash business, which it is spinning off in a joint venture with STMicroelectronics, which was No. 5 on Gartner’s list with 3.7 percent of the worldwide market share.
The outlook for 2008 is somewhat murky due to concerns about the overall state of the economy.
“The macro economic situation is the big thing right now,” said Van Hoy. “Right now we show that there’s a 30 percent chance of a recession, in which case the market might drop. What’s more likely, about 40 percent, is a chance for a flat year—and there’s a 10 percent chance for a robust year.”
DRAM is likely to remain in overabundance, meaning low prices, and flash will likely remain strong. But it all depends on where the economy goes.
“A lot of flash is tied into consumer spending,” said Van Hoy.
This article was first published on chúng tôi
CAS Junior Is Named 2007 Truman Scholar Meghan Desale plans career in international health
CAS junior Meghan Desale was one of 65 students selected as Truman Scholars this year. Photo courtesy of Meghan Desale
Meghan Desale is only a junior, but her plans for life after college are clear. When she completes a study-abroad program in Quito, Ecuador, at the end of the semester, she’ll head to Hemalkasa, a free hospital clinic in the jungle of Maharashtra, India, to continue her work as a clinical intern at the region’s only Western health-care center. Then, after graduating from BU, Desale (CAS’08) will begin her studies at the School of Medicine as part of the University’s Seven-Year Liberal Arts/Medical Education Program.
“After medical school, I hope to complete my medical internship and residency in infectious diseases,” Desale says. “Over time, I would like to develop a program or establish an organization focused on strengthening health-care systems in developing countries.”
Desale, who goes by “Meghana” to friends, will have help achieving her goals thanks to a 2007 Truman Scholarship, one of 65 awarded to students around the country on March 27. The scholars, who are college juniors elected on the basis of leadership potential, intellectual capability, and the likelihood of “making a difference,” receive $30,000 for graduate study; Desale is the first BU student to receive the award since 2001.
“It’s a very competitive program, and this year we had two finalists, which was wonderful,” says Assistant Provost Suzanne Kennedy. “The Truman Foundation looks for leadership, academic achievement, and commitment to community service, and Meghan really does want to help and make a difference.” The Harry S. Truman Scholarship Foundation was created by an Act of Congress in 1974 to honor the 33rd president.
Desale, a psychology and Spanish major from Sunnyvale, Calif., wrote in her application essay, “The purpose of life is discovering your gifts; the meaning of life is giving them away.” In high school, she discovered her aptitude for the life sciences and has pursued studies and work in the health-care field throughout her years in college, working as an EMT for BU’s Emergency Medical Services and interning at clinics in Peru and Ecuador as well as at Hemalkasa. The experiences, she says, gave her a firsthand look at the disparities in global health care and helped her refine her goals for public service. “None of my past experiences could have prepared me for Hemalkasa,” she wrote. “It was difficult to comprehend the complete lack of health care that still existed in many parts of the world. For many of these families, this would be their first time seeing a doctor, much less considering surgery.”
Desale’s community service activity extends locally and nationally: she has served as a coordinator for the BU Community Service Center’s First-Year Student Outreach Project and led a spring break volunteer trip to work with Habitat for Humanity in Mechanicsville, Va., in 2006. “The maturity, reliability, and calm confidence she demonstrated as coordinator of the Alternative Spring Break trip have been unrivaled by her more senior classmates,” wrote Aaron Stevens, a College of Arts and Sciences computer science instructor and the trip’s chaperone. “It is these qualities which I believe make her unquestionably deserving of the Truman Scholarship.”
Other faculty recommending Desale for the Truman Scholarship noted the energy she brings to her myriad commitments, which also include serving as a CAS Dean’s Host and a member of the India Club. In her application essay, Desale wrote that she hopes to only increase that energy as she completes her education and embarks on a career in public health and service.
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Many leaders still recognise the value of AI and machine learning for creating a more personalised customer experience
In the modern world, every customer belongs to a unique marketing segment. Advances in digital transformation and data modernisation enable retailers to target consumers down to the “segments of one” level and, as a result, achieve greater success. Traditionally, retailers have adopted mass demographic-based segmentation. But retailers embracing the future are using data analytics for micro-segmentation to deliver personalised offers and targeted communications. According toIntegrate Your Data
Effective micro-segmentation requires accurate and complete data. One problem in achieving this goal is that retailers often have several brands, each holding siloed and disparate data. Micro-segmentation depends on a deep understanding of your customers. But you cannot get that with gaps in your data. Any flaws will inhibit your goal of delivering micro-segmented, personalised experiences to your customers. The key to overcoming this problem is to consolidate all internal and external sources into one customer platform. Then you need to make the data easily accessible to your marketers in a simple-to-digest format.Benefits of Deploying AI
There are clear challenges for retailers in configuring their data for personalisation. However, for most companies the solution is within reach and simply requires modernising their data storage. How can AI help you micro-segment your target audiences? By giving you the ability to achieve these goals:
Share data between all areas of your business, so everyone has access to greater insights.
Deploy visual data transformation to make it easy for everyone to understand data without code-wrangling
Deliver highly personalised customer experiences based on deep data
Recommend products based on data such as consumer purchasing history, engagement on social media, and current trends
Provide product recommendations that use contextual communication; for example, “It’s a cold day outside: try our limited-edition mint flavour hot chocolate.”
Personalisation is the future of retail. But to get it right retailers need fast and easy access to accurate data. Data transformation and AI are leading the way. Thanks to data modernisation and the ability to access insights from large amounts of data quickly, marketers can provide highly personalised messages to consumers that potentially deliver a significant increase in sales. Data-driven personalisation helps organisations optimise resources, like time and money, and instead divert them towards expanding intelligent applications and services. Cloud computing is an asset to decision-makers because it empowers organisations to harness data granularity, leaving out the ifs and buts to drive businesses down the path toward the front- and back-end efficiency.Author:
In the modern world, every customer belongs to a unique marketing segment. Advances in digital transformation and data modernisation enable retailers to target consumers down to the “segments of one” level and, as a result, achieve greater success. Traditionally, retailers have adopted mass demographic-based segmentation. But retailers embracing the future are using data analytics for micro-segmentation to deliver personalised offers and targeted communications. According to McKinsey , companies that excel at customer intimacy generate 40 per cent more revenue, with real-time personalisation delivering a return on investment (ROI) of five to eight times marketing spend and increasing sales by 10%. Those are big numbers for any retailer, but achieving them is easier said than done, especially with inaccurate data locked in multiple silos. As artificial intelligence-based analytics continues to evolve, businesses can leverage significant amounts of data to create customer microsegments easily, which can harness specific details to segment at an even deeper level to deliver unparalleled personalisation. Yet, despite all of today’s modernisation capabilities, many businesses are still struggling to extract value from their data. Rackspace Technology® AI/ML Annual Research Report 2023 found that only 45 per cent of Singapore IT leaders understand how Artificial Intelligence (AI) and machine learning boost marketing effectiveness. However, many leaders still recognise the value of AI and machine learning for creating a more personalised customer experience — with 77 percent of respondents agreeing that it has helped them with customer relationship management. An example of local organisations benefitting from AI personalisation includes Southeast Asia’s leading e-commerce marketplace Shopee . Leveraging data and AI, the platform identifies patterns and insights from browsing and purchase data while enabling brands to deliver distinct shopping experiences. The first two steps in boosting the power of your marketing programs are understanding how to extract value from your data and how to use AI to overcome the challenges presented by micro-segmentation.Effective micro-segmentation requires accurate and complete data. One problem in achieving this goal is that retailers often have several brands, each holding siloed and disparate data. Micro-segmentation depends on a deep understanding of your customers. But you cannot get that with gaps in your data. Any flaws will inhibit your goal of delivering micro-segmented, personalised experiences to your customers. The key to overcoming this problem is to consolidate all internal and external sources into one customer platform. Then you need to make the data easily accessible to your marketers in a simple-to-digest format.There are clear challenges for retailers in configuring their data for personalisation. However, for most companies the solution is within reach and simply requires modernising their data storage. How can AI help you micro-segment your target audiences? By giving you the ability to achieve these goals:Personalisation is the future of retail. But to get it right retailers need fast and easy access to accurate data. Data transformation and AI are leading the way. Thanks to data modernisation and the ability to access insights from large amounts of data quickly, marketers can provide highly personalised messages to consumers that potentially deliver a significant increase in sales. Data-driven personalisation helps organisations optimise resources, like time and money, and instead divert them towards expanding intelligent applications and services. Cloud computing is an asset to decision-makers because it empowers organisations to harness data granularity, leaving out the ifs and buts to drive businesses down the path toward the front- and back-end efficiency.Sandeep Bhargava, Managing Director, Asia Pacific and Japan- Rackspace Technology
I’ve been asked how to convert a PowerPoint to DVD, Flash, or PDF so many times by my co-workers that I am finally going to just write a tutorial on how to do it! There are many occasions when you don’t have access to a computer running Microsoft PowerPoint when giving a presentation and in those cases it might be easier to load a DVD, play a movie file like flash or show a PDF document off an iPad.
Converting a presentation to DVD is great because it’s playable on any DVD player in the world, whether it be a laptop, desktop, or stand-alone DVD player. Converting to PDF is good for those who want to send the presentation slides electronically, but don’t want people to be able to edit or modify the slides. Finally, converting to Flash or video is useful for those who want to embed the presentation on a web site or simply show it using media player software.
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Converting to video is also a nice because you can then upload those videos to YouTube or Facebook for sharing. Converting to MP4 format will allow you to enjoy PowerPoint presentations on your smartphone, tablet or other mobile device! So let’s get into it.Convert PowerPoint to PDF
In the save as dialog, go ahead and choose PDF from the Save as type dropdown box. By default, it will be a standard size PDF, which means it can be used for printing or online publishing. If you want a smaller size PDF, choose Minimum size (online publishing).Convert PowerPoint to Flash or Video
If you’re looking for a free way to convert PowerPoint to video or flash, you have a couple of options. The first method is pretty much the same as how we saved our presentation to PDF format.
The second method involves taking a completed presentation and uploading it to a site called AuthorStream. You have to sign up to use the service, but it’s free and definitely worth it. AuthorStream will also keep any audio recordings that you may have in the presentation.
Once you have it uploaded and it is converted, you will see a dropdown for Download and one for Video. Under download, you can convert the presentation to Flash and under video you can convert it to an MP4 video (up to 5 minutes for free).
In addition to AuthorStream, you can check out Slideshare, iSpring, and Zoho Show for getting flash versions of your PowerPoint presentation. You can then embed them into your blog or website.
If you want to convert the Windows Movie Video to another format, you can use online video conversion tools or third-party software like HandBrake. Feel free to read my previous post where I explain the concept of transcoding and video file formats.Convert PowerPoint to DVD
Getting your PowerPoint presentation onto a DVD is also fairly simple once you get it into video format. So first you’ll have to follow the instructions above to get you video into any video format and then you can follow the directions to burn the video to DVD.
The easiest way to do this on Windows without any additional software is to use Windows DVD Maker, which is included with Windows Vista Home Premium/Ultimate and Windows 7 Home Premium/Professional/Ultimate. The software was removed in Windows 8 for no apparent reason. I’ll mention a third-party program below for Windows 8 users.
In Windows DVD Maker, first you have to choose the photos and videos that you want to include on the DVD. I just chose my short PowerPoint presentation and you can see it tells you how much time is left on the DVD and lets you change the title of the DVD.
On the next screen, you can choose from different menu styles and you can also change the menu text, customize the menu and preview the menu. Go ahead and play around with the options and settings until you are happy with the results. For example, I got rid of Scenes because I only have one video on the DVD and it doesn’t make any sense.
I won’t go into detail here about how to use the program namely because it’s super simple to use, but also because they have enough support docs on their website. This program also has a lot more options than Windows DVD Maker, so it might be a better choice if you want more customization of your DVD.
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