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If you’re running an active Discord server, you might find yourself overwhelmed with the number of messages that your users are sending. This is especially true if you’re streaming with an active audience, where you can expect messages to quickly pick up speed in a channel, and where not every message you see will be appropriate.
Table of ContentsWhat Is Slow Mode on Discord?
Discord’s slow mode feature is designed to reduce the number of messages that appear in a channel. When you send a message on Discord, the message usually appears immediately afterwards in the channel for others to view. If you and other users are sending multiple messages, however, this can make it difficult to follow.
A way around this is to use slow mode on Discord to limit how many messages a user can send in a short space of time. For instance, if you send a message in a channel with slow mode enabled, you won’t be able to send another message for the duration of the cooldown period. This can be set to any time between five seconds and six hours.
This restriction will only apply to standard Discord users. If the user has a Discord server role with Manage Channel or Manage Messages permissions, or these permissions are applied to the user in that channel directly, then slow mode won’t apply, and the user will be able to send messages as normal.
Enabling this feature helps to reduce channel message spam, as it allows users to send messages, but only in single bursts. If you’re a standard user, you can also mute other Discord users you don’t like, hiding their messages from view. For server owners, you’re free to kick or ban disruptive users in the server settings menu.How to Enable or Disable Slow Mode on Discord on PC or Mac
Discord’s slow mode isn’t enabled on channels by default, but you can activate it on your server in channels that are particularly busy. Only server administrators or users with permissions to edit a channel’s settings are able to enable slow mode, and the setting can be switched on or off at any time.
If you want to enable or disable slow mode on a Discord server using your PC or Mac, here’s what you’ll need to do.
To start, open the Discord PC or Mac client or open the Discord web client in your web browser. Once you’ve signed in, select your server from the vertical list on the left, then select a channel you wish to enable or disable slow mode in. Select the Edit Channel icon next to the channel name to proceed.
In the Overview settings menu for the Discord channel, use your mouse to move the Slowmode slider to the right to enable it, choosing a time period between 5s (five seconds) and 6h (six hours) in length.
If you’d prefer to disable Discord’s slow mode, use your mouse to move the slider to the Off position instead.
After choosing to enable or disable slow mode, or if you’re increasing or decreasing the slow mode cooldown period, you’ll need to save your new channel settings. Select Save Changes in the menu bar at the bottom to confirm any changes you’ve made.
The new slow mode settings you select will activate immediately. If you choose to enable slow mode, any user without the Manage Channel or Manage Messages permission for that channel will see a cooldown timer underneath the channel message text box. This will run for the cooldown period you selected.
If you’ve disabled slow mode on Discord, however, your users will be able to send messages without any time limitations.How to Enable or Disable Slow Mode on Mobile Devices
You can actively manage your Discord server setting using the Discord app on Android or Apple iPhone/iPad devices. If you have the app installed, you can follow the steps below to quickly enable or disable slow mode on Discord using your mobile device.
To start, open the Discord app on your Android or Apple device and sign in (if you haven’t already). In the Discord app, select the menu icon in the top left to view the server and channel list.
Select your server from the vertical channel list on the left. On the right, select and hold a channel in the channel list until the pop-up settings menu appears at the bottom.
In the channel menu, select the Edit Channel option.
Swipe down to the bottom of the Channel Settings menu to view the Slowmode options. Using your finger, move the Slowmode cooldown slider to the right to enable the feature, choosing any period between five seconds and six hours.
If you want to disable slow mode, move the slider to the furthest point on the left until the Slowmode is off message appears on the right.
To save your new channel settings, select the Save button at the bottom of the menu. Once you’ve saved your settings, use the arrow button in the top left or your device’s back button to exit the menu.
Any channel settings you change will be activated as soon as you save the changes. If you enable slow mode, the cooldown period you selected will apply to that channel for any messages sent by users without Manage Channel or Manage Server permissions. The timer itself will appear above the channel message text box.
If you disable slow mode, any message cooldown periods will be removed immediately, allowing users to send messages without any timing restrictions.Using Discord Effectively
If Discord isn’t opening or you’re having troubleshooting issues, you can always switch to the Discord web client or Discord Canary, the testing version of the software. Discord isn’t for everyone, however, so if you’re looking for an alternative, you could always give Slack or Teamspeak a try instead.
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Power BI has evolved into a valuable tool for businesses working with data, and incremental refresh is a key feature in Power BI that can make your job easier by dynamically updating your data.
Power BI incremental refresh is a process that allows users to refresh data progressively instead of doing a complete data refresh every time. It can significantly speed up data refreshing and reduce the amount of data that has to be transferred between Power BI and the data source.
In this article, we’ll show you how to set up incremental refresh in Power BI like a pro, making your data analysis workflow more agile and allowing you to make informed decisions in real-time with up-to-date data at your fingertips.
Power BI incremental refresh is a very handy tool, and understanding its fundamentals is essential if you want to leverage it for efficient data refresh processes for your reports and dashboards.
These fundamentals include:
Incremental refresh is a feature in Power BI that allows you to load only a new or updated data model, improving the efficiency of your data refresh process.
By using Power Query date/time parameters with the reserved, case-sensitive names RangeStart and RangeEnd, you can filter table data and dynamically partition it based on incremental range to separate frequently refreshed data from less-frequently refreshed data.
If you are interested in implementing an incremental refresh process, follow these steps:
In the Power BI desktop, select the table with custom filters applied.
In the Incremental Refresh window that opens, you can set various options and define the policy.
The policy you define in the Power BI Desktop will be applied to Power BI Service.
The filter logic used in incremental refresh is based on date ranges. You should consider the following factors when defining your filter logic:
Be mindful of your data source’s historical data retention policies.
Make sure the data source supports query folding and incremental refreshes.
Determine the optimal range for your data table to minimize load time.
Using incremental refresh with dataflows requires some additional considerations:
Firstly, your dataflow must reside in a workspace with Premium capacity.
Secondly, Power Apps per-app or per-user plans are required for an incremental refresh in Power Apps.
Finally, the dataflow must use Azure Data Lake Storage as the destination.
Incremental refresh in Power BI can save you time and improve the efficiency of your data updates.
Now that we’ve covered the fundamentals of Power BI incremental refresh, let’s take a look at a detailed explanation of how to set up incremental refresh in Power BI in the next section.
Setting up incremental refresh in Power BI is a straightforward process. You start by enabling the feature in the Power Query Editor, then specifying the desired table for refresh, and finally defining your storage and refresh policies.
Below is a detailed guide on how to set up Power BI incremental refresh:
To set up Incremental Refresh in Power BI, you must first create date/time parameters using Power Query. These parameters will help you define the range of data to be incrementally refreshed.
For a successful incremental refresh in your desired incremental range, the following two Power Query date/time parameters must be created with their reserved, case-sensitive names:
RangeStart: This parameter represents the start date of the data range that you want to include in the incremental refresh.
With these parameters created, you can now apply the date range filter to your data set.
Once you have both RangeStart and RangeEnd parameters set up, you can configure the Incremental Refresh policy:
In the Incremental Refresh settings window, turn on the Incrementally refresh this table slider.
Set up the storage policy by defining:
The number of days/years to store data in the Power BI service.
A refresh policy to determine the frequency of incremental refreshes.
By following these steps, you can set up incremental refresh in Power BI and optimize the refresh process for large datasets. It’s that simple!
Now that we have that covered, we look at how you can work with data and filters while using Power BI incremental refresh in the next section.
Knowing how to work with data and filters in Power BI is useful if you have a large dataset that doesn’t change very often but you still want to see the latest data regularly.
Here is how you can do so:
When working with Power BI’s incremental refresh, it’s essential to understand the different filters that work on date/time and the integer data type.
Using date/time parameters with the reserved, case-sensitive names RangeStart and RangeEnd, you can effectively filter table data based on dates.
For example, in a fact table that contains data since 2005, you can set up Incremental Refresh to keep only the last ten years, filtering out data before 2010.
In the case of integer data types, you can set up custom filters to manage incremental refresh. This helps partition and separate the data that needs frequent refreshing from the data that doesn’t require as much updating.
Surrogate keys play a crucial role when working with incremental refresh in Power BI. These unique keys help in managing and controlling your table data.
When you use surrogate keys during the configuration process, you can easily keep track of any changes or updates in your data while ensuring that the primary key is not altered.
This enables efficient and effective incremental refreshes while maintaining the integrity of your data.
Besides date/time and integer data types, you can also create and utilize custom filters in incremental refresh. Custom filters help you better manage and partition the data based on specific needs or criteria.
Here’s a step-by-step guide for creating a custom filter:
Create two parameters of Date/Time data type, with the names of RangeStart and RangeEnd. Set a default value for each parameter.
Implement the custom filter function in your query or data processing steps to filter the data based on your specific requirements.
Using custom filters, you can efficiently organize and manage the data in your Power BI solution, ensuring optimal performance and usability.
Be mindful of the incremental refresh settings to avoid falling into traps or facing issues that might hamper your overall experience.
After understanding how to work with data and filters in Power BI, let’s delve into how you can enhance the performance and efficiency of your reports and dashboards by leveraging incremental refresh in the next section.
There are different ways to improve performance and efficiency while using incremental refresh in Power BI. We will take a look at some of them below.
When you configure incremental refresh in Power BI, your table is automatically partitioned. One partition contains data that needs to be refreshed frequently, while the other partition holds rows that are not changing.
This improves the performance and efficiency of the refresh process. Query folding also plays a part in this process; it combines multiple steps of a query into a single database query, reducing the amount of processing and time required for report updates.
Power BI Premium allows you to work with large datasets more efficiently using storage formats such as Columnstore and Aggregations.
When processing large amounts of data, these storage formats speed up the refresh performance and enable you to interact with your reports faster.
Columnstore: This format enhances the performance of read-intensive queries due to its columnar storage and compression capabilities.
Aggregations: This feature ensures that many queries can be answered by the aggregated tables, reducing the need to access large fact tables and thus improving performance.
Using these storage formats while working with Power BI Premium will make managing large Power BI datasets more efficient.
Monitoring and optimizing resource consumption are crucial for maintaining the performance of your Power BI system. Some ways you can do this are:
Track Memory Usage: Analyze the PeakMemory metric during dataset refresh operations to understand the maximum memory consumed. Monitoring this value helps you identify any bottlenecks and optimize memory usage.
Monitor CPU Usage: Keep an eye on the MashupCPUTime, which indicates the total CPU time consumed by Power Query Engine for all queries. This insight allows you to optimize your queries and minimize consumption.
You can improve your Power BI system’s overall performance and efficiency by implementing the things discussed above and leveraging Power BI features like partitioning, query folding, and large dataset storage formats.
Next, we’ll examine how to configure incremental refresh using different sources.
You can use Power BI Incremental Refresh with different data sources, including SQL Database, DirectQuery and Import Data Modes, and Data Warehouses.
Here are some things to consider when selecting a data source to import into Power BI:
When working with SQL databases as your data source, remember to:
Create Power Query date/time parameters with reserved case-sensitive names: RangeStart and RangeEnd.
Apply filters on the data using these parameters to separate frequently and less frequently refreshed data.
Define an incremental refresh policy in Power BI Desktop before publishing to the Power BI service.
Keep in mind that Incremental refresh is only supported on Power BI Pro, Power BI Embedded datasets, and Premium per-user plan environments.
Power BI offers two data access modes: DirectQuery and Import Data.
Using Incremental Refresh with these modes involves the following:
DirectQuery: In the Direct Query mode, you query data from the data source in real-time, which means no data is imported into your Power BI dataset. You can only use Incremental Refresh with Direct Query if you have a Power BI Premium, Power BI Embedded datasets, or Premium per user plan.
Import Data: In this mode, you import data into your Power BI dataset, and you can then work with the imported data. To use Incremental Refresh with Import Data mode, configure RangeStart and RangeEnd parameters, apply filters, and define an incremental refresh policy.
Using Incremental Refresh with data warehouses is similar to using SQL databases. Follow the same steps to create RangeStart and RangeEnd parameters, apply filters to separate data based on refresh frequency, and define an incremental refresh policy before publishing your dataset to the Power BI service.
Ensure you understand your Power BI environment’s data access modes and limitations for utilizing incremental refresh properly with different data sources.
Properly configured incremental refreshes can improve data storage efficiency and ensure the most up-to-date information is available for your Power BI reports.
These tips and tricks will help you get the most out of your data and make sure that you are using incremental refresh correctly.
When working with Power BI, it’s essential to configure incremental refresh and real-time data efficiently for optimal performance.
Incremental refresh enables you to specifically refresh new or modified data instead of the entire dataset. When paired with real-time data, you can efficiently update your report with the latest information.
To leverage such capabilities, configure either through Power BI Desktop or tools such as the Tabular Model Scripting Language (TMSL) or Tabular Object Model (TOM) via the XMLA endpoint.
Converting Date/Time values to integers makes it easier to work with the data and optimize refresh efficiency. Here are the steps to convert Date/Time to Integer in Power Query:
Open Power Query Editor in Power BI.
Select the column containing the Date/Time values.
Choose Whole Number as the new data type.
This conversion promotes better performance by reducing the strain on data processing during incremental refreshes.
3. Only Refresh Complete Days
It is crucial only to refresh complete days when configuring incremental refresh policies, as it prevents unnecessary data processing and reduces loading times for reports.
To achieve this, follow these steps:
In the Incremental Refresh window, define a filter, such as Date_IS_AFTER = Date.IsAfterOrEqual([Date], DateTimeZone.SwitchZone(DateTime.LocalNow(), -TimeZoneOffset))
Configure the ‘rangeStart‘ and ‘rangeEnd‘ parameters to use only complete days. For example, set the ‘rangeEnd‘ to the previous day’s date.
And there we have it! We’ve unraveled the mystery of Power BI Incremental Refresh. It’s not just some tech jargon but a game-changer that can make handling massive datasets a breeze while saving you some serious time and resources.
So go ahead, give it a spin, and experience how it brings efficiency to your data updates. Remember, in the world of data, staying updated is staying ahead!
If you want to learn more about Power BI, you can watch the video below:
On rare occasions, your iPhone or iPad can run into serious issues—perhaps after a botched software update—that you can’t fix with standard troubleshooting. Before taking the device to an Apple Store, however, there’s one last thing you should try—resetting the iPhone or iPad in DFU (Device Firmware Update) Mode.
Table of ContentsWhen You Should Enter DFU Mode
If you have a malfunctioning iPhone or iPad, you must first update or reset it in Recovery Mode. Only resort to using DFU Mode in instances where the device continues to:
Resetting your iPhone or iPad in DFU Mode will permanently erase all data on it. If you have a recent iCloud or iTunes/Finder backup, you can restore the lost data after the reset procedure. You can also get back any data—such as photos and contacts—that you’ve set to sync with iCloud by signing into your Apple ID later on.
If the device shows up in iTunes/Finder when you connect it to a Mac or PC, it’s a good idea to create a fresh backup online or locally before entering and using DFU Mode on your iPhone.What You Need to Enter DFU Mode
You need a Mac or PC to enter and interact with DFU Mode—via the iTunes or Finder apps—on the iPhone or iPad. You should also have a compatible USB cable to connect the malfunctioning device to the computer physically.
Note: On the PC, you must download and install iTunes manually (if you haven’t already). The Mac comes with iTunes pre-installed, but it’s replaced by the Finder app starting with macOS Catalina.
However, there’s no reason to use a Mac or PC that you’ve previously used for backup or sync purposes. DFU Mode does not require access to any files on the iPhone or iPad, so any macOS or Windows 10 device should be good enough.How to Enter DFU Mode
To enter DFU Mode on the iPhone or iPad, you must press various buttons that change depending on the device’s make and model. The steps below may appear confusing—and tricky—to time correctly at first, so you may fail a few times before getting them right.
Unlike Recovery Mode, the screen on your iPhone or iPad will remain blank in DFU Mode. If you see anything (such as a “Plug into Mac/PC” indicator) at the end of the steps, you must try again.
Note: The following instructions work on an iPhone or iPad regardless of whether it’s powered On or Off.
1. Connect your iPhone or iPad to a Mac or PC.
2. Open iTunes or the Finder app.
3. Press and quickly release the Volume Up button on the iPhone or iPad.
4. Press and quickly release the Volume Down button.
5. Quickly press and hold the Side/Top button until the screen turns black. Or, wait until the Apple logo shows up and disappears again.
6. Immediately hold down the Volume Down button without releasing the Side button.
7. Wait for 5 seconds.
8. Release the Side button but keep holding the Volume Down button.
9. Release the Volume Down button once the device shows up in iTunes or Finder.iPhone 7 Series
1. Connect your iPhone or iPad to your Mac or PC.
2. Open iTunes or the Finder app.
3. Press and hold the iPhone’s Side and Volume Down buttons.
4. Wait for 8-10 seconds. In the meantime, the screen should turn off, or the Apple logo should show up and disappear.
5. Release the Side button while holding the Volume Down button.
6. Release the Volume Down button once you see the device in iTunes or Finder.
1. Connect your iPhone to your Mac or PC.
2. Open iTunes or the Finder app.
3. Press and hold the Side/Top and Home buttons on the iPhone or iPad.
4. Wait for 8-10 seconds.
4. Release the Side/Top button but keep holding down the Home button.
5. Release the Home button once you see the device in iTunes or Finder.How to Use DFU Mode on iPhone and iPad
In DFU Mode, select Restore iPhone or Restore iPad to begin resetting the iPhone or iPad. iTunes/Finder will automatically download the latest version of the iOS/iPadOS system software (which typically amounts to 5-6GB) and install it on your iPhone or iPad. It will also restore the firmware.
Note: Suppose your iPhone or iPad automatically exits DFU mode during the download phase. In that case, you must perform the button presses all over again and wait for iTunes/Finder to finish the download.
Do not disconnect your iPhone or iPad while iTunes/Finder is actively re-installing the system software and firmware. That will make the device completely unusable.
If DFU mode completes successfully, select the Restore from iCloud Backup or the Restore from Mac or PC option while setting up your iPhone or iPad to restore data from an iCloud or iTunes/Finder backup.How to Exit DFU Mode on iPhone and iPad
If you want to exit DFU Mode without resetting your iPhone or iPad, you must force-restart the device.
1. Press and quickly release the Volume Up button.
2. Press and quickly release the Volume Down button.
3. Quickly press and hold the Side/Top button until you see the Apple logo on the screen.iPhone 7 Series
Press and hold both the Side and Volume Down buttons until the Apple logo appears on the screen.
Press and hold both the Side/Top and the Home buttons until the Apple logo appears on the screen.The Next Course of Action
Performing a reset in DFU Mode does not guarantee that you’ll end up fixing your iPhone or iPad. Some issues—specifically those related to faulty hardware—are impossible to resolve by restoring the system software and firmware.
Check out our reviews of the HTCU12 Plus and U11!
Check out our reviews of the HTCU12 Plus and U11!
The HTCU11 and U12 Plus have pressure sensors embedded in the phones’ left and right edges. Squeeze the phone, the sensors register it as a key press, and the phone performs a command. You can set these commands in the Settings menu. These commands can do simple things like enable to flashlight, or even open an app.
The Google Pixel 2 and 3 line use very similar sensors, but it only works for opening Google Assistant. The pressure sensitivity is adjustable for both Google and HTCdevices, though.
It’s a neat little idea. People hold their phones in such a way that squeezing is often easier and faster than many other device controls. This is especially true for something like a flashlight toggle where you usually have to unlock the display and open the quick settings.How to set up Edge Sense Advanced HTCEdge Sense controls
In-app squeeze: This function lets you assign a specific action inside of a specific app. You can squeeze to take a photo in the camera app or squeeze while the keyboard is showing to enable voice-to-text. HTChas a variety of actions built in for the stock apps, as well as extras like Google Photos, Google Maps, Instagram, and Facebook. There is also a beta program for adding your own in-app squeeze controls, but it is a little bit more complicated.
Holding gesture: The Holding Gesture feature is super simple in practice, but a little difficult to explain. Basically, the phone uses different auto-rotate and screen dimming settings based on how you’re holding the phone (vertical or landscape). This one isn’t overly exciting, but it disables auto-rotate while laying in bed and that can be useful.
Double-tap action: The sensors on the sides of this phone are sensitive enough to where you can tap it like a button. This setting lets you double tap the edge of your screen on either side to perform an action. It functions just like the squeeze feature, so you can set different actions for a short squeeze, a long squeeze, and a double tap of the side of your phone.
There are actually a ton of potential uses between the short and long squeezes, the in-app squeezes, and the double tap Edge Sense feature. When all is said and done, users can use Edge Sense to perform three general actions and over a dozen in-app actions with even more options if you want to use the in-app squeeze beta feature.Other HTCEdge Sense features
Most of the desirable Edge Sense functions are things you can do elsewhere in the UI. For instance, the flashlight toggle or the Wi-Fi hotspot toggle are both in the Quick Settings. For the most part, Edge Sense adds convenience, rather than a new thing. However, it has some neat tricks.
Edge Launcher: Edge Launcher is very similar to Samsung’s Edge Panels. It’s a launcher that’s activated with Edge Sense, which you can heavily customize to include apps you frequently launch or toggles you frequently use. The outer ring has six spots and the inner one has five. There is also a second page you can spin around and access. In total it has 22 spaces for apps and toggles.
HTC Alexa: This is actually just Amazon Alexa. It functions like Alexa normally does on devices that use it. You must sign in with an Amazon account to use it.
HTC Sense Companion: This feature looks at your phone usage, location, and other information to recommend various things to you. We honestly didn’t enjoy using this as Google Assistant does a similar thing better and less intrusively.
Alexa and HTCSense Companion function without Edge Sense, but it’s definitely the best way to access them. Edge Launcher seems to be solely available in Edge Sense and we actually really like it. We only mentioned all three because it’s obvious HTCwants you to use them with Edge Sense.Our recommendations
Of course, you can use this technology however you like, but if you’re looking for ideas, we can help. Here are our recommendations:
Short squeeze: The short squeeze should be something you use all the time. We use the flashlight toggle for this one, but shutterbugs may want a quicker camera launch (if your phone doesn’t have a double-tap to launch the camera feature). HTCAlexa or Google Assistant also aren’t bad choices here, either.
Long squeeze: We recommend using this for less common, but still useful options. We bounced back and forth between the Edge Launcher and the screenshot function for this one. Other decent ideas include launching an app you frequently use or using it to toggle accessibility on or off.
Double tap: Double tap is a weird case. It accidentally engages sometimes if you jiggle the phone around in your hand. We wouldn’t recommend it for something like a flashlight toggle or a screenshot function because the accidental toggles will get on your nerves. Set it to open something naughty if you feel like living dangerously.
In-app squeeze: This is individually customizable with the beta program. However, we recommend using it in the camera app for taking photos with a squeeze at the very minimum. It makes selfies much easier. Squeezing to snooze an alarm in the Clock app and squeezing to answer a phone call are also excellent options.
HTC’s Edge Sense is quite an awesome little feature. Many OEMs add extra input with an extra button or gesture controls. Those are perfectly fine, but Edge Sense adds extra functionality without being intrusive or even changing the design or shape of the phone. That’s impressive, especially since both Apple and Android phones are moving to a more gesture control style UI. If you have a newer HTCphone, you should definitely be using Edge Sense.
Sure, you can just use the Kindle app on a tablet or smartphone to access your collection, but thanks to the Kindle Cloud Reader, you can access all your Kindle books from any device that has a compatible browser.
Table of ContentsWhat Is Amazon Kindle Cloud Reader Exactly?
The Amazon Kindle Cloud Reader app is a sophisticated web app that will run inside any compatible browser. Amazon recommends it for anyone who doesn’t have a Kindle device or the Kindle app on their device. That’s going to cut out Android and iOS users, since the Kindle app is available natively on those operating systems.
For the most part, the Kindle Cloud Reader app lets you do pretty much everything you’d do on your Kindle device or in the app. You can see your entire library, read any of your books and see any notes or marks that have been in a particular book. You can also finely adjust the font size, margins, colors and most of the things you’d expect from a decent ebook reading application.Browser Compatibility
If you’re running a recent version of Chrome, Firefox, Edge or Safari, then the Amazon Cloud Reader should work just chúng tôi also worked perfectly on the iPad version of Safari for us, but the Android version of Chrome just redirected us to the Amazon Kindle site.
The only place this might really be an issue is if you’re using a device that no longer receives browser updates. In which case you shouldn’t be accessing the internet with it in the first place!The Best Amazon Kindle Cloud Reader App Use Cases
Since just about everyone has a smartphone these days, what’s the point of the Kindle Cloud Reader app? It’s actually still a pretty relevant service and there are many devices that don’t have the mobile apps, but still make pretty decent reading devices.
The first and most obvious candidates are laptops. These days the dividing line between ultraportable laptops and tablets is shrinking fast. There are also tablets that run Windows 10, rather than Android or iOS. Cloud Reader makes it possible to read your Kindle collection on those devices.
There are also plenty of good reasons to want the versatility of browser-based reading. Using a Windows macOS or Linux computer gives you access to all sorts of important abilities. First of all, you can use large format or specialized display devices. You can even read books on a large TV, if you’re using a home entertainment PC or other computer hooked up to your flatscreen.
This can be particularly important when it comes to accessibility applications. Some people have setups that, for example, will only work in Windows. Kindle Cloud Reader opens up all sorts of possibilities because it makes the Kindle service accessible on such a large variety of computers.How To Use The Amazon Cloud Reader App
Using the Amazon Cloud Reader is incredibly simple. If you aren’t already logged into your Amazon account, you’ll be asked to do that first. Then, you should be at the library screen.
Here you can see your collection of books, bought in the Amazon Kindle store. There are plenty of options to play with on the library screen. You can change the display style of the books. Arrange them by author, title or how recently you’ve read them. It’s just a streamlined set of basic functions to get you reading as easily as possible.
Once you’ve picked the book you want to read, in this case The Renegade Spy by our very own Mark O’Neill, more options open up.
You’ll notice that the toolbars hide themselves when you’re reading, but you can simply move your mouse pointer to bring them back.
With the toolbars out, you can skip to any page by using the progress bar at the bottom of the screen.
The top toolbar has lots of useful stuff too. On the leftmost side, you’ll see the “Library” button. As you might expect, this takes you back to the library!
Next up are the “view settings”, where you can change the colors and text size. Margins can be tweaked as can the style of text column you prefer.
Next to that, you’ll find a button that toggles notes on or off. Speaking of which, you can add a note to your book by simply highlighting some text.
The last button syncs your Amazon Cloud Reader app to the furthest page read in this book across all devices.
That’s pretty much all you need to know in order to use the Amazon Kindle Cloud Reader. There’s just one more important function to cover – offline reading.Offline Reading
What use is an eBook you can’t read anywhere? If you use a Kindle device or one of the mobile apps, you can download your ebooks to local storage and read them whether you have an internet connection or not.
The good news is that Amazon has thought of this. The Kindle Cloud Reader app has two main buttons in the library: “Cloud” and “Downloaded”.
Once you’ve enabled it for your browser, you’ll have access to your books anywhere, with or without the internet!Reading With Your Head In The Clouds
Now that you know how to use the Kindle Cloud Reader app, there’s no reason to get behind on your reading now matter which devices you have with you. Whether you want to curl up with a laptop in your hotel bed or want to read aloud with your class from a projector, Cloud Reader will most likely make it possible.
Windows offers many commands and utilities to keep your computer up and running with optimized performance. CHKDSK is one of the Windows commands (DOS Commands in earlier days) that stands for check disk. As the name indicates, you can use CHKDSK command to scan your hard disk for errors. In this article we will explain how to use CHKDSK in Windows 11 with complete list of supported attributes.Why Should You Use CHKDSK?
You can use check disk when you notice the following in your computer:
Not able to read data from your hard disk.
Your computer is showing boot errors or performs slow when accessing files.
Computer shuts down abnormally in-between when you are working on a task.
It is also recommended to run chkdsk regularly as a part of your routine maintenance.
By using chkdsk, you can keep your hard disk healthy.How Does CHKDSK Work?
Generally speaking, chkdsk scans your hard disk to find any logical or physical error. It will compare file size, location, and other information with the actual data on the disk. At the same time, it will also identify parts of the hard disk that can damage your data.
When you run chkdsk alone, it will just highlight the status of the hard disk or a single partition without fixing any errors.
On the other hand, when you use it with other parameters like /f or /b, it will fix relevant errors found on your disk.
Once chkdsk is running, it’s not recommended to interrupt it. Even though, it’ll not bring any harm to your data if you interrupt the process, yet it’s better to let chkdsk complete its job.
Note that, in order to run chkdsk, you must run the Command Prompt as an administrator. Otherwise, you will not be allowed to execute this command.Syntax of CHKDSK
Below is the complete syntax of chkdsk command in Windows 11. However, all the parameters are optional and you can simply execute the chkdsk command without any other parameter to scan your disk.chkdsk /f /v /r /x /i /c /b [drive name]: [path]
Parameters have different uses. You will be using them according to the situation. The following table shows the complete list of parameters that you can use with chkdsk command along with their uses.
ParameterPurpose/fIt can fix all errors on the hard disk. But the drive must be locked first. If the drive is not locked then you will see the message like “Chkdsk cannot run because the volume is in use by another process. Would you like to schedule this volume to be checked the next time the system restarts? (Y/N)”. Choose Y to schedule the operation when your computer restarts next time. /vDisplay the name of each directory on the disk./r/r is used for locating bad sectors of the disk. Again the disk must be locked first. /r is similar to /f with the addition of finding physical errors./xIt first dismounts the disk and invalidates all open handles./i/i is only used with NTFS. It performs a less powerful scan of index entries thus completing the scan quickly./cIt is also used with NTFS. And reduces the scan time, as it does scan the cycles in the folder structure./b/b is also limited with NTFS only. The job of /b is to locate and remove bad clusters from the drives. After removing bad clusters it again scans the free clusters to check errors. /b also has all the functionalities of /r.Drive nameSpecify the drive letter that you are interested in scanning. Remember, the drive letter is followed by a colon like C: or D: without any space.PathThe path is only used with FAT and FAT32. If you are interested to scan a specific file or set of files, you have to add the path here. Else, you can skip this part. To separate file names, you can use ? and * wildcard characters.Running CHKDSK in Windows 11
To execute chkdsk in Windows 11, simply follow the given instructions.
Open Command Prompt as Admin
Type the following command. This is just an example and you can change the parameters according to your situation.chkdsk /f c:
Run chkdsk with Parameters
You may receive the following message after hitting the return key “Chkdsk cannot run because the volume is in use by another process. Would you like to schedule this volume to be checked the next time the system restarts? (Y/N)”. If you do see such a message, then hit the Y button and restart your computer. The scan will automatically begin once the system restarts.
chkdsk Windows Error
After pressing Y, you will see the Command Prompt show the following message.
Schedule chkdsk After Restart
If needed, you can manually restart the computer to start the scanning process.
Restart PC to Start chkdsk
Note: You can also run chkdsk command from Windows Terminal app in Windows 11. This app is called Windows PowerShell in Windows 10 and is renamed as Windows Terminal in later version.Protection of Data
Check disk will not affect your data when you scan for errors and bad sectors. However, when your hard drive contains bad sectors, trying to fix them may result in loss of important data. Therefore, before trying to fix errors, first step you should do is to take a backup of your data. If you are not able to fix the disk errors, then get a new hard disk as soon as possible to avoid using corrupted disk continuously.
Meanwhile, keep scanning your drive by running chkdsk. As a result, it will make your PC work faster and smoother.Summing Things Up
To sum up, hard disk is the most important component in a PC after CPU. It stores all of your essential data. So, it should always be in a healthy state otherwise, things could get worse for you. This is why Windows provide us with the utilities like chkdsk. It can scan the hard disk and help to detect both physical and logical errors. However, you should know how to properly use the command with various parameters. The purpose of this article is to explain various parameters of check disk command and executing it from Command Prompt. We hope that it was helpful for you to run check disk command and fix errors.
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