Trending February 2024 # Three Critical Resources You Should Use To Harden Your Linux Server # Suggested March 2024 # Top 4 Popular

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If you have ever maintained a Linux server with ports accessible to the Internet, you have no doubt had attacks on your server. With so many tools to scan servers, as well as insecure programs and vulnerabilities, no server administrator can take the risk of being complacent. Routine security checks and maintenance are essential to server safety.

There are numerous blogs, books, and websites that offer guidance on server security as well as resources known for their extensiveness and effectiveness. Though these are robust and detailed, take care to not apply these guidelines blindly, ensure you have a backup, and assert that you have a plan for rollback.

The following list are some of the best resources you should refer to to harden the security of your Linux server.

1. CIS benchmarks

CIS benchmarks provide the best practice configuration guidelines utilized in various areas including academia and government. They contain extensive guidelines across most every operating system and are highly detailed with best-practice security configuration guides. The benchmarks are available for free, but do take note that you need to ensure that you understand what you are applying and have a safe plan for rolling back, if needed.

2. STIG viewer

The Security Technical Implementation Guides, also known as STIGs, are guidelines that are utilized by the department of defense and other government institutions. Similar to the CIS benchmarks, STIGs provide guidelines for security across multiple platforms and systems. STIGs can be easily applied to desktop computers, as the higher severity level entries should usually be applied to almost all systems. STIGs are available for free.

3. Lynis

Lynis is an auditing tool available for Linux, macOS, and Unix servers.

To use it on your Linux server, you will need to install the Lynis package.

In Ubuntu, use the following command:

sudo

apt

install

lynis

From there, run the following command to audit your system:

This will run a system-wide security audit which will let you know of items that you may want to fix in order to harden your server. Once completed, your results will be saved to the file “/var/log/lynis.log.”

One of the benefits using Lynis is that it will check against various benchmarks, including CIS. There are also a number of plugins available that will allow you to add checks that are not included by default.

Another strength of Lynis is the ability to monitor remote servers.

sudo

lynis audit system remote

[

HOST

]

The benefit to this is that you can monitor systems you have access to, store the information to a log, and notify those who need to know.

Ultimately, you may want to create a cron job that will run this script on a regular basis and store the results in a manner that is best for you to review. If this is done, it is suggested that you run the script and enable it to show warnings only:

sudo

lynis audit system

--cronjob

--quiet

In general, apply guidelines liberally, but sensibly. Evaluate each aspect to your needs and those who utilize your servers. Finally, be sure to document what has been completed, how to duplicate what was done, and how to review the anticipated remedy. Always stay up to date with common standards and keep notified of emerging exploits.

Applying all of the guidelines can help in protecting your system, but with new programs, users, updates, and configurations, server hardening is an ongoing job. Never let your guard down, but stay confident in the fact that you are protecting your server against most known threats. You are, in essence, planning to succeed.

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22 Best Linux Apps On Chromebook You Should Use

It has been more than 3 years since Project Crostini (Linux Support) was announced and now the majority of Chromebooks have Linux app support. Initially, Crostini was available only on Developer Mode, but thankfully, now you can install Linux apps in both normal mode and stable channel as well. And in the last two years, Linux has improved by leaps and bounds and it’s almost stable to use.

So, in this article, we bring you the 22 best Linux apps on Chromebook that you can comfortably use right now. We have included many helpful programs that are otherwise not available through the Web or Android apps platform. Now with all that said, let’s go ahead and learn about Linux apps in detail.

Best Linux Apps on Chromebook (Updated 2023)

We have mentioned the 22 best Linux apps on Chrome OS along with their installation guide. In case, you are new to this ecosystem, go through our Linux installation tutorial on Chrome OS first, and then follow this article.

Top Linux Apps for Chromebooks 1. GIMP

Also, keep in mind currently, Linux on Chrome OS does not support hardware acceleration so the performance is slightly choppy. However, I have been using it for quite a while and frankly, it’s more than usable and I simply love it. It will even get better when Linux will start supporting hardware acceleration on Chrome OS in the near future. Anyway, here is how you can install the best Linux app on Chromebook.

How to Install: Open Terminal and execute the below command. After installation, you will find the app in the app drawer inside the Linux apps folder.

sudo apt-get install gimp 2. Libre Office

While we have mentioned some Office programs in our article for the best Chrome OS apps, you can use some of the Linux programs for documents and word processing as well. In this regard, Libre Office is ranked among the best Linux apps on Chromebooks as it’s completely free and open-source.

How to Install: Open Terminal and execute the below command. After installation, you will find the app in the app drawer inside the Linux apps folder.

sudo apt install libreoffice

3. Master PDF Editor

In the above two Linux apps, we offered alternatives for Adobe Photoshop and Microsoft Office on Chrome OS. Here, we are going to offer you another Linux app for editing PDFs similar to Adobe Acrobat. Master PDF Editor is an excellent program for creating and editing PDF files.

It also lets you encrypt, sign, modify, split and annotate PDF documents on the go. Basically, you get all the features of a PDF editor on Chrome OS thanks to the Linux support. So, what are you waiting for? Go ahead and install this excellent Linux app on your Chromebook.

sudo apt-get install libsane

4. Wine 5.0

Wine is not a GUI-based app, but it’s one of the most powerful Linux apps that you must install on your Chromebook. Wine is a compatibility layer (not an emulator) that allows you to install Windows apps on Chromebooks. Believe me, I have installed and continue to use full-fledged Windows versions of Microsoft Office, IDM, IrfanView, research tools like GraphPad, powerful OCR software, and much more on my Chromebook.

How to Install: Just follow our dedicated guide on how to install Windows programs on Chrome OS using Wine 5.0.

5. Steam

You may not be aware but Steam works wonderfully well on Chromebook, thanks to the Linux support. It also features the Proton layer (a modified version of Wine) which you can use to play Windows games on Chromebook. Not all Windows games are supported though. You can find more information about the state of Linux gaming from our article on the best Linux games. Anyway, the installation process is pretty simple and we have mentioned a detailed guide below.

6. Flatpak

While Chrome OS comes with Linux support, it does not have a user-facing Linux app store from where users can seamlessly install apps. So if you are looking for an online hub where you can find Linux apps that are compatible on Chromebook then Flatpak is what you need.

How to Install Flatpak: You can follow our guide and learn how to install Flatpak on Chromebook. However, to explain briefly, execute the below commands to install Flatpak. After that, open chúng tôi and open any app of your choice. Now, copy the command at the bottom and execute it on the Terminal to install the app.

sudo apt install flatpak

7. Firefox

While Chromebook is all about the Chrome browser, things have changed after the Linux support. Now, you can install Firefox on your Chromebook and use parallel web browsers without any issue. In fact, the performance difference is not bad at all. Despite running in a container, Firefox was easily able to play a 1080p YouTube video, with a couple of tabs open. In tandem, Firefox didn’t stutter a bit and that’s quite great.

Coming to installation, there are two builds of Firefox that you can install on Chromebook. First is Firefox ESR which is basically the Extended Support Release. It’s generally built for Enterprise and large organizations where you get updates after 3-6 months. You can also download the standard version of Firefox but the installation process is a bit hacky. Nevertheless, here is how you can get Firefox on your Chromebook.

How to Install Firefox ESR: Execute the below command in the Terminal. You will find the app in your app drawer.

sudo apt-get install firefox-esr

How to Install the Standard Firefox: Download Firefox from the official website and move it to the Linux files section. After that, rename the file to firefox.tar.bz2 and then execute the below commands. After the installation, to access Firefox, you will have to use the last two commands only.

tar -xvf firefox.tar.bz2 cd firefox ./firefox

8. Microsoft Edge

It does not have the same fluidity as Chrome, but works pretty well across websites. Just don’t expect full-res DRM content from Netflix, Prime Video on Edge. Also, note that the installation process is quite seamless as you have to just install the DEB file instead of dealing with Linux commands.

9. Kdenlive / OpenShot

While Chrome OS does not have a full-fledged video editor, Linux allows you to install a desktop-class and powerful application called Kdenlive for video editing. It’s a very popular app among the Linux users community and we tried it on our Chromebook and it worked just fine. Sure, the app was sometimes slow to respond, but it certainly worked in our testing. Apart from that, you can use another widely popular open-source video editor OpenShot which is also quite feature-packed.

Also, if you enable the chrome://flags/#crostini-gpu-support flag then the performance gets much better while dealing with resource-intensive Linux apps. All I would say is, in the absence of Chrome OS native apps, Linux apps have filled the shoes to a large extent. You can get the best Linux apps on your Chromebook which are almost comparable to Windows and macOS applications.

How to Install Kdenlive: Open Terminal and execute the below command. After installation, you will find the app in the app drawer inside the Linux apps folder.

sudo apt-get install kdenlive

How to Install OpenShot: Open Terminal and execute the below command. After the installation, you will find the app in the app drawer inside the Linux apps folder. You can also install OpenShot by downloading the latest AppImage file. You can learn how to install AppImage programs on Chromebook from our guide.

sudo apt-get install openshot

10. uGet

Since IDM is not available on Chrome OS, you can install the popular open-source download manager, uGet. Yes, it works pretty well using the Linux Container and I did not face any issues on my Chromebook. I was able to download a video from YouTube by just pasting the link and uGet took care of everything.

The speed was also quite consistent and I did a host of tests to check the stability of the application. I stopped and resumed the download several times, but it didn’t break the resume process. Overall, I found uGet one of the most reliable Linux apps on Chrome OS and you can surely give it a try.

How to Install: Open the Terminal and execute the below command. After the installation, you will find the app in the app drawer inside the Linux apps folder.

sudo apt-get install uget

11. Transmission

So you are a regular torrent user and unable to find a good torrent client on Chrome OS? Well, nothing to worry as Linux has you covered on this new operating system. You can install the popular Transmission app on Chromebook using the Linux system. It comes with all the features that you get on Windows or macOS.

How to Install: Open Terminal and execute the below command. After installation, you will find the app in the app drawer inside the Linux apps folder.

sudo apt-get install transmission-qt

12. Inkscape

As an illustrator, you have access to flexible drawing tools, bezier and spiro curves, and finally a powerful text tool. Having said that, since the application is quite heavy and there is no hardware acceleration available on Chrome OS, the performance takes a hit. Nevertheless, if you have a powerful Chromebook, you can definitely try it on your machine.

How to Install: Open Terminal and execute the below command. After installation, you will find the app in the app drawer inside the Linux apps folder.

sudo apt-get install inkscape

13. Kolourpaint

Apart from that, Kolourpaint performed really well and it didn’t feel like the app was running in a container. There is no lag and you can create and edit a bulk of images in one go. If you ever wanted to use an app like Microsoft Paint on Chrome OS, this is the best option and I think, it’s much better.

How to Install: Open Terminal and execute the below command. After installation, you will find the app in the app drawer inside the Linux apps folder.

sudo apt-get install kolourpaint

14. Pinta

15. Thunderbird

Basically, you get an offline email client with all the desktop features that are available on Windows and macOS apps. Surprisingly, Thunderbird performed far better than my expectations and feels almost like a native app. So, if you want an email client and Android apps are not scaling well then Thunderbird is the app you need. It’s truly one of the best Linux apps on this list.

How to Install: Open Terminal and execute the below command. After installation, you will find the app in the app drawer inside the Linux apps folder.

sudo apt-get install thunderbird

16. Bluemail

While Thunderbird is great, if you need an email client alternative for Linux on Chromebook then Bluemail has you covered. It offers a modern UI with support for various domains such as Google, Yahoo, Hotmail, and more. You can even manually set up IMAP, POP3, Exchange accounts on Bluemail. What I love about Bluemail is that its Linux version is quite feature-rich and supports dark mode too. So go ahead and install Bluemail on your Chrom ebook.

17. FocusWriter

How to Install: First of all, set up Flatpak by following point #6 of this article. After that, open this link and copy the command at the bottom of the page. Now, paste the command on the Linux Terminal and it will install FocusWriter on your Chromebook.

18. Audacity

There are also many plugins available for Audacity which will allow you to connect your software with other sound equipment and program. Not to mention, there is full support for digitizing audios, sample rate conversion, frequency analysis and a lot more. All in all, Audacity is a professional-grade audio software and you can comfortably use it on your Chromebook thanks to the Linux support.

How to Install: Open Terminal and execute the below command. After installation, you will find the app in the app drawer inside the Linux apps folder.

sudo apt-get install audacity

19. Nautilus

Nautilus is one of the best Linux apps on Chromebook as it allows you to access Linux directories just like any other Linux distro. With the default Files app on Chromebook, you can only access the Linux file section and at most, can see the hidden files. However, if you want to access system directories like mnt, usr or root then Nautilus helps you access those folders easily.

How to Install: Execute the below command in the Terminal. After the installation, you will find the app in your app drawer.

sudo apt-get install nautilus

20. Visual Studio Code / Android Studio

If you are a programmer then Chromebook has you covered with the most popular development tools out there. You can run and set up Visual Studio Code seamlessly, as you can Android Studio. The out-of-the-box experience is very hassle-free, just like on Windows and macOS. In fact, Google recently announced a new portal where you can get all the information required to set up Android, Web and Flutter development environments.

As for Visual Studio Code, you can just about do anything with your code, ranging from debugging, syntax highlighting, and quick code completion. And if you want to add C, C++ or Python to VSC then just add the extension and you will be up running without any issue. Simply put, with Linux support, Chromebooks have become a powerful development machine and you should completely leverage the potential.

21. balenaEtcher

On Windows, if you want to flash ISO images or create a bootable USB drive then you have reliable tools like Rufus and PowerISO. On Chromebook, you don’t have native app support, but there is Linux which can bring all the tools for you. Thankfully, one of the popular Rufus alternatives, balenaEtcher is available on Linux which means you can install it on your Chromebook too.

balenaEtcher allows you to install flash OS images to SD cards/USB drives and it works flawlessly on Chromebooks. And that’s why we have chosen the app among the best Linux apps on Chromebook. Here is how you can install it.

22. Virtual Machine Manager

If you are using one of the latest Chromebooks that feature the 10th-gen Intel Comet Lake CPU then Virtual Machine Manager will be of great help. The latest-gen Chromebooks (based on Hatch board) now come with Nested KVM support which means you will be able to run Windows 10 on a virtual machine. And Virtual Machine Manager is the app you should use on Chrome OS to seamlessly create a VM.

How to Install: Execute the below command in the Terminal. After the installation, you will find the app in your app drawer.

sudo apt-get install virt-manager

Install the Best Linux Apps on Your Chromebook

So this is our list of the 22 best Linux apps available on Chromebook right now. We have included many applications ranging from productivity to creative software. As we can see, Linux support on Chrome OS is groundbreaking and it’s bringing many professional software to Chrome OS users just like that. I am pretty sure, in a few years, Linux apps will become the de-facto app platform on Chrome OS.

Why You Should Use An Anti

If you have been using a computer long enough, you might have come across a number of suggestions like never try to access your personal or financial information from a public computer or any system that is not yours. One of the reasons for this suggestion is the threat of keylogging where everything you see and type is automatically recorded and sent to a third party without your knowledge. This, in turn, provides the attacker with plenty of access to your personal and financial information. In fact, the keyloggers play a major role in online identity theft.

What a Keylogger Is and What It Can Do

As you can tell from the name itself, a keylogger is nothing but software (unless it is a hardware keylogger) that monitors, records and sends the data over to a third party. Often, this is done without your knowledge leading to data and identity theft. Over a period of time, keyloggers have grown in functionality and can monitor and record a wide range of your activities that can seriously damage you. The below list includes but is not limited to the capabilities of the most modern keyloggers.

Stay invisible to the user so that they cannot view or uninstall it

Monitor keyboard presses and mouse activity

Control various system settings without the knowledge of the user (often with admin rights)

Monitor file and folder activities

Capture login details of email accounts, bank accounts and other online and offline accounts

Monitor clipboard activities

Take control of your microphone and webcam

Take screenshots of your desktop activity

Send collected data via FTP, LAN, email, etc.

Protect Yourself from Keylogging

To protect yourself from a software keylogger, you can use an anti-keylogger software like GhostPress which encrypts all your keystrokes. The good things about GhostPress are that it is free, small, and portable which make it a good choice when you want to use a public  computer or a system that is not yours.

To start, head over to the official site and download the software. Once downloaded, extract the contents of the zip file.

Now, execute the EXE file in the folder. Being a portable application, there is no need for you to install it. Once the application has been launched, it automatically encrypts any and all keystrokes. There is no need for you to mess with any settings.

If you want to further increase the protection then you can do that by simply selecting “Options” appearing on the left panel and then navigating to the “Security” tab. Here, select the checkbox “Process Protection” and optionally, set the Delay Protection to “Enhanced.” When the Delay Protection option is enabled, all your keystrokes will be randomly delayed for a short time so that the keylogger software cannot detect who you are based on your typing behaviour.

If you want to regularly use this software on your machine, then navigate to the “Widget” tab and select the “Start with Windows” checkbox. When enabled, GhostPress automatically launches on system startup eliminating the need to manually launch it every time.

Obviously, all the software you use can only protects you from the software keyloggers. If the attacker is using a hardware keylogger which sits between the keyboard and the system, all your keystrokes can still be leaked. So be extra cautious when you can using public computers like in Internet cafes.

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5 Reasons Why You Should Use Shopify For Your Retail Business

How you can use Shopify to build your ecommerce business

When it comes to building websites for your business with so many options to choose from, sometimes it’s so overwhelming that you are tempted to just purchase from the first website you go to.

You should buy your website from Shopify as this is the easiest, cheapest and most convenient way for a business to set up a store and start selling their products and services online straight away.

If you’re not tech savvy and you want your own e-commerce store, and have outgrown marketplaces like eBay or Amazon, and just starting out, go with Shopify.

Last month, the leading multi-channel commerce platform, Shopify announced in a press release that it now powers more than 500,000 businesses in 175 countries around the world. Since 2012, the number of merchants on the Shopify platform has grown annually at an average rate of 74%, and these retailers have achieved over $40 billion dollars in sales. More than 1.2 million people are actively using the Shopify backend platform.

Another surprising fact is that more women entrepreneurs than men have built their businesses on Shopify at 52% and 47% with 1% other. Shopify merchants: 18 – 24 (7.3%); 25 – 34 (37.5%); 35 – 44 (30.0%); 45+ (24.9%). A whopping 131 million people have bought from Shopify stores in the last 12 months with Shopify merchants generated sales of over $100,000 per minute during Black Friday and Cyber Monday of last year.

Here are five reasons on why you should buy Shopify websites for your company:

1:  Big brands are using Shopify

If it’s good enough for well-known brands, then it’s definitely good enough for your e-commerce website. Names such as Lollapalooza, Third eye blind, and American Blues musician Jimmie Vaughan also sells his merchandise on his Shopify website. SMS Audio, Bohemian Guitars and Leather Head sports also use Spotify making this is a good reason in itself to buy Shopify sites to help boost your e-commerce traffic.

Shopify is also used by brands such as Tesla, Nestle, GE, Red Bull, Kylie Cosmetics.

2: You don’t have to worry about server costs

Many businesses are put off by server prices, so luckily Shopify’s server is maintained by them, and it comes with a number of plans and a monthly subscription, so you choose the plan which fits your requirements. Shopify is free for 14 days, so you can set up your online store and choose a plan later. Prices range from $29 to $299 a month.

3: Discounts are offered on annual plans

Not everyone is a fan of monthly payment plans, which is why Shopify also provides discounts on annual plans and biennial plans. If you prefer annual payments, you will receive a 10% discount, and if you prefer biennial plans, your company will receive a 20% discount.

4: Shopify has great app integrations with SaaS services

Shopify is popular with SaaS service companies because their customers are familiar with monthly plans.

That’s why you’ll most probably always find whatever innovative new service you need on Shopify first before anywhere else, and some of them offer excellent free plans. Conversely, SaaS companies also aren’t keen on e-commerce competitor platforms like woo commerce or open cart because the people who use them don’t pay monthly subscription fees. So a lot of really convenient services are not integrated on these platforms.

App integration will save you time, money, reduce errors, give your apps better data insights, make them cheaper and uncomplicated and easier to customise.

An article on the Shopify website says that “The Shopify experience is perfect for their customers: they can browse the website and find different items, choose their shipping method and payment method easily and without hassle.” A Shopify user, a non-profit church ministry, uses the app with Salesforce, their main CRM tool.  The problem is that the church needed to collect all that valuable data and then manually input it into the Salesforce platform and with now with powerful, integration, they managed to automate the whole process. Whenever a sale goes through in Shopify, a new opportunity is created in Salesforce. This process saves the company time and money which is ideal for a not for profit.”

5: Security & Reliability Shopify is a global hosted service, meaning they have people monitoring their network 24/7 for any attacks and they can help you deal with any problems that arise. Also, their add-ons have a certain standard and will not pose the risk of giving you trojans or viruses. You can also opt for SSL or even PCI compliance to accept credit cards and store sensitive information without having to know the technical details of how it works. Other sources do offer this as well. However, they can’t offer you this level of security and reliability for the same price. Other companies will charge you more.

What’s new at Shopify?

With the Amazon sales channel, you can sell on the world’s largest online marketplace simply and conveniently through Shopify. Since the channel’s launch, U.S. Shopify store owners have made millions in sales and fulfilled tens of thousands of Amazon orders with Shopify, making it one of the fastest growing sales channels.

A new card and swipe reader has also recently been introduced in the US Shopify merchants last month.  This device is designed to meet the needs of merchants selling in person, whether it’s in store, or at a pop-up, festival, or market.  It’s Pocket-sized, and wireless features with a long battery life makes this the perfect machine to take wherever you sell from. This product is free for store owners new to Shopify POS (and $29 for everyone else), it’s an affordable solution with useful features.

Share your Shopify experiences with us and let us know your thoughts?

Why Should You Use A Password Manager?

It’s undoubtedly true that we don’t usually come up with really creative passwords that are bound to protect our account. And how many among us use the same password on a couple of websites? These little crimes heap up to turn into a bubble that may burst one day, leaving us hacked. But what should we do? The answer is simple – turn to a password manager.

Password managers are perfect when you want to secure your accounts with really strong keys, but at the same time you are not capable of remembering long sequences of seemingly random letters and number. To put it simply: if you’re a normal, healthy human being with a thing for security, you can try one of these programs:

LastPass is a password manager that stores your data in a cloud and supports all the popular Internet browsers. Furthermore, there are numerous additional plug-ins and extensions to secure your PC even more. Synching between your equipment is possble with a version compatible with mobile devices. Since all our data remains safe on official servers in an encrypted form, even the creators of the program can’t access your sensitive data. With its configuration creator LastPass makes it easy to manage all the settings even for a beginner. With the program it is also possible to check our previous passwords and see how safe they really are.

Keepass is a great choice for those of you who don’t trust clouds and who would like to store their password on their own hard drives. The program also supports all the popular Internet browsers and mobile devices. However, you have to remember that synching passkeys won’t be done automatically as it is in the case of LastPass. But it is possible to use popular cloud devices such as SkyDrive or Dropbox.

Once you have chosen a password manager all you have to do is to pick one strong master password – this is the only password you need to remember – that will give you an access to all your encrypted and saved data. Apart from creating new, safe passwords and saving them in its memory, these applications can also remember more of your sensitive data to automatically fill in things such as credit card number, ID number or personal data, significantly shortening the time you have to spend when e.g. registering in a Web service or buying something in an online shop.

18 Google Chrome Shortcuts You Should Use

Best Google Chrome Shortcuts in 2023

Here, I have covered Google Chrome shortcuts for Windows, macOS, Chrome OS, and Linux. As such, Windows, Chrome OS, and Linux have nearly identical keyboard layout so the shortcuts are the same for these platforms. However, macOS has a slightly different keyboard layout having command (Cmd) in place of control (Ctrl) key. So for macOS, make sure to replace the Ctrl key with the Cmd key in the shortcuts below. In cases of other variations, I have mentioned Google Chrome shortcuts for macOS explicitly.

1. Manage Chrome Tabs and Windows

These are some of the best Google Chrome shortcuts to efficiently manage tabs and windows without any hassle. We have compiled basic Google Chrome shortcuts below so that you can achieve your tasks without losing any moment.

Open new tab: Ctrl+T

Open new window: Ctrl+N

Switch chrome tabs: Ctrl+Tab

Switch chrome tabs on Mac: Cmd+Option+Right or Left arrow

If you want to get a unique experience whenever you launch a new Chrome tab then you should look at some cool Chrome new tab extensions that will let you customize the interface.

2. Close Active Tab 3. Reopen Closed Tab

Sometimes in a hurry, we close an active tab that we were supposed to use. But there is a nifty Google Chrome shortcut that allows you to instantly reopen the closed tab. Simply press Ctrl + Shift + T and the last closed tab will be opened. You can run this shortcut as many times as you want until you find your active tab.

4. Open Incognito Mode

Chrome has a cool keyboard shortcut which lets you open the Incognito mode within seconds. Just press Ctrl + Shift + N and you will be on the Incognito mode. And if you want to close it, simply press Ctrl + Shift + W and you will be back to the normal mode.

5. Webpage Shortcuts

These are some of the most helpful Google Chrome shortcuts which can help you expertly navigate through the web pages. If you want to master Google Chrome, you must know the navigational shortcuts.

Go back: Alt+Left arrow

Go forward: Alt+Right arrow

Go back on Mac: Cmd+[

Go forward on Mac: Cmd+]

Save the page: Ctrl+S

Print the page: Ctrl+P

Search the page: Ctrl+F

6. Refresh the Page 7. Zoom In and Out

Zoom in and out is one of my favorite Google Chrome shortcuts that I regularly use. If the content of a webpage is too small and unreadable then you can press Ctrl + Plus key to zoom into the page. Similarly, if the content size is too big then you can reduce it by pressing Ctrl + Minus key. And if you want to reset the zoom percentage to the default size then simply press Ctrl + 0.

8. Google Chrome Functions

Open History: Ctrl+H

Open History on Mac: Cmd+H

Bookmark the current page: Ctrl+D

Jump to the Address Bar: Ctrl+L

9. Show/Hide Bookmark Bar

10. Switch Chrome User

11. Perform Google Search from Anywhere

This handy Google Chrome shortcut has saved so much time for me. Just press Ctrl+K and you will be on the Google Omnibox, ready to enter your search query. The best part is that you can be anywhere on a webpage and just summon Google search with this effective shortcut. Note that some web apps keep the Ctrl+K shortcut for different actions (such as adding links). In those cases, this shortcut will not work.

12. Paste Without Formatting

This is a really useful shortcut if you copy content from the web but dread the text formatting that comes with it. Well, just press Ctrl+Shift+V and voila, you have plain text without weird composition in your word processor. Awesome, right?

13. Delete Browsing Data

14. Scroll Horizontally

There are times when we face horizontally laid out pages and we have no idea how to go about it. Well, just press and hold the shift button and scroll the mouse wheel. The web page will start scrolling horizontally. Now you should remember it the next face time you come across such web pages.

15. Open Chrome’s Menu and Settings

Many users hate the fact that there is no proper Google Chrome shortcut for opening the Settings page. Well, I have found this ingenious way you can open the Settings page in no time. Just press Alt+E to open Chrome’s menu and then press the “S” key to open Settings. You are welcome.

Note: This shortcut does not work on Mac.

16. Open the Home Page

Using this cool Google Chrome shortcut, you can open your Chrome home page, just by pressing Alt + Home buttons on Windows and Linux computers. And on macOS, press Cmd + Shift + H to open the home page in the current tab. This way, you will not have to keep opening a new tab for accessing the home page.

Note: This shortcut does not work on Chrome OS.

18. Open Chrome Task Manager

Similar to the Windows Task Manager, Chrome also has its dedicated Task Manager and you can open it through a Google Chrome shortcut. Just press Shift + Esc and you can check which apps and extensions are eating your RAM and spiking the CPU usage. In case a tab becomes unresponsive, you can easily end the process from here.

Create Your Own Google Chrome Shortcuts

Google Chrome has a great feature that lets users assign custom keyboard shortcuts to Chrome extensions. For example, I use the Dark Reader extension to darken all the webpages. However, at times, the extension darkens the content of a webpage and it becomes harder to read. In that case, I have to jump through the hoops and turn off the dark reader extension manually. But with this feature, I can assign a custom shortcut, say Ctrl+B to turn off dark mode instantly on any page.

1. To access the settings, open chrome://extensions/shortcuts and assign your custom shortcut key to the extension of your choice. Keep in mind, the shortcut should not conflict with other shortcut key combinations. Now, you can comfortably use the custom keyboard shortcuts on Google Chrome.

Install Shortkeys: (Free)

Use Chrome to the Full Potential with Keyboard Shortcuts

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