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Wes Anderson is a renowned film director known for his distinctive visual style and quirky storytelling. Anderson’s films are often praised for their meticulous attention to detail and unique use of color, set design, and architecture. In his movies, Anderson frequently uses architecture as a key element in setting the tone and mood of the film. His use of symmetrical compositions, pastel colors, and vintage details creates a distinctive retro aesthetic that is instantly recognizable.

Anderson’s films often feature unique and imaginative architectural spaces. These spaces often become central characters in the film, conveying a sense of nostalgia, whimsy, and wonder. Wes Anderson is also recognized as a director-architect for his use of architectural representations. This article aims to take you to some of his designed spaces in the movies The Royal Tenenbaums, The Darjeeling Limited, The Grand Budapest Hotel, and The French Dispatch.

The Royal Tenenbaums (2001)

Wes Anderson is known for his meticulous detail works for both exterior and interior designs of the places for his movies. It is said that he is primarily a decorator and then a director. The Royal Tenenbaums movie is about a story of an eccentric family. According to Anderson, “The house says it all about the family history. Because we did not have much time for rehearsals with actors, I wanted the house to provide them with the information they needed to bring to life the characters made of flesh and blood.”

Before the exact plot was determined, the director searched throughout New York City for the perfect house, unlike most directors. Eventually, he chose a time-worn residence located in the historic part of Harlem. With the help of his brother, who is a cartoonist, he created sketches of each room with interior design ideas. Then, he spent six months working with decorators David and Sandy Wasco to arrange the Tenenbaum family’s living space.

The colonial style with exoticism can be seen in Tenenbaum’s elegant mansion. Almost every floor has antique Turkish rugs, with Anderson’s interest in eclecticism, they sometimes overlap and the house is designed with exotic element combinations. Wes Anderson’s signature move in every movie is the use of vintage elements from the ’50s and ’60s. So, viewers can notice things like an old-school radio, a vintage book cover, or a pastel-colored vinyl player in almost every scene of The Royal Tenenbaums.

The Darjeeling Limited (2007)

The Darjeeling Limited movie is about three brothers taking a train journey across India after their father’s death. The luxury train guides three brothers on a spiritual journey where they hope that it will provide healing, self-discovery, and enlightenment.

As in The Royal Tenenbaums, Wes Anderson insisted on shooting in a real location, India, rather than a set-up. He insisted on filming the interior shots of The Darjeeling Limited inside an authentic Indian train that he had renovated to meet his specifications, instead of using a studio set. This decision presented difficulties as Indian Railways were initially resistant to cooperating with the determined American director.

The borrowed train design by Mark Friedberg in collaboration with Anderson. The Interior of the train was fully refitted with a sense of Indian culture. The eclectic design characteristics of Anderson’s can be seen in this movie too, with clashing patterns and colors. The color palette is one of the most significant decisions of this movie, the primary use of orange and blue in a yellow summer day was distinctive.

The Grand Budapest Hotel (2014)

The Grand Budapest Hotel is probably the most known work of Wes Anderson. The movie is remarkable with place, memory, and how the values of a lost era can live on through architecture. The movie is influenced by the works of Stefan Zweig, particularly his nostalgic portrayal of Vienna in the early 1900s. It progresses through a series of interwoven stories, with the primary plot taking place in the 1930s in a made-up Central European nation called Zubrowka that is on the brink of war. Anderson deliberately avoids explicitly mentioning the conflict as World War II and instead chooses to allude to it indirectly, similar to his approach with New York City in The Royal Tenenbaums.

This grand hotel with pink and cream colors, reached by funicular on the top of the mountain, has been in the memory of many of us. The hotel’s exterior scenes were shot using a small-scale model, and the filmmakers didn’t attempt to hide this fact. Additionally, several interior shots of the hotel, including the impressive lobby, were filmed inside the Görlitz Department Store, an opulent Art Nouveau building constructed in 1929 that was empty at the time of filming.

Although the majority of the film portrays Grand Budapest during its heyday before the war, a few scenes are set in the 1960s, where the decor has become lackluster and the exterior is now coated in raw concrete. The charm and fancifulness of the hotel have vanished, as modern preferences have shifted towards the functional and implicit collectivist values of the new government.

The French Dispatch (2023)

The French Dispatch’s set is in the fictional French city of Ennui-sur-Blasé in the 20th century. The film tells the story of a group of journalists working for a weekly newspaper called “The French Dispatch”. As with Anderson’s other films, architecture and interior design play a significant role in creating the film’s unique aesthetic.

Anderson always paid enormous attention to the spatial details of the movie. His designs of sets have a signature look that can be recognized from the very beginning. From a family house to a boat, a train to a grand mansion he has designed various sets for his movies. The French Dispatch set was the largest of them all, this time he set up a city. In The French Dispatch, Anderson collaborated with production designer Adam Stockhausen to create a distinct visual style that reflects the film’s themes and setting. The film’s architecture and interior design feature a blend of French-style elements.

One of the key locations in the film is the headquarters building. The building features a grand entrance, a sweeping staircase, and an expansive newsroom filled with typewriters, papers, and bustling journalists. Throughout the film, Anderson also showcases a range of quirky and idiosyncratic interiors with a mix of vintage and contemporary furniture, bold patterns, and unexpected color combinations. The team has shopped from actual flea markets and antique stores in French to create the vintage vibe of Anderson’s signature.

The Grand Budapest Hotel

“I have a way of filming things and staging them and designing sets. There were times when I thought I should change my approach, but in fact, this is what I like to do. It’s sort of like my handwriting as a movie director. And somewhere along the way, I think I’ve made the decision: I’m going to write in my own handwriting. That’s just sort of my way.”

Wes Anderson

Bonus Info

Symmetry in designs is a very common approach. Wes Anderson as a designer and a director also uses symmetry in his shoots. In Kogonada’s video, Wes Anderson

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Top 10 Pros And Cons Of Canva Design Tool

When it comes to graphic design tools, there are many options available for creating visuals. But one of the most popular tools among businesses and entrepreneurs is Canva. 

Canva is a user-friendly graphic design tool that has gained immense popularity among professionals and amateurs in recent years. 

Its simple interface and wide range of features make it an ideal platform for creating visuals for online and offline use. 

However, like any other software tool, Canva has its pros and cons, which should be weighed before deciding whether or not to use it. This blog post will explore the pros and cons of Canva, which you want to know definitely! 

Stay tuned!

Top 10 Pros and Cons of Canva Design Tool

Platforms like Canva are becoming increasingly popular for creating standout content. From leaflets to social media and website designs, Canva lets you create engaging and unique content for your business. 

In this blog, we’ll discuss some of the pros and cons of the Canva design tool. Let’s get started!!

ProsConsEven a Non-Designer Can Become a Designer Using CanvaCanva StyleCanva is Very Simple to Use and User-FriendlyLimitation on the Number of TemplatesCanva Provides Social Media TemplatesAlignment ConcernsCanva is Budget-FriendlyExport Settings are Limited Canva Offers a Variety of Templates and ElementsCannot Download the “Raw” File to Your ComputerTemplates Can be Altered to be More CustomThe Free Version is LimitedCanva offers a Professional Look You are Unable to Move One Design to Another DesignCanva offers a Stock Photography UsageIntellectual Property Belongs to CanvaTeam AccessCanva can Delete Your Account at AnytimeShare on social media or scheduleUnique elements cannot be created

Top 10 Pros of Canva Design Tool 1. Even a Non-Designer Can Become a Designer Using Canva

Some people might think you need to be skilled in creating beautiful designs using software like Canva. 

However, this is not the case – anyone can create stunning designs using this platform, regardless of their design experience. This is one of the best pros of Canva.

Canva is so easy to use that even novice users can create high-quality designs in no time. 

By harnessing the power of this easy-to-use design tool, you’ll be able to create beautiful and professional designs in no time. So what are you waiting for? Start using Canva today!

2. Canva is Very Simple to Use and User-Friendly

Also, With a simple drag-and-drop interface, you can create stunning visuals for your website, social media accounts, or even print materials.

And because there are no limits to what you can create with Canva, you can unleash your creativity to design anything you want. 

So why not give it a try? 

You may be surprised at what you can create using this user-friendly design tool.

3. Canva Provides Social Media Templates

If you have ever wanted to be a designer but didn’t think you had the talent, then Canva is the website for you. 

Canva offers templates that are the right size and include all the design elements you’ll need. You can easily alter them to fit your taste.

Plus, there are a ton of different templates available, so no matter what type of design you want to create, you can find a template that will work for you. 

If you are using Canva, you don’t be afraid to experiment with different layouts and graphics–Canva makes it easy to create a design you’ll be proud of.

4. Canva is Budget-Friendly

Canva is a great way to create professional-looking graphics without spending much money. 

The next pros of Canva are that you can use the free version of Canva to create basic designs or upgrade to a paid plan for more features. 

Whether creating a poster, social media graphic, or presentation, Canva is a great option for budget-conscious professionals.

5. Canva Offers a Variety of Templates and Elements

Canva is a free online design platform that offers users a variety of templates and elements to create professional-grade graphics. 

Whether you need to create a presentation, or a poster, or just want to improve your social media presence, Canva has the tools you need. 

Plus, you can access your designs from anywhere because it’s online. 

Also, You may be surprised at how easy it is to create beautiful visuals with this versatile tool.

Whether you need to create a flyer for an event or want to make a presentation for your next meeting, Canva can help. 

Plus, easy drag-and-drop tools can customize your designs however you like if you’re looking for an easy way to create beautiful visuals.

6. Templates Can be Altered to be More Custom

Canva is a user-friendly graphic design tool that offers a wide range of templates for creating custom designs. 

With its easy drag-and-drop interface, you can quickly create professional graphics without learning complex design software. 

Plus, with Canva’s huge library of stock photos and fonts, you can find the perfect visuals to match your project.

Canva is also completely free to use!

So if you need quick and easy graphic design help, check out Canva today.

7. Canva Offers a Professional Look

Canva is a free online design platform that offers a wide range of professionally designed templates and tools to help you create stunning visuals. 

Whether you need a simple flyer for an event or a polished presentation, Canva has everything you need to give your designs a professional look and feel. 

Plus, with no designer or graphic design experience required, anyone can use Canva to create beautiful visuals. 

So what are you waiting for? Start creating your stunning designs with Canva today!

8.  Canva Offers a Stock Photography Usage

Canva offers a wide variety of options for creating professional quality designs. 

One such option is the use of stock photography. Canva’s library of stock photos is vast and covers many topics, making it easy to find the perfect photo for your project.

Best of all, using stock photos through Canva is free for anyone with an account. 

So, whether creating a business card or a presentation, don’t forget to look through Canva’s stock photo library. You’ll undoubtedly find anything that meets your requirements.

9. Team Access

Canva is a great online design tool that allows individuals and businesses to create high-quality graphics for free or at a very low cost. Recently, 

Canva added the ability for teams to collaborate on designs. This new feature is perfect for businesses and organizations who need to create joint marketing materials or want to work together on a project. 

Having team access to Canva makes creating beautiful graphics easier than ever before. With this new feature, you can invite others to join your team and start collaborating on projects immediately. 

Plus, you can track who is working on which design and how far along they are in the process. So, if you are looking for an easy way to work with others on graphic design projects, you must try Canva.

10. Share on Social Media or Schedule

Canva lets you share your images directly to some top social networks, as do most online photo editors. The company recently added scheduling posts to social media, including Twitter, LinkedIn profiles, Facebook pages, Facebook groups, LinkedIn pages, Pinterest, Tumblr, and Slack.

Also Read: How to Use Canva [Step by Step Guide]

Top 10 Cons of Canva Design Tool

As above mentioned, Canva offers some pros. But there are cons of Canva too. Here they are.

1. Canva Style

Canva is a great tool for creating your designs, but it’s important to be mindful of its limitations. 

For example: how many pictures do you see on stock photography sites that look “stock-ish” and similar in style? 

The same could happen with Canva if businesses were using content without magic input from them or their brand guidelines – which would make everything appear generic!

2. Limitation on the Number of Templates

The main cons of Canva are the “limitations”. While Canva continues to grow, the limitations of templates and stock photography make it difficult for free users.

3. Alignment Concerns

Canva is great for graphic designers looking to create professional-quality assets without the high price tag of Adobe products. The alignments can be tricky, and sometimes you have no control over how your design will turn out, but with a little trial-and-error, all skill levels should find something they like best in this versatile program!

4. Export Settings are Limited

What you see when printing or saving it to your computer is not always the same as what Canva outputs. 

For example, if I export a file in RGB and then try to open it with PowerPoint, which only supports CMYK file formats – all of my designs will look drastically different than how they did originally because there’s no way for them. Both use their own distinct color spaces!

5. Cannot Download the “Raw” File to Your Computer

If you no longer have access to the raw file on your computer and download it for later use, then be aware that Canva will delete this from their system.

The same goes for Canva. You can’t download the raw file if you leave and never return, so make sure it’s worth saving!

6. The Free Version is Limited

The free version has limitations in stock photography, templates, and font; however, it’s okay because you’ll be able to use your branding kit. 

You also have limited team sharing abilities with the platform and storage space for files outside what is available on board-store – which isn’t much at all!

7. You are Unable to Move One Design to Another Design

Matching styles between different designs is difficult, and you must do it manually.

8. Intellectual Property Belongs to Canva

It is hard to tell if you own anything about intellectual property. 

However, logos on Canva are unclear because they don’t have a unique design and also belong in the public domain, so anyone can use them for free without permission from their creator, including me!

9. Canva can Delete Your Account at Anytime

Canva is a great platform for designing your own personal or professional projects. 

One of the cons of Canva is, You aren’t licensing their software to make an independent product; you are simply using it as part of the content creation process—and they can delete either one at any time if something isn’t up to standards!

10. Unique Elements Cannot Be Created

You cannot conjure elements in Canva. Designs can be added to your creations using these prebuilt designs and design-enhancing elements. Only those you are given can be used. It allows you to change the colors and sizes, rotate them, and move them around, but that’s all you can do.

Frequently Asked Questions

A. Canva offers a user-friendly interface, a wide variety of design templates, and the ability to create professional-looking graphics quickly and easily. It also provides access to a vast library of stock images and fonts.

3. Is Canva suitable for beginners?

A. Yes, Canva is an excellent choice for beginners as it provides a user-friendly interface and pre-designed templates that can be customized easily. It does not require prior design experience, making it accessible to users with varying skill levels.

4. Can Canva be used for professional purposes?

A. Absolutely! Canva offers numerous features and tools, allowing users to create high-quality designs for professional use. Many businesses and individuals use Canva for social media graphics, presentations, posters, and more.

5. Does Canva require an internet connection?

A. Yes, Canva is an online design tool, so a stable internet connection is necessary to access and use its features. However, Canva also provides a mobile app that allows users to work offline to some extent, but an internet connection is required for syncing and saving designs.


Canva is a powerful and user-friendly design tool that can help you create high-quality visuals for your content. 

However, there are some limitations to the program and its capabilities mentioned in this article; Canva is the best on-the-go working platform. I hope you got a clear idea of the pros and cons of the Canva design tool.

If you’re looking to learn more about using the Canva design tool or want to become a pro at using the platform, we have a course that can help you become a Canva expert by designing quicker than you imagine. 

Check out our Canva mastery course here!

Web Design And Parallax Scroll

Web Design and Parallax Scroll

Web Design Background

Since the beginning of 20th century, paper media has got into a cut-throat competition due to digital media. The digital media includes what we see on internet and hence the allied magazines that come along.

The newsletters that you get as a part of weekly/monthly subscriptions are also included in the digital media. Primarily, digital media heavily depends on mobile and desktop devices. It makes a difference when you can see content on your mobile (handheld) as well as desktop devices. The way content is displayed on either of devices, a specific style of designing the content is at play.

This style of designing is referred as Web Designing. From a designing or coding standpoint, when a web page designer sets out to build a webpage, he/she takes the mobile devices in consideration as well.

According to Wikipedia, Web design encompasses many different skills and disciplines in the production and maintenance of websites. One of such skills is designing an impactful experience for users. Web design caters for this experience and provides an organized way for arranging the page contents and provides different styling to them.

Web design includes − interface design, graphic design and using certain standards to write the code. This work can be performed by a single person or by a team of people.

There are many tools available in market to make this work easy, however, it is up to one’s creative skills to create the appearance of web page.

Modern Day Web Design

With the technology evolution, there is an explosion of knowledge. Internet has become a thing and it has skyrocketed the quality of our lives. At any given point, more and more information is being processed by an average internet user. This information can be in the form of a website on a desktop computer or from a handheld device; tablet or a mobile phone.

Though so much information tries to attract the user’s attention, it is obvious that as a person designing a web experience, there are only 3 seconds allocated to pass the message across.

How does one deal with this? It is more than important to pass the message, because it is at the source for any web design. You want to build a website that communicates, at the same time it has to attract and make the user stick to the content. It is a difficult task indeed.

Aesthetic appeal is the key for a given content on web. This means a web designer must be aware of the principles and foundation of design, color, spacing, etc. More and more users get to see great quality web content every day. It is obvious that one will compare the current webpage or website with the one that was visited few hours or few minutes back. The ordering of the content, coupled with good graphics and colors has made many standalone banners/pages a popular thing on the internet.


Let us take the case of a simple graphic. There are many graphics on the internet, called memes. They are simple Graphics Interchange Format (GIF) images with some text embedded inside the graphics. These memes are making rounds of internet based on a recent event in some part of the world. If we look at this example, the only appeal they have is graphic and some relevant or irrelevant text.

Still, it has gained so much of popularity which makes one think about amazing possibilities on the Internet.

Thus, for a web design to be effective, both the creativity and method to communicate the message play important roles.

It is important point to note that a successful web page is combination of Web Design and Web Development. As per current market trend, along with web designer, a web developer is a must have in the team. A web designer will always look for inspiration and use his/her creativity to create graphics and relevant color schemes. Whereas a web developer will use his/her coding skills to bring the graphics and color schemes live on the website.

A web designer should have a knowledge of writing the code as well, to make the intended graphic or color scheme usable for a web developer. A simple code in a simple application like Notepad can help a web designer to take the driving seat in the web development.

Using Parallax Scrolling

Parallax Scrolling falls into the work boundary of both web designer and web developer. A web designer might create the effect of Parallax Scrolling using the tools such as InVision, UXPin to convey the web developer the intended behavior on scroll. Further, a web developer will take it on his/her skills to create the parallax scrolling effect. This can be done by different JavaScript, CSS and jQuery techniques. A detailed description of each of these methods is provided in next chapters.

As per the definition specified in the previous section, parallax scrolling is a technique when the background content is moved at a different speed than the foreground content when scrolling.

A simple CSS technique to create parallax scrolling effect is shown on this website – The Urban Walks.

As you can see in the screenshot above, the mobile phone at the center of the screen will change the content after you scroll twice. Also, observe on the first scroll, the background with the mobile phone will change.

This transition is giving you a feeling that the phone is constant in its place and the background is getting changed as you scroll down. This effect is called parallax scrolling effect. You know that you are scrolling it down as there is an indicator of the screens towards the very right of the screen in the form of some dots.

The first use of parallax scrolling was in the old computer games. Where a fixed background image would move at a slower speed as the character moved faster than the background. Some examples of these games – Disney’s Aladdin and Disney’s Lion King. These games were launched back in 1993 and 1994 respectively.

These websites, once designed with parallax scrolling for the desktop versions, are added with code that supports mobile screens as well.

Advantages of Parallax Scrolling in Web and Mobile From Audience Perspective

There is a fun element associated with the parallax scrolling. As you have seen in the above example, conveying the information of thousand words has become easier as the user scrolls from different screens.

If we consider a first time user, there is a curiosity associated with each scroll. Hence, it not only enriches the experience of the website but also increases the probability of the user spending more time in the first visit to the website itself.

The proportion of user engagement dramatically increases as the user is intrigued in the scrolling.

The user does not have to get into the thought of process of figuring out the information, as it is available in a more obvious manner.

In some cases, you can put a story about the product/service you are offering by animating other items on the screen, such as the logo or the menu icon.

From Technical Perspective

Once you implement parallax scrolling for a desktop version, very easily the same framework can be used for the mobile website or screens.

As the code snippet is simple and reusable, if you are a marketing agency or website service provider company, this becomes effortless when gathering new clients.

Knowledge of parallax scrolling comes with more expertise in frontend frameworks such as CSS, JavaScript, etc.


Design Changes And New Features

Our Verdict

With the same Material Design at the heart of Android M, it’s not a big OS update but the tweaks and new features are all welcome. Stay tuned for more on Android M as we approach the full launch.

At Google I/O 2023, the internet giant predictably gave us our first look at the next version of Android, its mobile operating system for smartphones and tablets.  Android 5.0 Lollipop updates are still rolling out but here’s a look at what Android M will bring in terms of new features. Here’s our  Android L vs Android M preview.

Note: Before we launch into the comparison, it’s worth noting that this is the Android M Developer Preview (which we’re runing on the  Nexus 6) so the new operating system is still very much a work in progress and will change by the time it launches properly. Therefore this article is something of a preview and we’ll update it when Android M is fully launched. See also: Android M vs iOS 9 comparison.

Android L vs Android M: Look and feel

We’re not going to go crazy with side-by-side screenshots of Android L and Android M here since Google has pretty much kept things the same. Lollipop was the version with something of an overhaul of the interface and Android M keeps the Material Design.

There are a few tweaks though such as a microphone icon at the bottom-left of the lockscreen instead of the phone (for the dialler) so you can quickly conduct a voice search or command. The app menu (or app draw) now displays vertically (as does the widgets drawer) with apps split into alphabetical groups – you can use the scroll bar at the side to quickly navigate to a particular letter. Plus there’s a new bar at the top which shows your four most recently used apps.

Smaller changes include two fields for memory management so you can see average and maximum amount of RAM an app has used. SD cards can also be formatted to appear as internal storage which will keep things nice and neat.

Unfortunately the Quick Settings can’t be rearranged as standard but there is a new addition in the form of do not disturb (DND). You can edit them with the device in Developer Mode switched on and the SystemUI Tuner also switched on.

Android L vs Android M: Android Pay

To compete with Apple Pay and Samsung Pay, Google has announced Android Pay for Android M. It will let you pay for things (at participating stores) with your phone without needing to open an app. It uses NFC and Google said it will be accepted at over 700,000 stores in the US soon – there’s no word on other markets.

You can choose which card to pay with across multiple devices and your card information won’t even be part of the transaction. Google said: “Instead we’ll use a virtual account number to represent your account information – providing you with an extra layer of security.”

Android L vs Android M: Fingerprint scanners

Fingerprint scanners are already around on various devices but Android M has native fingerprint support which enhances Android Pay by allowing users to confirm a purchase with their fingerprint. Your fingerprint can be also used to unlock devices and make purchases on Google Play.

“With new APIs in M, it’s easy for you to add fingerprint authorization to your app and have it work consistently across a range of devices and sensors,” said Google.

Android L vs Android M: App permissions

The permissions apps require in Android have always been something of a sore point, with many apps asking for way more than necessary and looking on the dodgy side. Well Android M is putting the control into the hands of the user.

Apps will request certain permissions at runtime so you can choose whether to grant it or not but you can also control the individual permissions for each app in the settings.

Android L vs Android M: Battery life

We always want better battery life and short of new battery technology software has a big part to play. In Android M, a feature called Doze will use sensors to detect when a device is not in use and put it into a deep sleep type mode. You’ll still receive important notifications and the like but it has the potential to double battery life which is what Google has seen running Android M on the Nexus 9.

Android L vs Android M: USB Type C

Although battery life should be better, you’ll need to charge your device eventually and Android M supports USB Type C which is reversible so you can’t plug it in the wrong way and could well be on the Nexus 5 2023. Even better is the fact it will charge your device quicker (three to five times) and you can use it to charge other devices if needs be.

Android L vs Android M: Now on tap

Google Now is helpful for all kinds of things within Android but it’s going to get better in Android M. Now on tap means you can press and hold the home button whenever you need help – Google Now will appear without you needing to navigate anywhere and will already know what you’re doing like trying to find the way to a restaurant.

Specs Android M: Specs

Compatible Android smartphones and Android tablets.

Components & Advantages Of Gprs Architecture

Introduction to GPRS Architecture

The architecture that works as a network to allow the passage of data is called GPRS Architecture. It has settings for packet data at a faster rate of 171 kbps. Multiple users can enter the network and use the resources judiciously. Involved from GPS, General Packet Radio Service provides packet service in 2G or 3G mobile data services. Short packets are accessed in a short duration with proper infrastructure, which provides the connection to GSM infrastructure. When 2G is provided with data, additional entities are needed for the same. They are GGSN and SGSN. Additional provisions are given to the architecture to improve itself.

What is GPRS Architecture?

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3. A protocol is used between SGSN and GGSN to look familiar and normal to the external users of the network. This helps in communication of the system via IP and does not face any issues from the system’s network backbone.

4. A Logical Link Control is used in the network so that when a mobile device moves to a new area, an old link is removed, and a new link is added under the new SGSN. This helps to make the network work under the system and manage them to carry all the data packets.

Components of GPRS Architecture

Most of the GSM elements are modified in the system to make them work as per GPRS architecture. Let us have a look at those elements.

GPRS support nodes or GSNs helps in the proper working of GGSN and SGSN in the network. GSN should be installed in the system to make them deploy whenever we need it.

Mobile Stations in GPRS help to access the services in the network so that they are used on time by the data packets. These stations help compete with the services backwards and forward and manage the GSM calls within the network. This service provides great help while doing backwards compatible services.

Base Transceiver Station or BTS receives all the messages from the network and manages them to use the system. This makes the station manage the data fruitfully to the required mobile data packets.

Also, the Base Station Controller or BSC makes the installation of PCU worthy of it by managing the data traffic and directing it to the necessary stations. A separate hardware element is needed in the system, or it installs all the elements within itself. Please upgrade to the systems is needed to make them work properly and use them to the full core.

The routing Area in GPRS works similar to the Location Area in GSM to broadcast the same messages to the entire network in the area. Also, it handles the data with utmost care so that there are no data leakages while transferring the same message.

Databases in the GPRS network help to handle the data and store it in the same network. Hence it is easy to retrieve the information whenever needed in the system and to manage them.

SGSN helps in authenticating the mobile data, managing the mobiles, and interfering with the information in the system’s air interface. Also, the registration of mobiles in the network is taken care of by SGSN.

GGSN has all the information of mobiles in the network and acts as an intermediary between router and external networks. The data packets are passed to the proper node through IP in the network, and it acts as a server backbone in the system. It acts as a filter to the traffic by controlling the data and collecting information from the external networks. Hence, it is a barrier to external attacks and protects the network.

Advantages of GPRS Architecture

Data access time is concise in the architecture so that the data under any network or under any system can be accessed and used faster. This makes the network manage the data well under the system with proper data packets and routing area, and network backbone.

All the resources are utilized to the maximum in the network, so that circuit switching, packet switching, and transmission modes are managed well. The routing area is described in the network so that wireless resources are identified and used.

Through mobile devices, data is transferred at a faster rate than ever. GPRS networks can be used in computers so that the data transmission rate will be faster and can be utilized to its full capacity.

Any applications are used in the GPRS network, be it common services like email or broadcast service in the system or web browsing in the network. It is a known fact GPRS provides services in the name as they stay always connected in the system. With the high transfer rate and shorter access times, GPRS is preferred in the system by many users.

Multimedia messaging and broadcasting is easily done in GPRS. Instant messaging service is provided in the network to make use of this service to the maximum if the data transfer rate is slow. Wireless connectivity is provided in the system when data is at a very faster rate.

Availability and accessibility of the GPRS network over all the systems make it trustworthy among the users.

Some wireless services offer their services at a lower rate than GPRS. Also, network speed is affected when many users surf the internet from the same locality under the same network.

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How To Boost Your Landscapes, Cityscapes And Architecture Photos With Luminar Ai

The Luminar AI image editor lets you edit landscapes, cityscapes, nature portraits and architecture photos with ridiculous ease—no need to deal with complex layers and palettes or adjust countless knobs. In this tutorial, we’ll demonstrate how easy and fun achieving eye-catching landscape looks can be by with Luminar’s rich assortment of AI-powered tools.

Luminar AI applies artificial intelligence and computational photography techniques to identify key elements in the frame, like the sky, sun, stars, clouds, etc. It also calculates a depth map defining objects’ relationships to one another in 3D space. This is similar to how your iPhone uses the TrueDepth camera to create a 3D depth map of your face for unlocking with Face ID.

How to edit landscapes in Luminar AI

We will show you how Luiminar’s AI-powered tools make it simple to achieve professional results when editing various landscapes or cityscapes. You’ll first choose a template as a starting point, then customize suggested edits. Lastly, you’ll optionally add some creative effects before exporting the edited image as a JPG file on your hard drive.

Choosing a template

Applying smart edits

The best framing is suggested based on the rule of thirds and other composition rules. Moreover, Luminar can automatically fix alignment for a level horizon, un-skews perspective to remove unwanted tilt/distortion and more. Feel free to edit your landscapes further with tools for adding more brightness (Accent) or enhancing the details (Structure).

Satisfied with your edits so far? Good, because now it’s time to get creative.

Getting creative with filters

Worried about clipping when shooting the sun? The Sunrays tool adds a sun even if there’s none on the photo! You can adjust the sun’s warmth/glow and position it wherever you like to relight the scene. It also lets you combine sun rays with blending modes for even finer control.

Structure AI is another amazing tool worth mentioning. It recognizes critical detail in all the right places, including people, water, skies, skyscrapers and more. As such, Structure AI is well-suited for architecture, cityscape, landscape and environmental portraiture photography.

Exporting the edited image

Other creative filters in Luminar

Aside from the aforementioned creative tools, Luminar offers many others. The Mood brings a bunch of color palettes for achieving a specific emotion. And with Load Lookup Tables (LUTs), you can further explore color as a means of establishing mood.

For the perfect finishing touch, refine your color for balance with the Color Harmony tool. And if you ever need to precisely adjust an image’s tone with six controls spanning highlights, mid-tones and shadows, you’re wholeheartedly recommended to use the Supercontrast tool.

And that’s how you edit landscapes in Luminar AI! Before signing off, this app is especially great for batch editing—you can easily apply one photo’s edits to one or more additional images to achieved the uniform look across a series of photographs

For further information about Luminar AI, read the manual and the official FAQ.

Pricing and availability

Luminar AI is available as a standalone app, a plugin for Adobe Lightroom Classic and Photoshop, as well as an extension for Apple’s preinstalled Photos app. Luminar AI is available to download from the Mac App Store or through the Skylum website.

For further information, ​visit the official Luminar AI website.

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