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Introduction to PowerShell Logging

It is very important for programmers to have logging enabled in their scripts as it will help in troubleshooting during unexpected behavior of the script. Logging is the mechanism of capturing the error message or exception, but it is also helpful in identifying the point until the script has been executed. Sometimes, if a script is working only for a few values and not working for others, then if logging is enabled, it will be easy for the programmer to narrow the issue and fix it. PowerShell provides various methods of logging, which will be covered in detail in this article. PowerShell provides three types of logging such as Module logging, Script block logging, and transcription logging.

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Prerequisites to enable enhanced PowerShell Logging

For Windows 10, enhanced PowerShell logging is automatically supported.

For windows 7,8,2008,2012 with PowerShell v5.0, the following components are required

.Net 4.5

WMF (4.0/5.0)

For windows 7,8,2008,2012 with PowerShell v4.0, the following components are required

.Net 4.5

WMF (4.0)

1. Logging Configuration

Before trying to log errors in a script, it is important to enable them in the group policy. Below are the steps

Local Group Policy EditoràAdministrative TemplatesàWindows ComponentsàWindows PowerShell. In that, we need to enable Turn on Module Logging, turn on PowerShell Script Block Logging and Turn on PowerShell Transcription.

2. Module Logging

Module logging records pipeline details such as variable initialization and command invocations as the script executes. It will record samples of script and data that is formatted to be sent as output. In addition, it will capture the logging that may be missed by other types but may fail to capture certain commands. This type of logging event is written under the 4103-event id.

3. Script Block Logging

This is used to capture logs for all the scripts and commands. This is used to determine the mode of attack from an external attacker. Even the decoded commands are also captured and logged. This logging events are recorded under the event id-4104. If the logs exceed the specified limit, it is fragmented into multiple files and captured. From PowerShell 5.0, script blocking is automatically enabled if the script contains certain pre-defined commands or scripting techniques that may be prone to attack. These are logged under the warning level unless script blocking logging is disabled purposefully. This will capture all activity and not just suspicious activity. The non-suspicious activities will be logged under event id 4104 but either as verbose or as information levels.

4. Transcription Logging

If transaction logging is enabled, a record is created for each session, including each input and output command that is present in that session. These are written to a text file along with timestamp and metadata. They are automatically named, starting with PowerShell_transcript. The default location to which the files are written is the user’s document folder; this can be changed if needed. The best place to store them is to a network drive so that the attackers can’t access them easily. The size of the file is very less and then can be reviewed using any standard tool.  The appropriate logging mechanism has to be enabled in the Local Group Policy editor or by setting their value in the registry.

5. Splitting huge log files to smaller files

Sometimes, the log file generated may be huge in size. This may hamper the debugging process. In this scenario, it will be helpful if we can split the single log file into smaller files. The below script will help in achieving this. The script first identifies the source file that needs to be split. It then asks for the destination folder where the new split log files are to be saved. Next, the script prompts the user for the number of lines that should be present in each log file. Once that is done, the new log files are generated.

Write-Host “Please check the for the files in” $destination

Before running the script, the number of files in the source directory



Write-Host “The logging is done to the file.Please check”



Thus, the article covered in detail about logging in PowerShell. It explained in detail the various types of logging available and the use of each logging mechanism. The article has explained with an example on how a large log file can be split into smaller log files. It also explained how logging can be done to a file or a console. Logging is one of the best practices to be followed during scripting, as it makes life easier whenever something unusual happens. The best way to learn more about this is to write sample scripts and execute them.

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How To Export Csv In Powershell On Windows

How to Export CSV in Powershell on Windows Easy guide to export CSV in PowerShell




PowerShell is a powerful tool that can be used to automate many different processes. It also has some powerful options for exporting data from a system, and doing this in CSV format is one of them.



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CSV stands for Comma Separated Values, a file format that allows you to easily import data from one application into another. It’s easy to export and import data with a CSV file as long as you know how.

This article will show you how to use the PowerShell command line interface to export CSV files. We’ll also discuss other options available when exporting data using this command line tool.

Which PowerShell script is used to export all processes into a CSV?

Export-CSV is a cmdlet that can be used in PowerShell to export the result of a command into a CSV file. This is useful when you want to export data from your PowerShell script into a format that can be easily imported into another application or database.

The Export-CSV cmdlet creates a CSV file, or comma-separated value (CSV) text file, that contains one or more named pipes in the file format. This file can be imported into other applications, such as Microsoft Excel, or used as input to a program that uses the CSV format.

The export-csv cmdlet will export the specified objects into a CSV (Comma Separated Values) file. The resulting CSV file will contain one object per line. If the Export-CSV command is run with no parameters, it will export all of the currently installed modules in your system.

You can specify an item name or ID as parameters if you only want to export specific items.

How do I export a CSV file from PowerShell?

We shall be using Windows Powershell ISE as it gives you more control over your CSV files. It gives you much more flexibility in how your CSV file is formed. The ISE has some built-in functionality that makes it convenient to use when creating or editing a script.

The first parameter is the path where you want to save your file. This can be a local drive or network location. If you don’t specify this parameter, Export-CSV will create the file in the current directory of your PowerShell session.

Expert tip:

The third parameter specifies the literal pathname of the output file if it’s not in the current directory (-LiteralPath). Otherwise, it’s optional and defaults to “c:temp” (or whichever directory you are currently working in). 

As a PowerShell export-CSV example, we will export a list of users on the Azure directory. We’ve already looked at how to export a list of users in a group, so let’s look at how to export CSV.

How do I export a string to CSV in PowerShell?

When you use the Export-CSV cmdlet to export objects to a comma-separated values (CSV) file, the first line of the file contains column headers. You can suppress column headers by using the NoTypeInformation parameter.

To further clean up your data, you need to use the Delimiter parameter to specify the information needed. As such, you will use the delimiter character, usually the comma. 

This will bring up the same information, but the PowerShell export-CSV will be in different columns with the specified parameters.

The CSV (Comma Separated Values) file format does not need any introduction to users committed to data processing. A CSV file has fields and records which are separated by commas. In case your CSV file is corrupted, we also have a detailed guide on how to fix it.

Aside from exporting CSV, we also share how you can print environment variables in PowerShell, so be sure to check that out too. If this process seems too complicated, perhaps you’ll find our CSV file viewer software helpful.

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Enhanced Customer Experience: How To Put Tablets To Use

Tablets are shaping the way customers experience and interact with spaces. They’re no longer restricted to point of sale, but rather make for a smarter, more interactive environment altogether. In retail, restaurant and hospitality settings, every square inch of the space has the potential to be a revenue generator or to enhance the customer experience in some way.

Combined with the Internet of Things (IoT) and cloud technology, businesses can utilize tablets to simplify everything from inventory and data management to loyalty check-ins and interactive digital displays. The ever-growing options in niche software and apps have put business owners back in control of designing a great experience for customers, one that better aligns with their brand. But with so many options available, where do you start?

With the customer. What problems need to be solved in the space? What processes — whether check-in, marking a purchase or accessing information — can be streamlined through the use of tablets and technology? Where are there opportunities to deepen the relationship and engagement with customers, such as with a loyalty check-in or email sign-up form? The space’s layout, power outlet placement and foot traffic flows will also dictate the placement and type of tablet display used. Here are a few ways tablets are currently being used throughout businesses to improve the customer experience.

The Simplified Kiosk

The kiosk can now fit into almost any environment and serve as an excellent customer touch point. There are now slimmed-down tablet kiosk options, rather than the bulky ones often seen in large, commercial spaces. These can be used to:

Display information about new products, sales or events

Allow guests the option for self check-in or concierge services

Enable self-directed food and beverage ordering

Conduct customer surveys

Streamline event registration and check-in

Provide tour and exhibit information in museums

Manage gift registries

Wall-Flush Mount

Using a tablet as a display is an incredibly valuable and flexible option for businesses, and is fairly easy to implement. In many cases, electricians don’t even need to be involved to reroute power supplies. Thanks to power-over-ethernet (PoE), devices can be powered via ethernet cable, eliminating the need for power cords and outlets. Battery packs can also be used to keep the device charged.

Uses for a wall-mount tablet include:

Conference room booking and calendar display

Information or promotional display

Employee check-in and time tracking

Interactive experiences in lobbies or waiting rooms

Programming or gaming

Maximize the Countertop

Many business owners have already experienced the benefits of a tablet used on the countertop, and not just in retail or restaurant settings. Tablets are now making their way to conference rooms, front desks and lobbies. In addition to the above uses, they can also be used for:

Point of sale (through EMV or swipe technology)

Reservation check-ins

Data collection and control

Audiovisual management in conference rooms

Front desk administration and document signing

Design for Success

While function and purpose should take priority in deploying technology throughout a commercial space, form and aesthetic shouldn’t be overlooked. Ultimately, the tablet and the hardware supporting it have to be user-friendly, sturdy, approachable and appealing, and accentuate the brand’s aesthetic.

With this in mind, focus on simplicity. Customers are intrigued by simplicity, color and innovative design, but they also want interactions to be speedy and efficient. Consistency and authenticity will also play an important role. Select high-quality, durable materials and colors that are consistent with your brand and the experience you want to create — the goal is to create a “wow” experience for the customer.

There are a few other things to consider in selecting the right setup for your environment. Chief among them is flexibility. Is mobility an important feature for you? If so, you’ll want hardware that offers flexibility in terms of design and can be easily moved around the space. As business needs change, so too will technology needs. Aim to future-proof your technology setup as much as possible with software that can be used across various devices that doesn’t lock you into one particular hardware configuration. The hardware and software selection should be able to grow and adapt with your business.

Keep in mind that the technology is meant to enhance the user experience. It should be user-friendly — whether users are customers or staff — and look like it’s part of the environment, not an obtrusive, unappealing addition. It’s time businesses large and small leverage the simplified yet mighty tablet to create smarter, more beautiful environments and give customers what they have come to expect.

Icewind Dale: Enhanced Edition Review

Icewind Dale came out 14 years ago on Windows computers. In 2000, I still hadn’t even begun playing Dungeons & Dragons on a regular basis, so this title slipped past my view for many years.

Icewind Dale: Enhanced Edition recently launched on iOS and it features all of the familiar settings of the Forgotten Realms, plus includes a few new spells, text options and other enhancements that bring the game to life in the mobile arena. We’ve got a hands-on game review of Icewind Dale for you today.


The story is set in the world of the Forgotten Realms and is based on the second edition rule set of Dungeons & Dragons. Just because you’ve never played D&D before, does not mean you won’t enjoy this game. It is story heavy, but also includes enough battle fury to give you a rush. The entire game relies on your desire to interact with other, non-player characters in order to learn about the history of a town, find out clues to solving mysteries, and complete mini quests along the way.

On the main screen, the action takes place on the display screen with all of your available options listed on the left side of the screen. The characters you have in your party are listed on the right side.

You can access the area map, check your current and completed quests, equip items and move inventory, customize characters, learn spells, and save the game. Adjust the level of difficulty from the save menu if the game is too hard or too easy.

You can find out details on how to play the game from the home screen. It includes mini tutorial movies to give you a visual understanding of the mechanics.


The game begins with a two-minute story intro, often called “flavor text,” which tells the player why they are in this particular town and what has happened so far. Then, when the game begins, you must explore the settings around you to discover what to do next. Highlighted characters will have a colored circle around them. It is best to keep the group together as much as possible. A wandering bard may end up in a dangerous situation with no help from the fighters.

You can set the hint feature to help you find characters to talk to and doors to open. Tap the search icon in the lower right corner to see all available options. Select an item on the screen to interact with it. You can unlock and open doors, open chests, go up or down stairs, and more.

If you wish to speak to a character, tap him or her and your party’s leader will do the talking. The game is heavily based on this type of interaction. Townsfolk will tell you where to find certain places. Named characters will have deeper insight into the story’s plot. Some characters have main missions for you to complete, while others have smaller side quests that will earn you experience points.

Some quests involve battling enemies. This is where things can get tough if you don’t know how to assign your characters to specific actions. I failed to beat a horde of goblins over and over again during my first encounter because I had not yet watched the tutorial movies. I highly recommend players take a moment before starting to learn basic magic and melee combat. You can pause the game during a battle and reassign characters to different tasks.

Even after studying the combat tips, I still had a difficult time getting through the Kulduhar Pass and had to set the game’s difficulty level to the lowest, which meant that none of my characters would die from their wounds. The cool thing about this difficulty meter is that it can be changed at anytime throughout the game. So, if you can’t beat a horde of goblins, lower the difficulty for that battle and bring it back up when you’ve made it through.

The game also includes a multiplayer options where players can either host or join a larger party with other players. To join a game, tap the Multiplayer button from the home screen and select an active game to join. To create a game, select “Create/Load Game” from the same widow and create a session name and password if desired. You can even create LAN based games with friends that are on the same network.

The Good

I have been playing D&D for well over a decade now. I get together on a regular basis with a group of friends to play hours of tabletop fun. However, the older we get, the harder it is for all of us to get together. Some friends have started families. Others have moved away or have more responsibility to their jobs. This game makes it possible to experience a role-play heavy game; complete with the kinds of tasks and conversations I might have with a real life dungeon master, without having to ask my friends to join me for six or more hours.

The Bad

There is no in-game tutorial. You are not given any kind of how-to for selecting party members, talking to NPCs, or leveling up characters. Although the game is 14 years old, it doesn’t mean that everyone has already played it. A better tutorial would help newcomers join the game without feeling intimidated. I’d hate to imagine that people think of D&D gamers as elitists who don’t want others to learn how fun the genre can be.


Icewind Dale: Enhanced Edition costs $9.99, which is cheaper than Baldur’s Gate II, but the same price as Baldur’s Gate, all of which are part of the same D&D collection. The price tag may turn some people off, but only those who don’t know the value of having this game on iOS. The same title costs twice as much on PC and Mac. The replay value is high, since you can play the game with different parties and join up with other real-life players in multiplayer mode.

Conclusion Related Apps

They have different mechanics, but there is some similarity between this and Warhammer Quest.

How To Enable Enhanced Search Mode In Windows 10

It can be frustrating when you need to find a file fast but can’t. Windows 10 does have a search tool you can use to help you find your files, but since it doesn’t index specific locations, the search takes longer.

That’s why Windows Search Enhanced Mode is a must. It more than the classic search feature and gives you more possibilities on finding the file you’re looking for faster. If you don’t have it yet, you should see it soon.

What Is Windows Search Enhanced Mode?

Wouldn’t it be great if the search feature looked beyond your images, documents, videos, and desktop? The feature that does just that is called Enhanced Windows Search Mode.

It’s made to find the files you’re looking for quickly by searching in areas that the classic search didn’t have indexed. This enhanced mode will search in your computer’s internal database (all folders and drives) and will show you the results immediately. One thing to keep in mind is that if you enable this feature, you will notice a boost in battery and CPU consumption.

How to Enable Windows Search Enhanced Mode

You’ll only see two options: the Classic and the Enhanced option. Once you choose the Enhanced option, the indexing will start, but it will be a one-time thing.

When you start searching for something immediately, you won’t see the supplementary files come up since it will take about fifteen minutes to see them. If you have a considerable amount of files, don’t be surprised if the process takes longer. If you’re on your laptop’s battery, make sure it isn’t low since you don’t want your battery to run out while your computer is indexing.

How to Turn Off Windows Search Enhanced Mode

If you try and and come to the conclusion that it’s just not for you, you can always turn it off. Repeat the steps you followed earlier. When you get to the Find My Files section, select the Classic option. Once you choose this option, things will go back to the way they were.


All this time you may have spent longer than you needed to waiting for your search results. Thanks to the Windows Search Enhanced Mode, you should get your results faster than before. It will take a toll on your laptop’s battery, but it will save you time. What are your thoughts on the Search Enhanced Mode feature?

Fabio Buckell

Just a simple guy that can’t enough of Technology in general and is always surrounded by at least one Android and iOS device. I’m a Pizza addict as well.

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How To Get The Port Number Of The Processes Using Powershell?

Active Connections   Proto  Local Address          Foreign Address        State   TCP         DESKTOP-9435KM9:56668  ESTABLISHED   TCP        DESKTOP-9435KM9:56733  ESTABLISHED   TCP        DESKTOP-9435KM9:58748  ESTABLISHED   TCP        DESKTOP-9435KM9:58755  ESTABLISHED   TCP        DESKTOP-9435KM9:58766  ESTABLISHED   TCP        DESKTOP-9435KM9:58772  ESTABLISHED   TCP        DESKTOP-9435KM9:58780  ESTABLISHED   TCP        DESKTOP-9435KM9:58782  ESTABLISHED   TCP        DESKTOP-9435KM9:58788  ESTABLISHED   TCP        DESKTOP-9435KM9:58797  ESTABLISHED   TCP        DESKTOP-9435KM9:58799  ESTABLISHED   TCP        DESKTOP-9435KM9:58801  ESTABLISHED   TCP        DESKTOP-9435KM9:58810  ESTABLISHED   TCP        DESKTOP-9435KM9:58815  ESTABLISHED   TCP        DESKTOP-9435KM9:58833  ESTABLISHED   TCP        DESKTOP-9435KM9:58835  ESTABLISHED   TCP        DESKTOP-9435KM9:58836  ESTABLISHED   TCP        DESKTOP-9435KM9:58837  ESTABLISHED   TCP        DESKTOP-9435KM9:58838  ESTABLISHED   TCP        DESKTOP-9435KM9:58843  ESTABLISHED                                                   Active Connections

  Proto  Local Address          Foreign Address        State           PID   TCP                LISTENING       1208   TCP                LISTENING       4   TCP               LISTENING       4   TCP               LISTENING       7864   TCP               LISTENING       4   TCP              LISTENING       26860   TCP              LISTENING       760   TCP              LISTENING       912   TCP              LISTENING       1704   TCP              LISTENING       2976   TCP              LISTENING       3868   TCP              LISTENING       3996   TCP              LISTENING       720   TCP              LISTENING       9276   TCP              LISTENING       4   TCP              LISTENING       4   TCP              LISTENING       15532   TCP        ESTABLISHED     15532   TCP              LISTENING       26860

We got Process ID (PID) in this table and we can retrieve the processes with PID with Get-Process command and write a program for it which can correlate both.

function Get-ProcessPorts{      [cmdletbinding()]      Param(         [parameter(Mandatory=$True, ValueFromPipeLine=$True)]         [AllowEmptyCollection()]         [string[]]$ProcessName      )      Begin{              Write-Verbose "Declaring empty array to store the output"          $portout = @()                  }      Process{           Write-Verbose "Processes to get the port information"                 $processes = Get-Process $ProcessName             foreach($proc in $processes){                # Get the port for the process.                # Separate each instance                foreach($sport in $mports)                    # Split the netstat output and remove empty lines from the output.                    $LCount = $out[1].LastIndexOf(':')                    $RCount = $out[2].LastIndexOf(':')                    $portout += [PSCustomObject]@{                                    'Process'  = $proc.Name                      'PID' = $proc.ID                      'Protocol' = $out[0]                      'LocalAddress' = $out[1].SubString(0,$LCount)                      'LocalPort' = $out[1].SubString($Lcount+1,($out[1].Length-$Lcount-1))                      'RemoteAddress' = $out[2].SubString(0,$RCount)                      'RemotePort' = $out[2].SubString($RCount+1,($out[2].Length-$Rcount-1))                      'Connection' = $(                         # Checking if the connection contains any empty string.                         if(!($out[3] -match 'd')){$out[3]}                            )                   }                }            }       }       End{       Write-Verbose "End of the program"    } }

Output −

Process  PID Protocol LocalAddress  LocalPort RemoteAddress  RemotePort Connection -------  --- -------- ------------  --------- -------------  ---------- ---------- avp     4252 TCP     49676        0          LISTENING   avp     4252 TCP     49676      50304      ESTABLISHED avp     4252 TCP     49676      50338      ESTABLISHED avp     4252 TCP     49676      50347      ESTABLISHED avp     4252 TCP     49676      50357      ESTABLISHED avp     4252 TCP     49676      50366      ESTABLISHED avp     4252 TCP     49676      50370      ESTABLISHED avp     4252 TCP     49676      50375      ESTABLISHED avp     4252 TCP     49676      50376      ESTABLISHED avp     4252 TCP     49676      50377      ESTABLISHED avp     4252 TCP     49676      50378      ESTABLISHED avp     4252 TCP     49676      50379      ESTABLISHED avp     4252 TCP     49676      50380      ESTABLISHED avp     4252 TCP     49676      50385      ESTABLISHED avp     4252 TCP     49676      50387      ESTABLISHED WINWORD 25852 TCP 53584  443        ESTABLISHED WINWORD 25852 TCP 53592  443        ESTABLISHED VERBOSE: End of the program

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