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Introduction to Security Testing

Security Testing for an application is an essential step in the software testing lifecycle. It controls unauthorized invasions in various application levels, such as the servers, the front-end application layer, the middleware modules, and network security. This testing is used to verify if the system or users with only proper Authentication can access the application. In contrast, those that fail the Authentication are restricted from using the application.

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Here is a list of security flaws:

A student management system is insecure if the ‘ Entry ‘ branch can edit the Exam information.

The online Website has no safety if it does not encrypt the Credit Card details of a client.

Personalized software has insufficient safety when an SQL query finds actual user passwords.

Types of Security Testing

Vulnerability Scanning: This is performed via automated software to scan a system for known vulnerability signatures.

Security Scanning: It includes identifying weaknesses in the network and system and offers alternatives for decreasing such hazards. For manual and automated scanning, this scanning can be done.

Penetration Testing: This test simulates a malicious hacker attack. This examination includes analyzing a specific system to detect prospective vulnerabilities to internal hacking.

Risk Assessment: This test includes analyzing the safety hazards observed in the company. The risks have low, medium, and high classifications. This test proposes risk reduction controls and actions.

Security Auditing: The audit can be done online by line, code inspections, and operating systems for safety faults.

Ethical Hacking: Ethical hacking is not the same as malignant hacking. Instead, ethical hacking aims to identify safety shortcomings in the organizational structure.

Posture Assessment: This combines safety scanning, risk evaluations, and ethical hacking to show an overall safety position of an organization.

Methodologies of Security Testing

There are different methodologies of security testing:

Tiger Box

Black Box

Gray Box

1. Tiger Box

This hacking is performed on a laptop with an OS and hacking tool collection. This test allows penetration and security testing operators to evaluate and attack vulnerabilities.

2. Black Box

Black Box Testing is a software testing method known to the tester as Behavioral Testing. In this way, the internal design of the test product is not known. Therefore, these exams can be either functional or not.

3. Gray Box

Gray Box Testing is a software testing technique that combines Black Box and White Box testing. Grey Box Testing is a method for testing the application or software product that has part of the inner working of an implementation.

How can we do Security Testing?

It has always been agreed that this cost will be increased if we postpone security testing following software implementation or deployment. In the earlier stages, security tests must be carried out in the SDLC life cycle. Let us look at the appropriate security procedures for each SDLC stage. For the input areas, the Tester can inspect the maximum lengths. This limitation can – not allow a hacker to include such malicious scripts.

Requirements security assessment and abuse/misuse check.

Analysis of security hazards for design. Test Plan development, including safety testing.

Top 10 Open Source Security Testing Tools

Below is the list of top Security Testing tools and their features. Of course, you can choose any tool based on your needs.

1. Wapiti

Wapiti is a powerful web application security test tool for assessing your web application safety. It conducts ‘ black box testing ‘ to check for potential vulnerabilities in web applications. It scans the web pages and injects testing information to monitor the safety deficiency during the testing phase. Wapiti defines multiple vulnerabilities for the support of GET and POST HTTP attacks. Wapiti is an application for commands that is difficult for beginners but simple for professionals. Therefore, the software needs a complete command understanding.

Features of Wapiti:

XSS Injection

Database Injection

Detection of Command Execution.

Injection CRLF

2. Zed Attack Proxy

The OWASP created the Zed Attack Proxy, commonly known as ZAP, ZAP, and with that, ZAP is open-source. Zed Attack Proxy Supported by Unix / Linux, Windows, and Mac OS, Zed Attack Proxy allows you to identify a range of vulnerabilities even during the development and testing stage in web applications. This test tool is easy to use, even while you are a penetration test beginner.

Features of Zed Attack:

Zed Attack Proxy has an Automation Scanner and Authentication support.

Zed Attack Proxy also has a Dynamic SSL Certificate and Web Socket Support.

3. Vega

Written in JAVA, Vega has a GUI. It is accessible on Linux, Mac OS, and Windows, which can help you. Vega is a free web application testing tool and Open Source platform. Vega can assist in finding and validating SQL Injection, Cross-Site Scripting (XSS), and other vulnerabilities. It can also be used to set preferences, like the number of path descendants and nodes per second and maximum and minimum requests per second.

Features of Vega:

Vega has cross-Site Scripting.

SQL Injection Validate.

4. W3af

W3af is a famous security testing framework for web applications. It provides an effective web application penetration testing platform developed using Python. This tool can identify over 200 internet application safety problems, such as Cross-Site Scripting and SQL injection. In addition, it monitors the following web-app vulnerabilities. W3af can be easily understood and used through GUI (Graphical User Interface) and console interfaces. The authentication modules also allow you to authenticate the Website.

Features of W3af:

Multiple CORS defective settings.

CSRF and a lot more vulnerability.

5. Skipfish

Skipfish is an internet application proctored test tool that remedies the site, checks for weaknesses on each page, and prepares the audit report. Skipfish is written in c language and is optimized to handle HTTP and leave minimum CPU footprints. The software claims to process 2 K requests per second without showing a CPU footprint. The tool also claims to offer high-quality benefits as it utilizes heuristics in web applications. The Skipfish safety assessment tool for internet applications is available for Linux, FreeBSD, macOS, and Windows operating systems.

6. SQLMap

Common web-based security testing tools, such as SQLMap, automate the process of detecting SQL injection vulnerabilities in a website’s database. Packaged with several features, the powerful test engine allows easy penetration and SQL injection testing on a Web application. SQLMap supports many databases, including MySQL, Oracle, PostgreSQL, Microsoft SQL, etc. In addition, the test tool supports six different methods of SQL injection.

7. Wfuzz

Wfuzz is another open-source tool that can be freely accessible on the market for a web-based security testing tool. This Testing Tool was developed in Python and is used for web applications for brute force. You need to operate on the command line interface when using Wfuzz because there is no GUI interface.

Features of the Wfuzz:

Wifuzz supports multiple Injection points.

The output of Wfuzz comes in HTML.

It also has Multi-threading.

It also has Multiple proxy support.

8. Metasploit

One of the most commonly used frameworks for penetration tests. Metasploit is an open-source testing platform allowing safety tests beyond risk assessment.

Features of the Metasploit:

The structure is far better than that of the rivals.

Many scenarios for mock infiltration functions

9. Acunetix

A complete automation penetration assessment tool to scan your websites for 4500 + vulnerabilities. Acunetix’s most striking feature is that it can rush thousands of pages without interruption.

Feature of Acunetix:

It can readily produce many technical and compliance remedies.

Scans of both open-source and personalized apps

Deep scans for efficient scanning.

10. Grabber

Grabber is an open-source scanner to detect internet applications ‘ safety vulnerabilities. Small web applications such as forums and private Internet sites are mobile and can be scanned. However, Grabber is a small testing tool that takes longer to scan large applications. Additionally, the scanner lacks a GUI interface and does not possess a PDF report generation feature, as it is specifically designed for personal use.

Features of Grabber:

File verification backup

Ajax Verification


This article has seen what security testing is, why we need it, different types of security testing, and tools used to perform the testing and features. This article will help you choose testing tools based on your requirements and the features given above.

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Penetration Testing Open Source Tools

Introduction to Penetration Testing Open Source Tools

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List of Various Open-Source Tools

So, here is a list of various open-source tools.

1. Netsparker

Netsparker is an efficient vulnerability scanner for web applications that automatically detect XSS, SQL Injection, and other vulnerabilities in web applications and web services. It is available as an on-site solution and as a SAAS solution.

Features of Netsparker:

The scanner automatically detects custom 404 error pages and URL rewrite rules.

REST API for smooth integration with the SDLC, systems for monitoring bugs, etc.

It is a highly configurable system that Scans 1,000 web applications in 1 day.

2. Acunetix

Acunetix is a widely popular and fully automated penetration testing tool. The Acunetix web application security scanner appropriately scans JavaScript, HTML5, and Single-Page applications. It audits and authenticates complex web apps and generates management reports and compliance on a large range of network and web vulnerabilities, including out-of-band vulnerabilities.

Features of Acunetix:

It scans all variants of XSS, SQL Injection, and 5000+ additional vulnerabilities.

It can detect over 1400 WordPress cores, plugins, and other vulnerabilities.

It is Scalable and fast as it crawls thousands of pages without interruptions in less time.

It provides Integration with popular WAFs.

It is Available Onsite as well as a Cloud solution.

3. Indusface

To detect and monitor SANS top 25 and OWASP top 10-based vulnerabilities, Indusface WAS provides manual penetration testing and automated scanning.

Features of Indusface:

Its Crawler scans single-page applications.

It has a Pause and Resumes functionality.

Automated Scanning and manual Penetration testing Reports can be seen on the same dashboard.

It provides Unlimited proof of concept requests as evidence of vulnerabilities identified.

Optional WAF integration to provide Zero False-positive instant virtual patchings.

4. Aircrack

Features of Aircrack:

Aircrack supports more cards or drivers.

It is available on all OS.

It provides Support for Fragmentation attacks as well as WEP dictionary attacks.

Improved tracking speed.

5. Nexpose Rapid 7

Nexpose Rapid 7 is a widely used and popular vulnerability management tool. It scans and detects vulnerabilities in real time.

Features of Nexpose Rapid 7:

It offers a Real-Time View of the Risk.

It brings progressive and innovative approaches which help the user to secure from attacks.

6. Nessus

Nessus is a scanner that is the most robust software vulnerability identifier. It provides a wide range of website scanning, sensitive data searches, compliance checks, IP scans, etc., and helps to find the system’s “weak spots”.

It provides an easy-to-use and interactive GUI.

It is an effective scanning engine.

It helps in Generating vulnerability status reports in different formats.

It has Fast activated and deactivated attack modules.

It provides a pause and resumes a scan or an attack for the pen test.

7. W3af

W3af is a popular Web Application Attack and Audit tool. It helps detect and exploit over 200 vulnerabilities in web applications such as XSS, SQL injection, DoS, DDoS, etc.

Features of W3af:

It has a user-friendly console and graphical interface.

It provides security from Cross-Site Scripting (XSS), CRLF Injection, SEL Injection, and Xpath Injection.

It also provides Command execution detection.

8. Wapiti

Wapiti is another widely used penetration testing tool. It provides auditing of the security of web applications. Wapiti supports importing cookies, GET, and POST HTTP methods for vulnerability checks.

Features of Wapiti:

It helps in Generating vulnerability reports in different formats.

It can activate and deactivate attack modules quickly.

It Supports HTTP as well as HTTPS proxies.

It provides Automatic deletion of a parameter in URLs.

It offers activation and deactivation of SSL certificate verification.

Users can Extract URLs from Flash SWF files with the help of Wapiti.


In this article, we have seen various open-source tools for penetration testing. You can choose any of them based on your requirements. We hope you will find this article helpful.

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Is Google Killing Open Source?

All of us who have worked for big companies know that executives don’t like bad information and have a tendency to shoot the messenger. Often problems that cripple a company are known, but covered up, for years before the result is so evident it can no longer be covered up.

I wrote one of the postmortems for IBM’s fall in the ‘80s. The problems I reported were largely mirrored by Microsoft in the ‘90s and I think we are seeing the beginning of these same problems with Google. Given people migrated many of these problems as they left IBM and moved to Microsoft in the ’90s, and that people are moving from Microsoft to Google, and that Google is moving very fast, I think we’ll see this business cancer likely to progress at record speed but, perhaps, not peak until Google is vastly more powerful than any other technology company has ever been.

The problems I’m talking about relate to the need for company executives to only want to hear that which is consistent with their existing views and to attack anything that is inconsistent.A better example would be with Iraq and the U.S. government; you may recall that early on the chief military officer testified there weren’t enough troops to protect that country after it the U.S. took it chúng tôi was fired after being widely criticized disrespectfully by the administration for these views, which are clearly now known to be correct.

But Does the Same Trend Apply Broadly to Open Source?

Open Source is about sharing, but is it about candor?I’ve often compared Open to Transparent and I wonder if when we talk about the first we forget that it is the second that is the more important.Microsoft’s issues surrounded trust, and that speaks to transparent more than it does to whether or not you could see their source code. (And, coincidentally, you have to admit given their recent financials, they appear to be recovering nicely.)

People being people, why wouldn’t the same kind of problems that plague companies who have a tendency to cover up and conceal problems also apply in the Open Source community?

So what are the two topics with Open Source that should concern us but, because the discussion would trigger the famous Open Source FUD response, are being avoided?

1.What does Google’s extreme future dominance mean and, given Google’s success is significantly enabled by Open Source, will the outcome actually be better or worse, in the sense of “Freedom,” than it was during either IBM or Microsoft dominance?

The Rise of the Uber-Monopoly: Google

With SCO in the headlines and Microsoft on the offensive, Open Source was getting a massive amount of publicity, and vendors who wanted the related visibility appeared to embrace the underlying chúng tôi that is marketing, and for way too many people, marketing and reality have very little connection to each other.

During the upswing companies like Red Hat were the poster child for the industry, but Red Hat has never been that profitable, at least not when compared to Google, who appears to be the primary beneficiary of Open Source, and companies like Novell have found profit elusive.

The true poster child for Open Source is Google, which makes its money not by sharing technology but by using it effectively to reduce technology costs to incredibly low chúng tôi everyone were to follow Google’s example much of the existing technology industry, from Sun to Microsoft, would simply cease to exist.Google’s long term plan would appear to be to become more powerful than AT&T, IBM, and Microsoft chúng tôi even though they are having a little trouble controlling costs, the company is executing on this plan at an impressive speed.

Will a world dominated by Google – with more power than the combined power of the firms they displace – be better or worse than it is now? That will depend on Google, but clearly companies that achieved a fraction of that kind of power in the past (do no evil policies aside) have not handled it well, and I doubt Google will either. Because inside the search giant are people, many of whom came from the same companies that had issues when they dominated their respective segments.

But, and here is the kicker, if Google wins as they intend, Open Source effectively is dead in much of the market as is Free (as in Free Speech) Software. In other words Google will define what you get and don’t get and they likely will define much of what you see as well. Granted much will be Free, as in Free Beer, but I wonder if the cost of this “Free” will be more than any of us now intend to chúng tôi could call this collateral damage.

In addition, those that have adopted Open Source generally find line managers focused like a laser, not on getting down hardware or software cost (which is already as low as it can go, and you can’t get blood out of a stone), but on getting down labor cost, resulting in off-shoring or foreign labor being brought in at discount rates.There really is nothing to support the compensation for OSS developers like there generally is in the proprietary world.

While this may seem inconsistent it is, however, consistent with what large companies do when they are told information they don’t want to hear. They ignore the information even if, personally, they may be planning to react to it. (I can recall a report I put out years ago at IBM talking about turning around a problem business unit. Executives vocally disagreed, but then generally left the company a few weeks after reading the negative report).

Dotcom History

For those of us that covered the dotcom years the problem came down to one big thing: a complete avoidance of financial fundamentals. People were building products and services that either didn’t have defined customers or revenues that ever could exceed costs, often chúng tôi was in, everyone was running around saying they could provide the next big thing and Netscape was the example, a company that largely gave away their product and still was successful, for awhile anyway.

Of course, in Netscape’s case, they actually were trying to sell something and collapsed when they actually shifted to Free and belatedly learned that the right model was closer to what Yahoo and Google adopted, with minimal focus on the browser and a lot of focus on what the browser was connected to.

Open Source grew up during this time, and many who support it undoubtedly benefited from the rise, but the concept of Free, as in Free Beer, should likely have been abandoned or at least enhanced to ensure that people earned a fair return for their contribution to the chúng tôi wasn’t done, and with regard to the people actually building the Open Source stuff there are still a lot of very strong contributors who help make companies like Google successful but don’t share in that chúng tôi I doubt will continue to do so indefinitely.

Look At the Outcomes

If you look at what appears to be the outcome of all of this OSS focus, Microsoft is still reporting record revenues but is just as clearly not the power player they once were. That spot has been taken by Google, a company that makes massive amounts of money from Open Source software but doesn’t seem to contribute back any more than Microsoft does (and no I don’t think Free Search and Google Apps count).

With North America apparently bleeding jobs along with much of the developed world, I wonder if there should be less focus on creating really cheap software and more focus on ensuring programmers, who provide the kind of value companies like Google are clearly getting, are compensated for that value.

In the end I don’t think Free is just killing OSS, I think it is killing one of the primary incentives to create great software in the developed chúng tôi should be Free as in Freedom. Free as in Free Beer works for some things but applied globally it substantially appears to reduce the value of the people creating software.

Wrapping Up

I don’t argue it is nice to hear good news, and you’ll note I’m actually not suggesting any change in buying behavior. I’m just suggesting there are likely things you too don’t want to hear that you need to listen to that probably go well beyond this chúng tôi there are always people who want to dictate what you can and can’t hear. Keeping others from controlling your information sources and closing that information gap could do a great deal to prevent the kinds of problems I’ve pointed out above.

75 Open Source Cloud Computing Apps

In one recent survey, IT managers said that the most important project their teams are working on for 2024 is cloud computing. And IDC predicts that by 2023, the worldwide market for public cloud services will be worth more than $127 billion, accounting for “more than half of worldwide software, server and storage spending growth.”

The open source community is heavily involved in this cloud trend. Open source technologies provide the foundation for many public cloud services, and many enterprises are using these same technologies to build private clouds and hybrid clouds. In addition, many open source projects offer cloud-based software as a service (SaaS) versions of their applications.

This month, we’re updating Datamation’s list of open source cloud computing applications, which includes infrastructure as a service (IaaS), platform as a service (PaaS), SaaS and other cloud-related offerings. This year, we’ve added quite a few new projects, including many related to cloud infrastructure, cloud storage and containerization, which isn’t surprising given all the growth and interest in cloud technologies. However, it was somewhat more surprising to see that some of the projects with SaaS offerings on last year’s version of the list have stopped offering the cloud-based versions of their software. We’ll be watching to see if this trend continues.

1. CloudStack

Sponsored by the Apache Software Foundation, CloudStack describes itself as “open source software designed to deploy and manage large networks of virtual machines, as a highly available, highly scalable Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) cloud computing platform.” Known users include Cloudera, Citrix Systems, China Telecom, Dell, Disney, Huawei, Nokia, SAP, Verizon and many other organizations. Operating System: OS Independent

2. Eucalyptus

Now part of the HP Helion ecosystem, Eucalyptus is a private cloud platform that is compatible with Amazon Web Services, which enables hybrid cloud computing. In addition to the free community version, it comes in paid standard and premium versions, and HP also offers a number of related services. Operating System: Linux

3. FOSS-Cloud

FOSS-Cloud is a comprehensive project which aims to allow organizations build their own private clouds. It is positioned as an alternative to Ctirix and VMware that can save organizations up to 40 percent. Operating System: Windows, Linux

4. ManageIQ

This cloud management solution is the open source project behind Red Hat CloudForms. It enables services like chargebacks, service orchestration, lifecycle management and automated workflows, as well as enabling hybrid cloud environments. Operating System: Linux, VMware

5. Mesos

Apache Mesos is a distributed systems kernel that abstracts computing resources away from physical or virtual machines, allowing users to treat their data centers like a single pool of resources. It’s often used with big data tools like Hadoop, and it also integrates with Docker. Operating System: Linux, OS X

6. OpenNebula

“Simple yet powerful,” OpenNebula is a turnkey solution for managing virtualized environments and creating private clouds. Paid support and services are available, and there is also a commercial arm of the project at Operating System: Linux

7. openQRM

Downloaded more than 370,000 times, openQRM enables end-user self-service for cloud provisioning and billing. It addition to the free open source version, it comes in paid SMB, Large, and Enterprise Editions. Operating System: Linux

8. OpenStack

Backed by organizations like Red Hat, SUSE, Rackspace, IBM, Intel, HP, Ubuntu and AT&T, OpenStack powers hundreds of public and private cloud computing environments. The website includes a marketplace for purchasing related products and services. Operating System: OS Independent

9. Scalr

Scalr aims to simplify the management, security and governance of multi-cloud environments while providing greater business agility for users. Well-known users include Expedia, Samsung, Disney, the NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Sony and Accenture. Operating System: Linux

10. Synnefo

Financed by Greece and the European Union, Synnefo (which means “cloud” in Greek) is an open source cloud computing stack based on Google Ganeti, Archipelago and OpenStack APIs. A 1.0 version is still under development. Operating System: Linux

11. eyeOS

Later versions of this cloud desktop solution are closed source, but you can still access the earlier open source versions through the link above. It’s based on PHP and MySQL. Operating System: Linux

12. Oneye

Oneye is based on the open source code from eyeOS. It allows users to set up a cloud desktop on their own servers and access it from any device through a browser. Operating System: Linux

13. ownCloud

This mature cloud desktop project is now on version 8.0. Key features include federated sharing, favorites, metadata support, excellent search and more. Operating System: Windows, Linux

14. Appcelerator Titanium

The open source Titanium SDK allows developers to create cross-platform native, hybrid or mobile Web apps using JavaScript. Cloud-based services based on the SDK can be found at chúng tôi Operating System: Windows, Linux, OS X, iOS, Android

15. AppScale

Sponsored by Google, Ubuntu, Cloud Sherpas, Datastax, Canonical and Mirantis, AppScale allows users to set up their own platform as a service that runs Google App Engine apps while providing additional monitoring and backup tools. Many customers use it to set up hybrid cloud environments. Paid services are available. Operating System: Linux

16. Cloud Foundry

This open source PaaS solution has a huge roster of corporate backers that includes Pivotal, Cisco, Accenture, EMC, HP, IBM, Intel, SAP, Rackspace, VMware and even the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints. It has a very active development community with regular blog posts and training events. Operating System: Linux

17. OpenShift

OpenShift is Red Hat’s open source hybrid cloud computing platform. In addition to “Origin,” the free community version, it also comes in paid online and enterprise versions. Operating System: Linux

18. Cloud9 IDE

Cloud9 is both a cloud-based Ubuntu desktop and a browser-based IDE. You can sign up to use a free or paid version of the service at the link above, or you can set up your own cloud-based IDE using the source code from GitHub. Operating System: OS Independent

19. Desein

This Dell-sponsored project provides “a Java-based cloud abstraction layer” that makes it possible for developers to write an application once and then run it on any cloud computing service. It’s pronounced “da z-eye-n.” Operating System: Linux

20. Dirigible

Owned by SAP, Dirigible is an integrated development environment as a service (IDEaaS) that promises to help developers “enjoy programming like never before.” It’s still in beta trials, and you can register to use it for free from the link above. The source code is on GitHub. Operating System: OS Independent

21. Falcon

Falcon describes itself as a “very fast, minimalist Python framework for building cloud APIs and app backends.” The website includes some impressive benchmark numbers. Operating System: Windows, Linux, OS X

22. PredictionIO

This open source machine learning server promises to allow developers to “build and deploy machine intelligence in a fraction of the time.” It’s based on other projects like Apache Spark, Hbase and Spray. Enterprise support is available. Operating System: Linux

23. Roboconf

This tool makes it easier to deploy applications to the cloud or other distributed computing environments. It supports many public cloud services, including AWS, Microsoft and Vmware, as well as most private cloud environments. Operating System: OS Independent

24. Amanda

The Advanced Maryland Automatic Network Disk Archiver, or Amanda, claims to be the “most popular open source backup and recovery software in the world.” It is now owned by the well-known cloud backup service Carbonite and provides the underlying technology for the Carbonite service. Operating System: Windows

25. Bacula

Bacula also claims the “most popular open source backup program” title. It’s a network-based solution for larger organizations. A supported enterprise edition and “Bacula for the Cloud” are available throughBacula Systems. Operating System: Windows, Linux, OS X

26. Duplicati

This backup client automatically stores backups on a cloud computing service. It works with AWS, Microsoft OneDrive, Google Drive, Rackspace and private clouds. AES-256 encryption is built-in, and archived files can also be signed with Gnu Privacy Guard. Operating System: Windows, Linux

27. Ceph

Ceph offers both object and block storage, as well as a POSIX-compliant file system for distributed storage. The project is now managed by Red Hat, which sells Ceph-based products. Operating System: Linux

28. CloudStore

CloudStore offers synchronization capabilities similar to Dropbox. It allows users to set up a personal cloud storage service on their own servers, and it is highly secure. (Note that this project is not related to the UK government initiative with the same name.) Operating System: Linux

29. Gluster

Managed by Red Hat, Gluster is an open source, distributed filesystem designed to handle petabytes (or even brontobytes) of data. It boasts high scalability, performance and availability. Paid support and consulting are available through third-party partners. Operating System: Linux

30. Riak CS

Riak is a distributed database with low latency, high availability, fault tolerance and high scalability. Riak CS is a cloud storage solution built on top of this database. It comes in both community and enterprise versions. Operating System: Linux, OS X

31. Seafile

Seafile provides cloud storage with file syncing and team collaboration capabilities. There’s a cloud-based version at chúng tôi or you can host the open source or professional edition on your own Linux server. Operating System: OS Independent

32. Sheepdog

Designed for simplicity, Sheepdog is another option for distributed object storage. It can scale to several hundred nodes. Operating System: OS Independent

33. Syncany

This open source cloud storage and synchronization tool allows users to make backups and share files with others. All files are encrypted before uploading for privacy protection. Operating System: Windows, Linux, OS X

34. Docker

Although it’s a fairly young technology, Docker’s containerization is already getting a lot of attention from industry analysts and enterprises. It describes itself as “an open platform for developers and sysadmins to build, ship, and run distributed applications.” Operating System: Windows, Linux, OS X

35. Linux Containers

This group oversees three separate containerization-related projects: LXC, a set of tools for containerization; LXD, a descendant of LXC which provides a more intuitive user experience; CG Manager container group manager daemon and the LXCFS filesystem. Its stated goal is “to offer a distro- and vendor-neutral environment for the development of Linux container technologies. Operating System: Linux

36. OpenVZ

While it’s not nearly as well-known as Docker, OpenVZ also offers open source containerization technology. It provides the basis for a commercial product called Odin Virtuozzo. Operating System: Linux

37. KVM

Short for Kernel-based Virtual Machine, KVM is a complete Linux virtualization solution for x86 hardware. It is part of the mainline Linux kernel. Operating System: Linux

38. Xen

The Xen Project website describes it as an “open source hypervisor designed for clouds.” It provides the foundation for some of the biggest clouds in the world, including Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2). Operating System: OS Independent

39. Hadoop

Hadoop is so widely used that it has become more or less synonymous with big data. It’s a collection of data processing tools that can be used in distributed computing environments, including cloud computing environments. Operating System: Windows, Linux, OS X

40. Jaspersoft

Jaspersoft offers award-winning open source business intelligence and analytics capabilities. In addition to the free community download, it comes in a variety of paid editions, and it is also available as a cloud computing service that runs on AWS with prices starting at less than $1 per hour. Operating System: OS Independent

41. Jedox

With more than 100,000 users, Jedox (formerly known as Palo BI) is a very popular business intelligence platform. The base version is free and open source, and the organization also offers a premium on-premise version and a cloud version. Operating System: OS Independent

42. ProcessMaker

Used by companies like Toyota, GTBank and Lenovo, ProcessMaker aims to simplify BPM and workflow automation. In addition to the free community edition and a paid on-premise enterprise edition, it also comes in a cloud version. Operating System: Windows, Linux, Android, iOS

43. Alfresco

Alfresco offers enterprise-class content management, and the paid versions of the software also include business process management capabilities. It comes in an online version and a hybrid cloud version, as well as the free community version. Operating System: Windows, Linux, OS X

44. SugarCRM

Boasting millions of users, SugarCRM is a high-quality enterprise-ready CRM solution that rivals or exceeds the capabilities of proprietary solutions. The community version is available as a free download, or you can subscribe to the professional, enterprise or ultimate cloud-based versions, with prices starting at $40 per user per month. Operating System: Windows, Linux, OS X

45. vTiger

Used by more than 100,000 businesses, vTiger promises to help companies “get organized, grow sales, improve marketing ROI and deliver delightful customer experiences.” In addition to the free community version, it comes in three cloud versions—sales, support and ultimate—and other services are available as well. Prices start at $10 per user per month. Operating System: Windows, Linux, iOS, Android

46. Orange Leap

Aimed at non-profits, Orange Leap offers constituent relationship management capabilities with an emphasis on fundraising. The link above will connect you with the paid, cloud-based version; the open source code can be found at GitHub. Operating System: Windows

47. SplendidCRM

This CRM solution comes in three different versions—community, professional and enterprise—all of which can be deployed on-premise or used in the cloud. The latest versions add new features like a chat system, native mobile apps, data de-duplication, a report designer and integrations with third partner email marketing and automation solutions like HubSpot, ConstantContact and iContact. Operating System: Windows

48. OpenKM

The KM in OpenKM stands for “knowledge management.” It’s a Web-based document management system with integrated collaboration capabilities and features like version control, file history, metadata, workflow and search. community, professional and cloud versions are available, and the organization also offers paid training. Operating System: OS Independent

49. LogicalDOC

LogicalDOC aims to make deploying a DMS easy and affordable. It’s available as a free download or as a cloud-based service with mobile clients available. Operating System: OS Independent

50. OpenDocMan

This web-based document management solution complies with ISO 17025 and OIE standards. It comes in free and paid versions, and while the company no longer offers a hosted cloud version itself, there is an easy link for setting it up on RackSpace’s cloud. Operating System: OS Independent

51. Collabtive

Very similar to Basecamp, Collabtive is a Web-based project management solution that tracks projects, milestones and tasks. Users can download the open source software and deploy it on their own Web server or use the paid SaaS version. Operating System: OS Independent

52. Group-Office

Group-Office combines enterprise-class groupware with some CRM functionality, and it can be deployed on-premise or used in the cloud. All basic groupware functions are included in the open source community version; the paid professional version adds helpdesk, time track, mobile sync, project management and document editing with billing and document search available for a separate fee. Operating System: OS Independent

53. Zimbra

With more than 500 million users, Zimbra is a very popular alternative to Microsoft Exchange and Outlook. In addition to the free open source version, it comes in a variety of paid versions that can be deployed in a private cloud or hosted with one of Zimbra’s third-party partners. Operating System: Linux, Unix, OS X


Designed for organizations of all sizes, chúng tôi aims to “helps teams to communicate faster and build collaborative knowledge by sharing and discussing various forms of digital content within a secure, unified application.” It’s available in a free community edition, in an on-demand SaaS version or an on-premise appliance version. Operating System: Windows, Linux, OS X

55. EGroupware

EGroupware combines file server, document management, email, CRM, data exchange, service management, project management and event management capabilities. The community version is free, while the cloud and on-premise installation packages require a fee. Operating System: OS Independent

56. Feng Office

Feng Office boasts more than 2 million users in 150 countries and prides itself on being very easy to use. You can deploy the community or professional version on your own servers or use Feng Sky, the cloud-based version. Operating System: Windows, Linux, OS X

57. OnlyOffice

Formerly known as TeamLab, OnlyOffice combines email with Microsoft-compatible document editing, CRM and project management. It comes in a free self-hosted version or a cloud-based subscription version, and non-profits can get the cloud version for free if they are willing to put a banner on their websites. Operating System: OS Independent

58. OpenEMM

Downloaded more than a half million times, OpenEMM offers email marketing and marketing automation capabilities and counts IBM, Daimler, Siemens and Deutsche Telekom among its users. Commercial services and a hosted version are available through Agnitas. Operating System: Windows, Linux

59. phpList

This open source email marketing solution aims to be very affordable, offering a cloud-based plan that starts at just $1. It’s a very mature project that has been under development since 2000. Operating System: OS Independent

60. Dolibarr ERP/CRM

This ERP and CRM solution was designed for small companies, foundations and freelancers. In addition to the free download, it also comes in a cloud-ready version with several third-party partners offering paid hosting. Operating System: OS Independent

61. Odoo

Odoo is a collection of more than 4,500 integrated apps for managing websites, increasing sales, improving marketing, boosting productivity, running a business and delighting employees. You can download the apps for free or purchase on a SaaS basis. Operating System: Windows, Linux

62. Openbravo

This award-winning project includes a commerce suite and a business suite. In addition to the free community version it comes in paid enterprise or professional versions which can be deployed on-premise or in the cloud. Operating System: OS Independent

63. xTuple PostBooks

XTuple claims to be the “world’s #1 open source ERP.” It comes in a free PostBooks Edition or paid Distribution, Manufacturing and Enterprise editions, all of which can be deployed on premise or used in the cloud. Operating System: Windows, Linux, OS X

64. Compiere

Owned by a company called Aptean, Compiere is a full-featured ERP solution that comes in a free community edition or a paid enterprise edition. Aptean also offers a cloud version that runs on Amazon Web Services. Operating System: Windows, Linux, OS X

65. opentaps

66. OrangeHRM

With customers like Lufthansa, Sandals, Red Hat and Stanley Black & Decker, OrangeHRM boasts that it is “the world’s most popular HR software.” It is available in open source, professional and enterprise versions, as well as a cloud-based Live version. Operating System: Windows, Linux, OS X

67. WaypointHR

68. SimpleInvoices

A good option for individuals, small businesses, clubs and other small groups, SimpleInvoices does nothing but send invoices. You can host it on your own server for free or subscribe to a hosted service available from one of the third-party service providers. Operating System: OS Independent

69. Onepoint Project

This tool unites project management and project portfolio management in a single package. It comes in two free and four paid editions, including group and enterprise versions that are available on an SaaS basis. Operating System: Windows, Linux, OS X

70. TimeTrex

This time tracking solution includes modules for scheduling, attendance, payroll, and HR, with the paid versions adding job costing, document management, invoice, expense tracking and recruitment. It’s available in community (free), professional, corporate, or enterprise editions, and all the versions, including the free open source version, are available both in the cloud or on-premise. Operating System: Windows, Linux, OS X

71. allows users to gather data from the environment, automate tasks and store data in the cloud. The APIs are free and open source; the service comes in both free and paid versions. Operating System: Linux

72. OpenHAB

OpenHAB describes itself as “a vendor- and technology-agnostic open source automation software for your home.” It aims to allow users to control a variety of different IoT devices from a single solution. Operating System: Windows, Linux, OS X

73. OpenIoT

OpenIoT is middleware for interacting with a cloud of sensors. It has won awards and is sponsored by several European universities. Operating System: Linux

74. OpenPicus

OpenPicus offers both hardware and software for IoT development. Its free libraries allow users to connect to any cloud computing service. Operating System: Windows

75. Particle

Formerly known as Spark, Particle is “a suite of hardware and software tools to help you prototype, scale and manage your Internet of Things products.” A variety of hardware and software tools are available for purchase from the site, including the company’s cloud platform for managing your data. Open source code is available through GitHubOperating System: OS Independent

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The Best Of 10 Penetration Testing Tools For 2023

Security of any website, application, or computer system can be ensured by using penetration testing tools. Companies can use penetration testing to simulate cyber attacks on their systems in order to find vulnerabilities that criminals might be the ability to exploit. Penetration testing is also useful in the context of web app security.

With penetration testing becoming more popular, there are many tools that can help companies assess the security of their technology. We’re going today to discuss the best penetration testing tools available for 2023.


SQLMap is a state-of-the-art SQL injection tool that automates the process of accessing databases servers and detecting and exploiting SQL injection flaws. SQLMap technology supports all the common targets for penetration testing, including Microsoft Access and Oracle as well as MSSQL and many others. It’s also very simple for beginners.

SQLMap’s powerful detection engine and the large community of experts that are available to answer your questions make it appealing to many companies. It is still a top tool for penetration testing.

Kali Linux

Kali Linux, formerly known as BlackTrack Linux penetration test technology, is now maintained by offset. It is optimized in every way for excellent penetration testing. Although the solution can be run on its own hardware you will find most penetration testers using Kali virtual machines for Windows and OS X.

Kali comes with all the tools that you would expect from a top pen-testing company. There are also customization options to allow companies to build more sophisticated penetration testing strategies. You will also find extensive documentation with tips and recipes to make sure you get the most out of your investment. combines the simplicity of a SaaS platform and a community full of penetration testers to provide real-time insight that companies can use to improve their security status. Cobalt makes it easy for business users to launch penetration tests quickly and efficiently, rather than spending weeks planning.

Burp Suite

Burp Suite is the best tool to test web applications for penetration testing. Burp Suite includes full Proxy capturing, command injection options, and everything businesses need in order to gain deeper insight into their systems. Burp Suite UI can also be fully optimized to simplify your workflows.


Acutenix is a fully automated and simple-to-use tool for testing website and application vulnerabilities. It can detect and report more than 4500 vulnerabilities including XSS, SQL injection, and other XSS. Acunetix technology can automate some of the testings that a professional would need to do to track all issues in a network.

Acunetix also supports HTML5, JavaScript and CMS systems. It can also support single-page applications. Acunetix also offers a variety of manual tools and integrations that can be used with issue trackers to help penetration testers.

Also read:

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Metasploit is the most widely-used penetration testing tool in the world. It started as an open-source project. The solution today helps security teams to verify vulnerabilities, increase security awareness, and manage complete assessments.


Tenable’s Nessus is a commercial penetration test tool that’s available under a variety of licensing models. Nessus is a great tool for companies that don’t feel comfortable using open-source software. It allows companies to scan the target machine and identify running services. Then, it provides a complete list of vulnerabilities.

Because it is so easy to use and leverage, the Nessus technology is especially compelling. Each scan gives penetration testers guidance on how to fix potential vulnerabilities so they can quickly take action.

Also read:

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Network mapper (or “NMAP”) is a popular tool to explore target networks or systems. There are many scan types available to help you leverage the solution’s knowledge. These scans help companies find vulnerabilities in their networks and implement stronger security strategies.

Nmap is a configurable and user-friendly open-source program that has been a favorite choice for many years. For beginners, Zenmap is a simpler version.

John the Ripper

John the Ripper is perhaps the most well-known password cracking tool on the market. It focuses on finding weak passwords in a system and exposes them. This technology is for business leaders and aims to identify weak credentials that could be causing vulnerabilities in their environment. The pen-testing tool can be used for security and compliance purposes.


Wireshark, one of the most effective and popular network protocol analyzers in the world is able to show which protocols and systems are active in a network, which accounts have the highest activity, and when attackers attempt to intercept sensitive data.

Wireshark gives business leaders a complete view of their network at the microscopic level. This allows them to inspect all types of protocols. The live capture, offline analysis, and rich VoIP analytics can all be accessed from one place.

Is Open Source The Answer To Software Piracy?

Ever since the dawn of commercial software, piracy has been a problem without a realistic solution that meets the needs of both the software vendor and the end user. From serial keys to outright DRM (digital rights management) schemes, the software industry has left no preventive measure untried.

Some software companies by contrast, have opted to step out of the DRM minefield altogether as it was a perceived irritation to their customers.

Open source is easiest when it starts out that way.

It would be naive to believe that moving from a closed source business model to that of the open source variety is a good fit for all software companies. This is simply wishful thinking. It is generally more effective when a software project starts off with open source code from day one.

Two of the biggest reasons include:

• Development teams are already used to sharing ideas and working with open source code.

• Switching licensing gears midstream can be a little bumpy on the revenue front without one fantastic open source model in your business plan.

At the same time, a closed source company can indeed make the change with a strong model in place as to how they will keep from losing their customers and, in the process, the bottom line. Unfortunately, this presents a risk that can be difficult to calculate with any expected accuracy.

This brings us back to square one – the closed source software will still be pirated and the companies creating this software are not finding a lot of success battling this.

Before going on, however, I think it might be helpful to fully understand why this software is being pirated in the first place. After all, in many cases there are otherwise viable open source alternatives that meet the needs of thousands of users everyday. So what is the hang-up with its adoption in place of proprietary software piracy?

Fundamental software differences.

Products like Open Office, Scribus and GIMP have long since been trumpeted as a piracy alternative to those who prefer to steal a copy of MS Office, MS Publisher and Adobe Photoshop over Peer-2-Peer networks.

While these notable open source applications have certainly provided value to those honest enough to use legal alternatives to piracy, there is a bias against these applications as being “true replacements” over their closed source counterparts. Here are some examples.

Open Office vs. MS Office.

Perhaps the best example of end users opting for a commercial application over the open source alternative has to be Open Office vs. MS Office. Despite there being little difference with regard to functionality, the core reasons I hear for selecting the expensive closed source alternative are as follows:

• Familiarity. I use Open Office everyday. Then again, I am used to its layout. For someone migrating, there is a small, but real, learning curve; the user interface is different. Some people would rather avoid this altogether. What is amusing about this is how the user believes Word 2003 has less of a learning curve than Open Office. One has managed to maintain a closer resemblance to older versions of the Microsoft word processor than the other. And best part is, it is not Word 2003.

• Java is used with Open Office. Many Windows users feel that Java is simply too bloated and slow to be used for daily use.

• Charts do not always convert well with Open Office’s Calc application.

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