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Any software uses temporary storage for some of the important work, which comes in handy when there is not enough RAM. In similar ways, Adobe Photoshop uses part of the hard disk for this kind of work and calls it a Scratch Disk. When using Photoshop, if you are receiving Photoshop Scratch Disks are full error then this post will help you fix it.

Could not complete the command because the scratch disks are full

What is Photoshop Scratch Disk?

A scratch disk is a hard disk drive or SSD used as temporary storage to save document history, states, and anything that cannot be saved into the RAM for a long time or doesn’t fit into the memory.

The default location of Scratch Disk is the hard drive on which the OS is installed. This applies to both Windows and macOS.

Fix Photoshop Scratch Disks are full

If you see Could not complete the command because the scratch disks are full message, follow these methods to fix the problem:

Delete Photoshop Temporary Files

Increase Scratch Disk space

Change Scratch Disk Location

Disable Photoshop Recovery

Let Photoshop Use More RAM

Make sure you clearly understand how the changes will impact the work.

1] Delete Photoshop Temporary Files

Open Run prompt (Win + R)

Type %temp% and press the Enter key

In the folder, select all files which are named Photoshop or PST.

Use Shift + Delete to delete the files permanently

2] Increase Scratch Disk space

Photoshop recommends a minimum of 6 GB disk space to use as a scratch disk. If you don’t have enough free disk space on the drive used as a scratch disk, you need to increase it. We all the default minimum location doesn’t work out for most of the time.

To calculate, if the free space in your scratch disk is 10 GB, the available disk space Photoshop will consider is 10-6 = 4GB, and that may not be enough.

You can either change the location or remove unwanted things to create more space.

3] Change Scratch Disk Location

If you have a spare hard drive or another partition on your computer, then you can change the Scratch Disk location to that though we still recommend using an SSD over HDD and an external location.

Open Photoshop, and go to Preferences.

4] Disable Photoshop Recovery

Adobe Photoshop automatically saves the files as you work on them, but this increases the amount of random access memory the application uses. You can disable auto-recovery saving if it is of no use to you to free up some space on your scratch disk.

Launch Photoshop on your PC

Uncheck the box that says Automatically Save Recovery Information.

5] Let Photoshop Use More RAM

Scratch Disks are used when the amount of RAM is not enough to hold everything. If you have excess RAM available on your computer, you can allocate Photoshop to use it.

On the side panel, check for the box labeled as —Let Photoshop Use.

Enter the amount of RAM that you want Photoshop to use.

Why is Photoshop saying my scratch disks are full?

Photoshop uses scratch disks to save file history and other temporary files. Since it works on allocated disk space, it keeps filling with whatever you are working on. When it gets full, you get the error message.

How do I empty my scratch disk without opening Photoshop? Could not initialize Photoshop scratch disks are full?

Scratch disks are used for almost everything by Photoshop, including initialization. When it is full, Photoshop will fail to launch as well.

How do you reset Photoshop?

Another way to delete the preferences file is by going to Users/[user name]/AppData/Roaming/Adobe/Adobe Photoshop [version]/Adobe Photoshop [version] Settings and delete everything inside it.

On macOS the location is set to Users/[user name]/Library/Preferences/Adobe Photoshop [version] Settings.

Overall, the error can be resolved easily by clearing the space or adding extra space or RAM for Photoshop. Once the space is available, the error should be gone. However, it is important that you allocate enough storage space if you do a lot of editing. I hope the post was easy to follow, and you were able to fix Photoshop Scratch Disks are a full issue.

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Adobe Photoshop Not Opening? 7 Ways To Fix

Are you having trouble opening Photoshop on your Microsoft Windows or Apple Mac computer? If so, your app may be problematic or your operating system may have minor glitches. We’ll look at the available ways to fix this Photoshop error.

Many items can cause Photoshop not to launch on your computer. For instance, the app’s core files may be corrupt, your app preferences may be problematic, and more. Let’s review each available solution.

Table of Contents

1. Check if Your Version of Photoshop Supports Your Windows or macOS Version

Each app has minimum requirements that your computer must match to run that specific app. The same goes for Photoshop, where the app requires particular hardware and software elements to run on your machine.

One way to check that compatibility is to head to Photoshop’s system requirements page on the Adobe website. You’ll find the minimum and the recommended system requirements for this app.

Make sure your computer meets at least the minimum specifications. If this isn’t the case, you’ll have to upgrade your machine’s elements to be able to run your Photoshop version.


Force Close and Restart Photoshop

If you’ve confirmed your computer meets at least the minimum requirements of Photoshop, then the app not opening issue could be a minor glitch.

The app may be running in the background, which you may not be aware of. One way to fix this is to force close and reopen the app on your Windows or macOS computer.

On Windows



on your PC.

On macOS







at the same time.



on the app list and select

Force Quit




using your preferred method.


Run Photoshop With Admin Rights

Photoshop isn’t opening on your PC because the app lacks certain permissions. In this case, you can run the app as an administrator, allowing the app to enjoy superuser privileges on your computer.

You only need to do this on a Windows-based computer.



and search for




Run as administrator

on the right pane.



in the

User Account Control


If Photoshop successfully launches in admin mode, set it up so that it always opens the app with admin privileges:

Open the


tab in Properties.





Run as administrator

and select





followed by


on the



From now on, Photoshop will open with admin rights each time you launch the app shortcut.


Launch Photoshop Without Plug-Ins

Photoshop supports plug-ins so you can get more out of this image editing app. It’s possible one or more of these installed plug-ins are causing Photoshop not to launch.

Locate the


shortcut on your Windows or macOS machine.

Press and hold down the


key on your keyboard and launch





in the prompt.

5. Reset

Photoshop Preferences

Photoshop saves your app customizations in a preferences file on your computer. This file may have gone corrupt, causing the app not to launch as your customizations can’t be loaded.

In this case, you can delete the Photoshop settings file and try to launch the app. You can do this on both Windows and macOS.







on Windows or






on Mac and launch





in the prompt.

Photoshop will open with the default preferences.


Remove Photoshop Font Cache

Photoshop saves your fonts’ cache, allowing you to work with your fonts faster. This cache can become problematic, causing various problems.

You can delete this cache without affecting your installed fonts or Photoshop functionalities.

On Windows

Close the

Adobe Creative Cloud

app if it’s running.




On macOS

Quit the

Creative Cloud

app if you’re using it.

Find and delete the

CT Font Cache






Uninstall and Reinstall Photoshop

Photoshop’s problematic core files can cause the app not to launch. Since you can’t fix these files manually, you’ll have to uninstall and reinstall Photoshop on your computer to resolve the issue.

The process for uninstalling and reinstalling the Photoshop app is the same for both Windows and macOS.

Launch the

Creative Cloud

app on your computer.

Access the

All Apps

page and select the three dots next to





in the menu.



in the prompt.

Restart your machine when you’ve uninstalled Photoshop.




Creative Cloud


Let Photoshop Open Without Issues on Your Computer

Photoshop is an excellent tool for editing and retouching your photos. If you rely on this app for those tasks, it’s easy to get frustrated when the app won’t launch on your machine. Luckily, most causes of this issue are easy to deal with, and you can resolve your Photoshop not launching issue in pretty much no time.

Sap Erp Procurement(P2P) Business Process From Scratch

SAP ERP Materials Management (MM) – Procure To Pay (P2P) Business Process skill has become a necessity in the career space for those who want to remain relevant and outstanding in areas like supply chain, Procurement, Purchasing, and even inventory management. This course is also designed for those beginners who want to learn SAP ERP from scratch.

Material is the engine of the supply chain and functional logistics, so in this course, with the aid of the SAP ERP System, I demonstrate the effective and efficient management of the organization’s materials to ensure the appropriate availability of the materials at the right cost and quality.

We provide affordable SAP ERP Software Access to our participants for an effective hands-on experience using the SAP ERP system.

This course will take you from scratch (even though you are just getting to know about SAP ERP) to the Global Best Practices on External Procurement Business Processes for Stock Items and Consumable Items.

The scope of this course is for SAP ERP New Users up to End Users. It covers the Introduction, SAP ERP Navigation, Purchasing Processes for Stock Items and Consumable Items, Inventory Management and Purchase Order Based Invoice Verification, and Goods Receipt Based Invoice Verification for partial delivery scenarios.

In this course, you also come to understand the Enterprise Structure and Organizational Levels for Procurement in the SAP ERP system (Client, Company Code, Purchasing Organization, and more). You will understand Material Types and the control functionality on the procurement business process, Material Groups etc.

This course covers

SAP New User Training


SAP ERP Navigation for new users

Overview of Procure–To–Pay Business Process (External Procurement Process)

Determination of Requirements using Purchase Requisition (Stock Items)

Purchase Order for (Stock Items)

Determination of Sources of Supply using RFQ

Purchase Order

Purchase Requisition for Consumable Items (Including PR Approval Process)

Purchase Order for (Stock Items)

Goods Receipt (Planned & Unplanned Scenarios)

Transfer Posting from Quality Inspection to Unrestricted Use Stock Type.

Transfer Posting from Quality Inspection to Blocked Stock Type.

Process Return Delivery to Vendor

Goods Issue to Cost Center

Purchase Order-Based Invoice Verification

Goods Receipt Based Invoice verification

Purchase Order Monitoring and Closing of Open Purchase Order

Releasing Block Invoices.

Note that this course is a certificate course therefore a certificate will be issued at the end of the training.

Who this course is for:

Supply chain Practitioners and those interested in Supply chain

Purchasing & Procurement Practitioners and all those interested in Purchasing & Procurement

Inventory Management Practitioners and all those interested in Inventory Management

Beginners who are trying to get a job in the field of Supply chain, Purchasing, or Procurement and Inventory Management

Beginners who want to learn SAP ERP Materials Management

SAP ERP End Users who want to learn the End-to-end the Procurement Process


Gain Free Access to the SAP ERP System for effective practice

Introduction to SAP ERP and Understanding the System-wide Concept

Practically learn how to Navigate the SAP ERP System

Understanding the Procure-To-Pay Business Process Best Practice and the Enterprise Structure

Best Practise on how to Purchase stock material items using Purchase Requisition (PR), RFQ, and Purchase Orders (PO).

3 Scenarios of Consumable Material items with real-life examples and how to Purchase consumable material items using Purchase Requisition and Purchase Order

How to Approve/Release PR, PO, and how to release blocked Invoices

How to receive materials items from vendors and post Goods Receipt, Transfer Posting, Vendor Return, and Goods Issue

How to handle Purchasing Based Invoice Verification (3 Way Match) and Goods Receipt Based Invoice Verification (2 Way Match).

How to clear On-Order from the PO/ How to Close Open Items in a PO

How to Close Open Items in a PO

How to generate SAP ERP Standard Business Reports and export reports to Microsoft Excel


Basic Understanding of Purchasing Process

How To Blend Images In Photoshop?

Introduction to Blend in Adobe Photoshop

Blend in Adobe Photoshop changes the way that a layer reacts with the layer underneath. Blend modes such as layer mask, auto blend, layer opacity options offer the users with the means and flexibility to create artwork that best uses photography with digital software; it also includes a detailed description of using and creating design using the various blend modes available in Photoshop in a step by step manner to help you better project your work both professionally as well as aesthetically.

Methods to Blend Images in Photoshop

This tutorial will learn how to blend images together in photoshop and create realistic images using various methods.

Start Your Free Design Course

3D animation, modelling, simulation, game development & others

Method #1 – Layer Mask Method

Step 2: Merge the Images together. Now, we will bring the two images together into a single document. For that, select the move tool from the tool panel on the left or press V on the keyboard for its shortcut. Next, select the second image window using the mouse cursor and drag it onto the first image window. Now you can release the mouse in the middle of the document to get the images together for blending.

Step 4: In the fourth step, select the gradient tool by pressing the key. The foreground and background colors should be set to black and white. Now, we will select the gradient as linear and drag the gradient over the image.

Step 5: The resulting effect is two images that blend together very well. You can also notice that the mask containing a gradient in the layer thumbnail, as shown below. The areas that are white will display the top image, while the black areas display the background image. You can try with numerous gradient effects until you obtain the desired result, as the mask can be overrun endlessly.

NOTE: You can also try changing the blending modes. There are various blending modes such as screen, multiply, darken, lighten overlay and so on, which you can try out and see which one best suits the image. In addition, you can experiment with brush tools on the mask. It is best recommended to use soft brushes.

Method #2 – The Auto-Blend Layers Command

The auto blend layer command can be used in Adobe Photoshop to merge or stitch images with a smooth transition in the final output. It works by applying layer masks as required over each layer to extract underexposed parts efficiently. However, you need to remember that the auto blend layers option is applicable only on RGB and grayscale images. That means it does not have any effect on smart objects, BG layers, 3D layers, and video layers.

Depth of Field Blending

The first step is to bring together the two images you want to blend in the same document.

Step 1: Once the images are in the separate layers, select the layers you need to blend.

Step 2: The next step is to apply the auto blend layers. For that, select the layers and select edit.


If you choose panorama, the resulting blend will be overlapped layers in panorama view.

Stack Images

The stack option blends details from the merging areas effectively.

Method #3 – Layer Opacity Option

In this third method, we will blend two images using the layer opacity option in Photoshop. You can follow a similar method discussed above by placing them together in separate layers using the layer panel option.

Step 1: Below, I have used the image of a city landscape and a glowing star to blend.

Step 2: On the upper right of the Layers panel, you can find the opacity option. The opacity value of the picture will be set to 100 % by default. Therefore, the image on the top will be blocking the background image. The opacity value determines the transparency level of an image. Hence, we will be lowering the opacity value for the top image. It will slowly bring the background image to visibility. In this example, I have lower the opacity from 100 % to 60%.

Step 3: Now, you will notice that the image below is slowly starting to blend with the city landscape.


It was quick info on how we can blend images in Adobe Photoshop using the various blend methods such as the layer mask method, the auto blend layers command, and the layer opacity option. Create amazing visuals using the blend options after mastering their usage. Similarly, you can loan more about other tutorials on various Photoshop effects, applications, and modes. Try them out and upskill your graphic designing skills for your career.

Recommended Articles

This is a guide on How to Blend Images in Photoshop?. Here we discuss three different methods to blend images using various effects. You can also go through our other related articles to learn more –

How To Slice Text In Photoshop

Learn how to slice text in Photoshop, and how to keep the text editable even after you slice it! A step-by-step tutorial.

Written by Steve Patterson.

In this tutorial, I’ll show you step-by-step how to create a popular “sliced text” effect with Photoshop. And unlike other tutorials that force you to convert your text into pixels before you cut it into slices, you’ll learn how to keep your text editable so you can try out different words using the same slices!

Here’s a quick design I came up with to show the sliced text effect we’ll be creating. Notice that the word “SLICE” is sliced in half:

The sliced text effect.

Once we’ve created the initial effect, I’ll show you how to edit the text so you can use the same slices with a different word without starting over:

The same sliced effect with different text.

Hungry to learn how to slice text? Then let’s get started!

Download this tutorial as a print-ready PDF!

How to slice text in Photoshop

For this tutorial, I’m using Photoshop CC but every step is compatible with Photoshop CS6. You can get the latest Photoshop version here.

You can also follow along with my video of this tutorial on our YouTube channel. Or download this tutorial as a print-ready PDF and get exclusive bonus content!

Step 1: Add your text to the document

The first step in creating a sliced text effect is to add some text. I’ve gone ahead and added the text to my document, but you can easily follow along by creating a new document and adding any text you like:

The initial Photoshop document with the text added.

If we look in the Layers panel, we see how my document is set up. The main image is on the Background layer, and the word “SLICE” is on a Type layer above it. I’ve added a stroke around the letters, which is listed as an effect below the Type layer.

The remaining text (“BUY ONE”, “GET ONE FREE”, and so on) is in a layer group at the top named “Additional text”. I’ve placed it in a group just to keep it out of the way. For this effect, the only text we’re interested in is the word “SLICE”:

The Layers panel showing the document setup.

Turning off the additional text

Turning off the “Additional text” layer group.

And now we see just the word “SLICE” in front of the background image (pizza slices photo from Adobe Stock):

The document after turning off the additional text. Photo credit: Adobe Stock.

Step 2: Convert the Type layer into a smart object

To keep the text editable as you slice it, convert the Type layer into a smart object. First, make sure that the Type layer you need is selected:

Selecting the Type layer in the Layers panel.

And choose Convert to Smart Object from the menu:

Choosing the “Convert to Smart Object” command.

A smart object icon appears in the lower right of the preview thumbnail, telling us that our text is now safely inside a smart object:

Smart objects are indicated by their icon in the preview thumbnail.

Step 3: Select the Rectangle Tool

To draw the slices, we’ll use Photoshop’s Rectangle Tool. Select the Rectangle Tool from the Toolbar:

Selecting the Rectangle Tool.

Step 4: Set the Tool Mode to Path

Then in the Options Bar, set the Tool Mode to Path:

Setting the mode for the Rectangle Tool to Path.

Step 5: Draw a path around the bottom half of the text

Drag out a rectangular path around the bottom half of your text. We’re going to use this path to create the bottom slice. For best results, try to make the path wider than the text itself, so that if you need to edit the text later, and the new text is a bit longer than the original text, the new text will still fit within the slice.

If you need to reposition the path as you’re drawing it, press and hold your spacebar, drag the path into place, and then release your spacebar to continue drawing the path:

Drawing a rectangular path around the bottom half of the text.

Step 6: Choose the Direct Selection Tool

Now that we have our path, we’ll reshape it into a diagonal slice.

Selecting the Direct Selection Tool from behind the Path Selection Tool.

Step 7: Deselect the path Step 8: Select and drag the top left anchor point downward

And drag the point downward to turn the top of the path into a sloped, diagonal line:

Dragging the top left anchor point downward.

Converting the live shape into a regular path Step 9: Select and drag the top right anchor point upward

Dragging the top right anchor point upward.

What’s the difference between vector shapes and pixel shapes in Photoshop?

Step 10: Convert the path into a vector mask

A vector mask thumbnail appears next to the smart object’s preview thumbnail:

The vector mask thumbnail in the Layers panel.

And in the document, we see that the top part of the text has disappeared. Only the bottom part inside the vector mask remains visible, creating our first slice:

The first slice has been created.

Step 11: Make a copy of the smart object

To create the top slice, make a copy of the smart object by going up to the Layer menu, choosing New, and then choosing Layer via Copy. Or you can press the keyboard shortcut, Ctrl+J (Win) / Command+J (Mac):

In the Layers panel, a copy of the smart object appears above the original:

The Layers panel showing the smart object copy.

Step 12: Choose “Subtract Front Shape”

And choose Subtract Front Shape from the menu:

Choosing “Subtract Front Shape” from the Path Operations menu.

This inverts the vector mask, making the top slice visible, and we now have both slices:

The top slice appears after choosing “Subtract Front Shape”.

Hiding the path Viewing the slices

Turning off the top slice.

We see only the bottom slice of the text:

The bottom smart object holds the bottom slice.

Turning off the bottom slice.

The top smart object holds the top slice.

Step 13: Select the Move Tool

To move the slices apart, select Photoshop’s Move Tool from the Toolbar:

Selecting the Move Tool.

Step 14: Drag the slices the separate them

I’ll select the bottom slice in the Layers panel:

Selecting the bottom slice.

And then I’ll use the arrow keys on my keyboard to nudge the bottom slice down and to the right:

Separating the slices using the arrow keys on my keyboard.

Turning the additional text back on

Turning on the layer group.

And here we see the layout with the sliced text effect added:

The sliced text effect.

How to edit the text inside the slices

So now that we’ve created the sliced text effect, let’s learn how to edit the text inside the slices.

Even though we’ve created the slices using two separate smart objects, each smart object holds the exact same Type layer. So if we change the text in one smart object, the same change will appear in both.

The text opens in its own separate document:

The text appears, ready for editing.

Step 2: Select the Type Tool

Select Photoshop’s Type Tool from the Toolbar:

Grabbing the Type Tool.

Step 3: Edit your text

Then I’ll change the word from “SLICE” to “PIZZA”:

Replacing the original word with a new word.

Step 5: Choose “Reveal All” if needed

Notice that in this case, editing the text created a problem. The new text is a bit too long to fit within the viewable area of the document, so part of the letter “A” on the right is extending off the canvas:

The new text doesn’t fit on the canvas.

If this happens with your text, go up to the Image menu in the Menu Bar and choose Reveal All:

And Photoshop instantly resizes the canvas to fit the entire text:

The entire word is now visible after choosing “Reveal All”.

Step 6: Save and close the smart object document

To accept the change and return to the main document, we need to save and close the smart object’s document.

Go up to the File menu and choose Save:

And then go back to the File menu and choose Close:

Back in the main document, we see the same effect, but this time with our edited text:

Same effect, different text.

And there we have it! That’s how to slice text, and how to edit the text inside the effect, with Photoshop! Check out our Photo Effects and Text Effects sections for more tutorials. And don’t forget, all of our tutorials are available to download as PDFs!

How To Solve Save Formats Missing In Photoshop.

If you have just updated Adobe Photoshop to a newer version you’ve probably been enjoying some of the new features and the design layout. However, you’re probably also noticed a major change to the way you save images. Save as no longer has any of the formats you primarily use. Thankfully there is a solution for this.

Related: How to add or remove Write Protection from a USB flash drive on Windows 11.

Adobe Photoshop is the best image editing and digital art creation tool on the market, it’s got more features than the average person will ever use, allows you to work in a ton of different formats and styles and has hundreds of thousands of hours worth of guides and tutorials dedicated to learning on YouTube. All that said, it isn’t the cheapest piece of software to use.

The good news, depending on how you see it, is that this isn’t a bug or error with Photoshop. All the usual formats are missing by design. I personally hate the change but it does make sense. The change is designed to prevent users from accidentally overwriting their original file with a flat format like jpg or png which doesn’t contain any editing history, layering, etc.

Unfortunately, there isn’t a way to change back to the old method unless you go back to a Photoshop version prior to this change being added. While I do dislike the change, I see the reasoning behind it and I know I will eventually get used to it sooner or later. With an emphasis on later at the rate things are going. Anyway, that wraps up our guide on Photoshop not showing all save formats, hopefully, this has helped you out of a spot of trouble! While you’re here don’t forget to check out our YouTube channel as well.

Also having some issues with Adobe Premiere Pro not opening? Dll error?

If you’re also using Premiere Pro for video content make sure you check out our guide on fixing the notorious chúng tôi chúng tôi chúng tôi was not found.

How to fix Premiere Pro chúng tôi chúng tôi chúng tôi was not found.

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